Th??? gi???i h??m nay: 09/09/2019

Thứ hai - 09/09/2019 01:04
T???ng th???ng Donald Trump ???? h???y c??c cu???c ????m ph??n h??a b??nh b?? m???t v???i Taliban t???i Tr???i David, v???n theo l???ch s??? di???n ra v??o ng??y h??m qua. ??ng Trump c??o bu???c nh??m phi???n qu??n Afghanistan c??? g???ng s??? d???ng ???l???i th??? gi?????? sau khi h??? nh???n tr??ch nhi???m v??? m???t v??? ????nh bom g???n ????y
Th??? gi???i h??m nay: 09/09/2019

Th??? gi???i h??m nay: 09/09/2019

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Ngu???n: The Economist | Bi??n d???ch: ????? ?????ng Nh???t Huy

T???ng th???ng Donald Trump ???? h???y c??c cu???c ????m ph??n h??a b??nh b?? m???t v???i Taliban t???i Tr???i David, v???n theo l???ch s??? di???n ra v??o ng??y h??m qua. ??ng Trump c??o bu???c nh??m phi???n qu??n Afghanistan c??? g???ng s??? d???ng ???l???i th??? gi?????? sau khi h??? nh???n tr??ch nhi???m v??? m???t v??? ????nh bom g???n ????y khi???n 12 ng?????i thi???t m???ng, bao g???m m???t l??nh M???. ??ng Trump c??ng d??? ki???n g???p Ashraf Ghani, t???ng th???ng Afghanistan.

Amber Rudd ???? r??t kh???i ch??nh ph??? c???a ??ng Boris Johnson. Qu???c v??? khanh ph??? tr??ch vi???c l??m v?? l????ng h??u cho bi???t th??? t?????ng ???? kh??ng l??m vi???c nghi??m t??c nh???m ?????m b???o m???t th???a thu???n Brexit v?? ch??? tr??ch vi???c ??ng thanh tr???ng c??c ngh??? s?? B???o th??? ch???ng ?????i. Tu???n tr?????c, em trai Th??? t?????ng c??ng ???? t??? ch???c Qu???c v??? khanh ph??? tr??ch m???ng ?????i h???c. Trong khi ????, ch??nh ph??? cho bi???t h??? s??? ???th??ch th???c ?????n gi???i h???n cu???i c??ng??? b???t k??? ?????o lu???t n??o y??u c???u h??? ph???i gia h???n Brexit.

Vua Salman c???a ??? R???p Saudi ???? ????a m???t trong c??c con trai c???a m??nh l??n l??m B??? tr?????ng n??ng l?????ng m???i c???a ?????t n?????c. Khalid al-Falih, ng?????i tr?????c ????y gi??? v??? tr?? n??y, d?????ng nh?? ???? b??? tr???ng ph???t v?? gi?? d???u th???p li??n t???c, kh??ng ????? cao ????? v????ng qu???c c??n b???ng ng??n s??ch. Ho??ng t??? Abdulaziz bin Salman s??? l?? th??nh vi??n ho??ng gia ?????u ti??n gi??? ch???c v??? n??y.

Joichi Ito, ng?????i ?????ng ?????u MIT???s Media Lab (m???t vi???n nghi??n c???u c???a H???c vi???n C??ng ngh??? Massachusetts MIT), ???? t??? ch???c sau nh???ng ti???t l??? v??? c??c giao d???ch v???i Jeffrey Epstein, m???t nh?? t??i ch??nh ???? t??? s??t v??o th??ng tr?????c trong khi ??ang ch??? x??t x??? v?? c??o bu???c bu??n ng?????i ph???c v??? c??c ho???t ?????ng t??nh d???c. ??ng Ito ???????c cho l?? ???? c??? g???ng che gi???u kho???n quy??n g??p 1,7 tri???u ???? la cho trung t??m h???c thu???t n??y. Hi???u tr?????ng MIT cho bi???t vi???c nh???n kho???n ti???n n??y l?? m???t ???sai l???m trong vi???c ????nh gi?????.

T??nh tr???ng b???t ???n ??? H???ng K??ng b?????c v??o tu???n th??? 14 khi c???nh s??t v?? ng?????i bi???u t??nh ?????ng ????? quanh V???nh Causeway. ?????ng th??i r??t b??? d??? lu???t d???n ????? g??y tranh c??i, v???n l?? nguy??n nh??n ban ?????u g??y n??n b???t ???n, ???? kh??ng xoa d???u ???????c ng?????i bi???u t??nh. S??? ng?????i xu???ng ???????ng ????i c??c quy???n d??n ch??? l???n h??n, trong khi m???t s??? ng?????i h??t Qu???c ca Hoa K??? v?? k??u g???i Donald Trump gi??p ?????.

Xu???t kh???u c???a Trung Qu???c ???? gi???m 1% trong th??ng 8 so v???i n??m ngo??i, trong b???i c???nh cu???c th????ng chi???n gi???a n?????c n??y v???i M??? ti???p t???c gay g???t. H???u h???t c??c nh?? ph??n t??ch ?????u ???? d??? ??o??n xu???t kh???u c???a Trung Qu???c s??? t??ng. Trong khi ????, nh???p kh???u v??o Trung Qu???c gi???m 5,6%. M???c thu??? 15% m???i nh???t c???a M??? ?????i v???i nhi???u h??ng h??a Trung Qu???c ???? c?? hi???u l???c v??o tu???n tr?????c; v?? m???c thu??? ????p tr??? c???a Trung Qu???c s??? theo sau.

Ukraine v?? Nga ???? trao ?????i h??ng ch???c t?? nh??n trong n??? l???c kh???i ?????u m???t m???i quan h??? t???t h??n. Cu???c xung ?????t ??? mi???n ????ng Ukraine gi???a qu??n ?????i Ukraine v?? phe ly khai do Nga h???u thu???n ???? gi???t ch???t 13.000 ng?????i trong 5 n??m qua. ?????c bi???t, m???t trong nh???ng ng?????i ???????c th??? l?? c??c nghi can c?? li??n quan ?????n v??? b???n h??? chi???c m??y bay c???a h??ng Malaysian Airlines.

TI??U ??I???M

Cu???c chi???n k?? l??? c???a Boris Johnson

Ch??nh ph??? c???a ??ng Boris Johnson v???a v???n v??? v???a d???n ?????u c??c cu???c th??m d??. Nh??ng l??m sao c?? th??? nh?? v???y ???????c? Tu???n tr?????c, th??? t?????ng ???? m???t quy???n ki???m so??t ch??nh s??ch Brexit v??o tay Qu???c h???i, v???n ???? th??ng qua d??? lu???t bu???c ??ng ph???i y??u c???u tr?? ho??n Brexit ???????c d??? ?????nh v??o ng??y 31 th??ng 10. D??? lu???t n??y s??? c?? hi???u l???c v??o h??m nay, m???c d?? ch??nh ph??? n??i r???ng h??? s??? t??m c??ch l??ch lu???t. 21 ngh??? s?? B???o th??? ???? b??? c??ch ch???c v?? n???i lo???n; nh???ng ng?????i kh??c sau ???? ???? t??? ch???c ????? ph???n ?????i, bao g???m hai th??nh vi??n ch??nh ph???.

??ng Johnson mu???n m???t cu???c b???u c??? s???m nh??ng H??? Vi???n ???? ch???n ?? t?????ng n??y v??o tu???n tr?????c v?? s??? th???c hi???n l???i ??i???u ???? v??o h??m nay. Tuy nhi??n, b???t ch???p c??c th???t b???i n???i ti???p c???a m??nh, ?????ng B???o th??? v???n ??ang d???n tr?????c C??ng ?????ng m?????i ??i???m. ??i???u ???? m???t ph???n l?? b???i l??nh ?????o Jeremy Corbyn c???a C??ng ?????ng ???? kh??ng ????p ???ng ???????c k?? v???ng c???a c??? tri. Nh??ng c??c cu???c ?????u tranh c???a Johnson c?? l??? ??ang c???ng c??? th??ng ??i???p c???t y???u c???a ??ng d??nh cho c??? tri: ch??? c?? ??ng s??? ?????ng l??n v?? m???t Brexit kh??ng b??? x??o tr???n v?? ????ng h???n, ch???ng l???i gi???i tinh hoa s???n s??ng l??m b???t c??? ??i???u g?? ????? h???y ho???i n??.

????? c??? c??c ???y vi??n ???y ban Ch??u ??u

Ursula von der Leyen tr??? th??nh ch??? t???ch c???a ???y ban ch??u ??u ch??? b???i v?? c??c nh?? l??nh ?????o qu???c gia kh??ng th??? t??m ra m???t l???a ch???n kh??c. Do ????, v??o h??m nay v?? ng??y mai, khi m?? c???u b??? tr?????ng qu???c ph??ng trung dung ng?????i ?????c n??y ????? c??? 26 ???y vi??n ???y ban Ch??u ??u, m???t s??? c?? th??? nghi ng??? th???m quy???n c???a b??. B?? von der Leyen s??? ch??nh th???c n???m quy???n ??i???u h??nh EU t??? ng??y 1 th??ng 11, khi n?????c Anh v???a r???i kh???i kh???i. Trong b???i c???nh m???t cu???c suy tho??i kinh t???, tranh ch???p v??? ng??n s??ch EU v?? c??c m???i ??e d???a c???a M??? ?????i v???i th????ng m???i, b?? s??? ph???i ?????i m???t v???i m???t kh???i ?????u kh?? kh??n.

Tuy nhi??n, b?? von der Leyen c?? nh???ng k??? ho???ch l???n. B?? ???? nh???n m???nh vi???c c?? nhi???u ???y vi??n n??? h??n. B?? mu???n trao cho c??c ph?? ch??? t???ch th???m quy???n l???n h??n v??? c??c v???n ????? nh?? bi???n ?????i kh?? h???u v?? n???n kinh t??? k??? thu???t s???. B?? d??? ?????nh s??? k?? ???lu???t xanh m???i??? v?? ????? ra c??c bi???n ph??p b???o v??? l????ng t???i thi???u, b??n c???nh nh???ng ch??nh s??ch kh??c. Song, ????y l?? EU, do ???? nhi???m k??? c???a b?? c?? l??? s??? ???????c x??c ?????nh r?? nh???t qua c??ch b?? ph???n ???ng v???i nh???ng kh???ng ho???ng b???t ng???.

M???t quy???n s??ch m???i v??? v??? ??n c???a Harvey Weistein

M???t cu???n s??ch r???t ???????c mong ?????i, b??? c???n tr??? g???t gao s??? l??n k??? trong tu???n n??y; cu???n s??ch ???????c vi???t b???i hai ph??ng vi??n c???a New York Times, nh???ng ng?????i ???? ????a Harvey Weinstein ra ??nh s??ng h???i n??m 2017. N?? h???a h???n s??? l?? m???t cu???n s??ch ????????y nh???ng kh??m ph?? m???i,??? nh???ng t??? ng??? s??? khi???n nh?? s???n xu???t phim v?? c??c c???ng s??? c???a ??ng lo l???ng. ???She Said??? ra m???t ngay sau ???Untouchable,??? m???t b??? phim t??i li???u ???????c ph??t s??ng c??ch ????y m???t tu???n k??? v??? c??c c??o bu???c l???m d???ng t??nh d???c v?? quy???n l???c c???a ??ng Weinstein. (??ng ph??? nh???n t???t c??? c??c c??o bu???c h??nh s??? hay h??m hi???p).

??ng Weinstein, ng?????i ph???i ?????i m???t v???i m???t s??? v??? ki???n d??n s??? c??ng nh?? c??c c??o bu???c h??nh s???, bao g???m c?????ng hi???p v?? t???n c??ng t??nh d???c, g???n ????y ???? y??u c???u ????a v??? x??t x??? c???a ??ng ra m???t t??a ??n b??n ngo??i th??nh ph??? New York. ??ng tuy??n b??? b???t k??? b???i th???m ??o??n n??o t??? New York c??ng s??? b??? t??c ?????ng b???i kh???i l?????ng ph??? s??ng truy???n th??ng ti??u c???c. Phi??n t??a b??? tr?? ho??n nhi???u l???n c???a ??ng gi??? ????y s??? b???t ?????u v??o th??ng 1 n??m 2020. ??ng Weinstein ch???c ch???n s??? ph??n n??n r???ng ???She Said??? l??m t???n h???i ?????n c?? h???i ???????c ??i???u tr???n c??ng b???ng c???a ??ng.

S???t r??t v???n c??n dai d???ng ??? h??? Sahara

B???nh n??y ???? t???n t???i h??n 3.500 n??m. Tuy nhi??n, T??? ch???c Y t??? Th??? gi???i cho bi???t h??? quy???t t??m x??a s??? ???m???i k?? sinh tr??ng s???t r??t tr??n b??? m???t h??nh tinh.??? ????? th???c hi???n ??i???u ???y, theo m???t b??o c??o m???i c???a WHO, t??? ch???c n??y ph???i t???p trung n??? l???c v??o khu v???c h??? Sahara c???a ch??u Phi, n??i g??nh ch???u thi???t h???i n???ng n??? nh???t c???a c??n b???nh. Khu v???c n??y, b??? b??? ngo??i ch????ng tr??nh lo???i tr??? s???t r??t to??n c???u ?????u ti??n t??? n??m 1955 ?????n 1969, hi???n l?? ngu???n g???c c???a h??n 90% trong s??? 400.000 ca t??? vong m???i n??m.

C??c t??c gi??? (c???a b???n b??o c??o) c???nh b??o r???ng ch??? d???a v??o c??c bi???n ph??p ph??ng ng???a hi???n c??, ch???ng h???n nh?? d??ng thu???c di???t c??n tr??ng, v???c-xin v?? x??t nghi???m ch???n ??o??n nhanh, th?? v???n s??? c?? ???tr??n 11 tri???u ca s???t r??t ??? ch??u Phi v??o n??m 2050.??? Song kh??ng ph???i l?? kh??ng c?? c??ch n??o. C??c nh?? khoa h???c ??? Kenya ???? th???c hi???n th??nh c??ng th??? nghi???m tr??n ng?????i ?????i v???i c??c lo???i thu???c ch???ng s???t r??t l??m cho m??u ng?????i tr??? n??n ?????c h???i v???i mu???i. Ph????ng ph??p ??i???u tr??? n??y c?? th??? s??? ???????c ??p d???ng cho c??ng ch??ng trong v??ng hai n??m t???i.

S??? ca nhi???m s???t r??t ??? m???t s??? n?????c ch??u Phi.

C??c phi c??ng c???a British Airways ????nh c??ng

V??o th??ng 2, IAG, ch??? s??? h???u BA, ???? c??ng b??? l???i nhu???n k??? l???c 3,2 t??? euro (3,5 t??? ???? la M???). Nh??ng k??? t??? ???? h??ng h??ng kh??ng c???a Anh ???? b??? bao v??y b???i d?? lu???n x???u. H???i th??ng 7, h??? b??? nh?? ch???c tr??ch ph???t 183 tri???u euro (229 tri???u ???? la) v?? ????? tin t???c ????nh c???p th??ng tin th??? t??n d???ng c???a kho???ng 500.000 kh??ch h??ng. Sau ???? v??o th??ng 8, h??? th???ng m??y t??nh c???a h??? b??? s???p, d???n ?????n h??n 500 chuy???n bay b??? ho??n ho???c h???y. H??m nay, m??a h?? c???a nh???ng r???c r???i s??? ti???p di???n khi h??n 4.000 phi c??ng c???a h??? ti???n h??nh ????nh c??ng hai ng??y, c?? th??? bu???c h??ng ph???i h???y t???i 1.700 chuy???n bay.

Tuy nhi??n, CEO c???a h??ng, ??ng Alex Cruz, v???n kh??ng c?? ?????ng t??nh g??. M???c d?? vi???c t??ng l????ng cho c??c phi c??ng s??? ch??? t???n 50 tri???u b???ng m???i n??m, nh??ng ??ng lo ng???i c??c c??ng ??o??n kh??c ?????i di???n cho phi h??nh ??o??n v?? nh??n vi??n m???t ?????t r???i s??? theo ch??n c??c phi c??ng. V???i vi???c l???i nhu???n c???a c??c h??ng h??ng kh??ng ch??u ??u suy gi???m do nhu c???u y???u v?? c???nh tranh ng??y c??ng t??ng, BA ph???i v???ch r?? c??c gi???i h???n ?????i v???i ????i h???i c???a nh??n vi??n. V?? v???y h??y s???n s??ng cho c??c r???c r???i kh??c n???a.
 

15/09/1972: Vi???t Nam CH t??i chi???m th??nh c??? Qu???ng Tr???

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Ngu???n: South Vietnamese forces retake Quang Tri City, History.com

Bi??n d???ch: Nguy???n Th??? Kim Ph???ng

V??o ng??y n??y n??m 1972, l???c l?????ng Vi???t Nam C???ng H??a ???? t??i chi???m th??nh c??? Qu???ng Tr??? sau b???n ng??y chi???n ?????u d??? d???i, ?????ng th???i tuy??n b??? r???ng h??n 8.135 l??nh B???c Vi???t ???? b??? ti??u di???t trong tr???n ????nh.

L???c l?????ng B???c Vi???t ???? ph??t ?????ng m???t cu???c t???n c??ng ??? ???t, ???????c g???i l?? Chi???n d???ch Nguy???n Hu??? hay ???Chi???n d???ch Ph???c sinh??? v??o ng??y 31/03, v???i ba m???c ti??u ch??nh l?? Qu???ng Tr??? n???m v??? ph??a nam khu v???c phi qu??n s???, Kontum ??? T??y Nguy??n, v?? An L???c, ch??? c??ch S??i G??n 60 d???m v??? ph??a B???c.

Cu???c t???n c??ng n??y s??? d???ng 14 s?? ??o??n v?? 26 trung ??o??n ri??ng bi???t, t???ng l???c l?????ng h??n 120.000 qu??n, v?? ???????c thi???t k??? nh???m ????nh b???i Vi???t Nam C???ng H??a trong chi???n tranh v?? g??y th???t b???i cho c??c l???c l?????ng M??? c??n s??t l???i (c?? ??t h??n 70.000 qu??n M??? t???i Vi???t Nam v??o th???i ??i???m n??y do ch??nh s??ch ???Vi???t Nam h??a chi???n tranh??? c???a Nixon v?? k??? ho???ch r??t qu??n c???a ng?????i M???). ?????t t???n c??ng c???a B???c Vi???t ???????c ?????c tr??ng b???ng nh???ng tr???n h???p ?????ng t??c chi???n gi???a l???c l?????ng t??ng thi???t gi??p v?? b??? binh, ???????c h??? tr??? b???i ph??o binh h???ng n???ng, d???n ?????n m???t s??? nh???ng tr???n ????nh ???????c coi l?? d??? d???i nh???t trong Chi???n tranh Vi???t Nam.

L???c l?????ng Vi???t Nam C???ng H??a v?? c??c c??? v???n M??? c???a h???, ???????c h??? tr??? b???i m??y bay n??m bom chi???n thu???t v?? m??y bay n??m bom B-52 c???a M???, ???? c?? th??? c???m c??? t???i An L???c v?? Kontum d?? b??? ??p ?????o v??? qu??n s???. Tuy nhi??n, l???c l?????ng t???i Qu???ng Tr??? ???? lung lay d?????i s??? t???n c??ng c???a l???c l?????ng c???ng s???n v?? nhanh ch??ng b??? ??p ?????o. Ch??? sau khi T???ng th???ng Thi???u sa th???i ch??? huy c???a Qu??n ??o??n I v?? thay th??? ??ng ta b???ng Thi???u t?????ng Ng?? Quang Tr?????ng, ng?????i ???????c cho l?? m???t trong nh???ng s?? quan gi???i nh???t trong qu??n ?????i Nam Vi???t Nam, th?? qu??n ?????i Vi???t Nam C???ng h??a m???i c?? th??? ng??n ch???n ???????c l???c l?????ng B???c Vi???t.

??ng Tr?????ng ???? c?? nh???ng bi???n ph??p ????? ???n ?????nh t??nh h??nh v?? l???c l?????ng Nam Vi???t Nam ???? b???t ?????u chi???n ?????u ????p tr???. Sau tr???n ????nh ?????m m??u k??o d??i b???n th??ng r?????i, trong ???? c?? 977 l??nh Vi???t Nam C???ng H??a thi???t m???ng, Tr?????ng v?? qu??n ?????i c???a ??ng ???? l???y l???i Qu???ng Tr??? t??? tay B???c Vi???t, v?? gi??nh ???????c m???t chi???n th???ng quan tr???ng. T???ng th???ng Nixon ???? s??? d???ng ??i???u n??y l??m b???ng ch???ng kh???ng ?????nh r???ng ch??nh s??ch Vi???t Nam h??a chi???n tranh c???a ??ng l?? c?? hi???u qu??? v?? qu??n ?????i Nam Vi???t Nam ???? s???n s??ng ????? ?????m tr??ch cu???c chi???n.

Nh???ng c??u n??i n???i ti???ng c???a L?? Quang Di???u

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Ngu???n: ???In quotes: Lee Kuan Yew???, BBC, 22/03/2015.

Bi??n d???ch: Nguy???n Th??? Ph????ng

L?? Quang Di???u l?? ch??nh kh??ch n???i ti???ng ???? bi???n Singapore t??? m???t th??nh ph??? c???ng nh??? th??nh m???t trung t??m t??i ch??nh to??n c???u.

??ng cho r???ng ng?????i d??n n??n ???????c u???n n???n b???i ch??nh ph??? ????? th??nh c??c qu???c gia (hi???u qu???) ??? v?? ??ng c??ng kh??ng h???i h???n v??? nh???ng ch??nh s??ch m?? m??nh ???? ????? ra cho m???c ti??u n??y.

T??ch ra kh???i Malaysia

Tr??ch t??? m???t bu???i h???p b??o ?????y x??c c???m v??o ng??y 9 th??ng 8 n??m 1965, sau khi Malaysia b??? phi???u tr???c xu???t Singapore:

????????i v???i t??i, ????y l?? m???t th???i kh???c ??au ?????n b???i v?? trong to??n b??? cu???c ?????i c???a t??i???b???n th??n t??i ???? tin t?????ng v??o s??? h???p nh???t v?? th???ng nh???t c???a c??? hai v??ng l??nh th???. B???n bi???t ?????y, ????y l?? m???t d??n t???c, ???????c n???i k???t v???i nhau b???i ?????a l??, kinh t???, v?? m???i quan h??? anh em. C??c b???n kh??ng phi???n n???u ch??ng ta d???ng l???i m???t ch??t ch???? [bu???i h???p b??o d???ng l???i ????? ??ng Lee c?? th??? l???y l???i s??? ??i???m t??nh]

[Sau m???t s??? ??o???n] Kh??ng c?? g?? ph???i lo l???ng c???. Nhi???u th??? s??? v???n ti???p t???c ho???t ?????ng nh?? b??nh th?????ng. Nh??ng h??y v???ng v??ng, v?? h??y b??nh t??nh. Ch??ng ta s??? ch???ng ki???n m???t n?????c Singapore ??a s???c t???c???M???i ng?????i ai c??ng s??? c?? ch??? ?????ng c???a m??nh: b??nh ?????ng; ng??n ng???, v??n ho??, t??n gi??o.???

T??? do b??o ch??

Ph??t bi???u tr?????c ?????i h???i ?????ng H???c vi???n B??o ch?? Qu???c t??? t???i Helsinki v??o ng??y 9 th??ng 6 n??m 1971:

???Vai tr?? m?? ng?????i d??n v?? ch??nh ph??? t???i nh???ng qu???c gia non tr??? mu???n truy???n th??ng ?????i ch??ng ?????m nhi???m l?? g??????Truy???n th??ng ?????i ch??ng gi??p tr??nh b??y c??c v???n ????? c???a Singapore m???t c??ch ????n gi???n v?? r?? r??ng, sau ???? m?? t??? l??m th??? n??o ng?????i d??n c?? th??? gi???i quy???t nh???ng v???n ????? ???? b???ng c??ch ???ng h??? cho m???t s??? ch??nh s??ch hay ch????ng tr??nh nh???t ?????nh. Quan tr???ng h??n, ch??ng t??i mu???n truy???n th??ng ?????i ch??ng ph???i c?? kh??? n??ng b???i ?????p, ch??? kh??ng ph???i l?? b??o m??n, c??c gi?? tr??? v??n ho?? v?? th??i ????? x?? h???i v???n ???? ???????c d???y d??? trong c??c tr?????ng h???c c???a m??nh.

[Sau m???t v??i ??o???n] T??? do b??o ch??, t??? do truy???n th??ng, ph???i n???m d?????i c??c y??u c???u c???p b??ch kh??c gi??p gia t??ng t??nh li??m ch??nh c???a Singapore, v?? ph???i n???m d?????i c??c m???c ????nh c???a m???t ch??nh ph??? ???????c d??n b???u.???

Vai tr?? c???a nh?? n?????c

Ph??t bi???u trong ng??y Qu???c kh??nh n??m 1986, ???????c tr??ch d???n b???i Straits Times v??o ng??y 20 th??ng 4 n??m 1987:

???T??i th?????ng xuy??n b??? ch??? tr??ch v?? can thi???p v??o ?????i s???ng ri??ng t?? c???a ng?????i d??n. V??ng, v?? n???u t??i kh??ng l??m th???, ch??ng ta s??? ch???ng c?? ???????c ng??y h??m nay.

V?? t??i s??? n??i kh??ng m???t ch??t h???i h???n, r???ng ch??ng ta s??? kh??ng ??? ????y, ch??ng ta s??? kh??ng ?????t ???????c ti???n b??? kinh t???, n???u ch??ng ta kh??ng can thi???p v??o c??c v???n ????? c?? nh??n ??? t??? h??ng x??m c???a b???n l?? ai, b???n s???ng nh?? th??? n??o, b???n ???????c ph??p l??m ???n ra sao, kh???c nh??? nh?? th??? n??o, hay b???n ??ang s??? d???ng ng??n ng??? g??. Ch??ng t??i quy???t ?????nh ??i???u g?? l?? ????ng.???

Ph????ng T??y

Ph??ng v???n v???i t???p ch?? Foreign Policy, S??? Th??ng 3/Th??ng 4 n??m 1994:

???T??i n??i th???t nh??; n???u ch??ng t??i kh??ng l???y nh???ng ?????c ??i???m t???t c???a ph????ng T??y ????? d???n ???????ng, c?? l??? ch??ng t??i s??? kh??ng bao gi??? tho??t ra ???????c t??nh tr???ng tr?? tr??? c???a m??nh. Ch??ng t??i c?? th??? s??? l?? m???t n???n kinh t??? tr?? tr??? v???i m???t x?? h???i tr?? tr???. Nh??ng ch??ng t??i kh??ng ti???p thu t???t c??? m???i th??? c???a ph????ng T??y.???

[Tr??? l???i m???t c??u h???i kh??c]

???????? t??i ????a cho b???n m???t v?? d??? c?? th??? mi??u t??? ng???n g???n nh???t s??? kh??c bi???t gi???a M??? v?? Singapore. N?????c M??? g???p ph???i v???n ????? t???i t??? li??n quan t???i ma tu??. L??m th??? n??o h??? gi???i quy???t v???n ????? ????? Ng?????i M??? ??i kh???p th??? gi???i nh???m gi??p ????? nh???ng c?? quan ph??ng ch???ng ma tu?? kh??c ng??n ch???n nh???ng k??? bu??n ma tu?????Singapore kh??ng c?? l???a ch???n ????. T???t c??? nh???ng g?? ch??ng t??i l??m l?? th??ng qua m???t ?????o lu???t n??i r???ng b???t c??? nh??n vi??n h???i quan hay c???nh s??t n??o nh???n th???y b???t c??? ai t???i Singapore c?? d???u hi???u kh??? nghi???c?? th??? y??u c???u ng?????i ???? th??? n?????c ti???u. N???u k???t qu??? x??t nghi???m d????ng t??nh v???i ma tu??, ng?????i ???? ngay l???p t???c ???????c ????a ??i ??i???u tr???. ??? M??? n???u l??m nh?? v???y s??? b??? coi nh?? vi ph???m quy???n t??? do c?? nh??n v?? b???n s??? b??? ki???n.???

?????i l???p ch??nh tr???

V??? JB Jeyaretnam, m???t lu???t s?? v?? ngh??? s?? ?????i l???p ???ng h??? t??? do h??n n???a nh??ng b??? l??m cho ph?? s???n b???i ??ng L?? th??ng qua to?? ??n, trong cu???n Lee Kuan Yew, The Man And His Ideas, 1997:

???N???u b???n l?? m???t k??? g??y phi???n ph???c???ch??ng t??i c?? ngh??a v??? ch??nh tr??? l?? ph???i hu??? di???t b???n. Nh??? l???y ??i???u ????. Ch???ng n??o m?? JB Jeyaretnam c??n c??? ch???p v???i nh???ng quan ??i???m c???a m??nh ??? v???n ho??n to??n mang t??nh ch???t ph?? ho???i ??? th?? ch??ng t??i s??? h??? b??? ??ng ta. T???t c??? m???i ng?????i ?????u bi???t r???ng t??i s??? h???u m???t c??i r??u nh??? trong t??i, v?? n?? r???t s???c. B???n t???n c??ng t??i, t??i s??? d???ng c??i r??u c???a m??nh, v?? ch??ng ta g???p nhau trong m???t c??i ng?? c???t kh??ng l???i tho??t.???

H??nh m???u Singapore

B??i ph???ng v???n v???i New York Times, 29 th??ng 8 n??m 2007:

???Ch??ng t??i bi???t r???ng n???u ch??ng t??i gi???ng nh?? c??c n?????c l??ng gi???ng c???a m??nh, ch??ng t??i s??? ch???t. B???i v?? ch??ng t??i ch???ng c?? g?? kh??c n???u so v???i h??? ????? m?? m???i g???i. V?? th??? ch??ng t??i ph???i t???o ra c??i g?? ???? kh??c bi???t v?? t???t h??n c??i m?? h??? ??ang c??. ???? ch??nh l?? t??nh li??m khi???t, l?? s??? hi???u qu???, l?? ch??? ????? ????i ng??? nh??n t??i. V?? l???a ch???n n??y th???c s??? hi???u qu???.

Ch??ng t??i l?? ng?????i th???c d???ng???C??i n??y c?? hi???u qu??? kh??ng? C??? th??? v?? n???u n?? hi???u qu???, t???t th??i, c??? ti???p t???c. C??n kh??ng, v???t n?? qua m???t b??n, th??? c??i kh??c. Ch??ng t??i kh??ng b??? d??nh ch???t v???i b???t c??? m???t h??? t?? t?????ng n??o c???.???

C??c th??ch th???c trong t????ng lai

B??i ph???ng v???n v???i New York Times, 13 th??ng 9 n??m 2010:

?????i???u h???i ti???c c???a t??i l?? c??ng tr??nh nguy nga v?? ?????i hi???n t???i ch??? ???????c x??y d???ng tr??n m???t n???n m??ng qu?? h???p, v?? th??? t??i ph???i d???n d?? th??? h??? mai sau, ?????ng xem nh???ng g?? ???????c x??y d???ng n??n l?? ??i???u hi???n nhi??n, l?? th??? c?? s???n.

N???u b???n qu??n r???ng ????y ch??? l?? m???t h??n ?????o nh??? n??i m?? ch??ng ta x??y d???ng n??n m???t to?? th??p cao 100 t???ng, v?? c?? th??? l??n ?????n 150 t???ng n???u b???n ????? th??ng th??i. Nh??ng n???u b???n tin r???ng ??i???u n??y l?? v??nh c???u, th?? to?? th??p s??? s???p ????? v?? b???n s??? kh??ng th??? n??o c?? ???????c c?? h???i th??? hai.???

Di s???n c???a ??ng L??

B??i ph???ng v???n v???i New York Times, 13 th??ng 9 n??m 2010:

???Ph??n quy???t cu???i c??ng s??? kh??ng ph???i l?? n???m trong c??o ph?? c???a t??i. Ph??n quy???t cu???i c??ng l?? khi c??c nghi??n c???u sinh ti???n s?? ????o x???i kho l??u tr???, ?????c nh???ng b??i b??o c?? v??? t??i, ????nh gi?? nh???ng g?? k??? th?? c???a t??i n??i, sang l???c b???ng ch???ng v?? t??m ra s??? th???t.

T??i kh??ng kh???ng ?????nh r???ng m???i vi???c m??nh l??m ?????u ????ng, nh??ng m???i th??? m?? t??i l??m l?? v?? m???t m???c ????ch ????ng tr??n tr???ng.???

P/vtheo Nghi??n c???u Qu???c t???

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