Th??? gi???i h??m nay: 02/09/2019

Thứ hai - 02/09/2019 00:29
Ng?????i bi???u t??nh ??? H???ng K??ng ???? ????nh ?????u k??? ni???m n??m n??m cu???c b??? phi???u b??c b??? c??c c???i c??ch ch??nh tr??? n???a v???i do Trung Qu???c ????a ra. B???t ch???p vi???c ch??nh quy???n c???m tu???n h??nh, h??ng ng??n ng?????i bi???u t??nh ???ng h??? d??n ch??? xu???ng ???????ng m???t c??ch h??a b??nh t???i trung t??m th??nh ph???
Th??? gi???i h??m nay: 02/09/2019

Th??? gi???i h??m nay: 02/09/2019

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Ngu???n: The Economist | Bi??n d???ch: ????? ?????ng Nh???t Huy

Ng?????i bi???u t??nh ??? H???ng K??ng ???? ????nh ?????u k??? ni???m n??m n??m cu???c b??? phi???u b??c b??? c??c c???i c??ch ch??nh tr??? n???a v???i do Trung Qu???c ????a ra. B???t ch???p vi???c ch??nh quy???n c???m tu???n h??nh, h??ng ng??n ng?????i bi???u t??nh ???ng h??? d??n ch??? xu???ng ???????ng m???t c??ch h??a b??nh t???i trung t??m th??nh ph??? v??, ?????ng th???i, m???t c??ch ??t h??a b??nh h??n, ???? bao v??y c??c t??a nh?? ch??nh ph??? v?? l??m t?? li???t h??? th???ng t??u ??i???n ng???m. ???? l?? ?????t bi???u t??nh cu???i tu???n l???n th??? 13 li??n ti???p.

Taliban, m???t nh??m th??nh chi???n, ???? t???n c??ng hai th??nh ph??? ??? mi???n b???c Afghanistan ngay c??? khi c??c nh?? ????m ph??n cho bi???t h??? ???? g???n ho??n th??nh m???t th???a thu???n h??a b??nh. M??? d??? ki???n s??? r??t g???n h???t qu??n ?????i ra kh???i Afghanistan n???u Taliban h???a ng???ng che ch??? cho nh???ng t??n kh???ng b??? t??m c??ch t???n c??ng c??c m???c ti??u M???. Tuy nhi??n, m???t th???a thu???n h??a b??nh gi???a Taliban v?? ch??nh ph??? d??n c??? c???a Afghanistan v???n c??n r???t xa x??i.

 

Nga ph??n n??n r???ng c??c cu???c kh??ng k??ch c???a M??? ??? t???nh Idlib, Syria, v???n g??y ra nhi???u th????ng vong, s??? ??e d???a m???t l???nh ng???ng b???n ??? ????. M??? cho bi???t h??? ??anh v??o m???t ti???n ?????n c???a al-Qaeda. M???t th???a thu???n qu???c t??? nh???m t???o ra ???khu v???c xu???ng thang??? ??? Idlib do phe n???i d???y n???m gi???, c??ng l?? n??i qu??n ?????i Th??? Nh?? K??? ????ng qu??n, ch??? c?? hi???u qu??? h???n ch???.

Binyamin Netanyahu ???? gia h???n l???i cam k???t, r???ng ???v???i s??? gi??p ????? c???a Ch??a???, s??? s??p nh???p c??c khu ?????nh c?? c???a ng?????i Do Th??i ??? B??? T??y v??o l??nh th??? Israel, trong m???t b??i ph??t bi???u tr?????c cu???c b???u c??? v??o ng??y 17 th??ng 9. ??ng Netanyahu v?? c??c ?????ng minh ???? gi??nh chi???n th???ng trong cu???c b???u c??? v??o th??ng 4, nh??ng kh??ng th??? th??nh l???p m???t li??n minh c???m quy???n. Sau ???? v??o cu???i ng??y Ch??? nh???t, Israel v?? Hizbullah, m???t nh??m v?? trang c???a ng?????i Shia, ???? ti???n h??nh m???t s??? giao tranh nh??? ??? bi??n gi???i Lebanon.

T??m m????i n??m sau khi Th??? chi???n II b??ng n???, t???ng th???ng ?????c Frank-Walter Steinmeier ???? ????? ngh??? Ba Lan tha th??? cho s??? t??n b???o m?? ?????c g??y ra trong cu???c chi???n. Kho???ng 6 tri???u ng?????i Ba Lan ???? b??? gi???t trong th???i gian ?????c chi???m ????ng; Ba Lan v???n ??ang t??m ki???m c??c kho???n b???i th?????ng. Nh??n l???i l???ch s???, vi???c ?????c x??m l?????c qu???c gia l??ng gi???ng ???? khi???n Anh v?? Ph??p tuy??n chi???n.

M???t cu???c ch???n xe ki???m tra gi???y t??? ???? bi???n th??nh m???t v??? x??? s??ng ??? Texas. Tay s??ng ???? tho??t kh???i c???nh s??t v?? x??? s??ng b???a b??i; anh ta c??ng ????nh c???p m???t chi???c xe b??u ch??nh v?? ch???y ?????n m???t r???p chi???u phim, n??i y ?????u s??ng v???i c???nh s??t cho ?????n khi b??? gi???t. B???y ng?????i kh??c thi???t m???ng v?? kho???ng 20 ng?????i b??? th????ng, trong ???? c?? m???t s??? s?? quan c???nh s??t v?? m???t b?? g??i 17 th??ng tu???i. Kh??ng r?? ?????ng c?? c???a tay s??ng l?? g??.

V??ng ??p thu??? m???i nh???t c???a M??? ?????i v???i h??ng nh???p kh???u c???a Trung Qu???c b???t ?????u c?? hi???u l???c. M???t s??? h??ng h??a tr??? gi?? 112 t??? ???? la gi??? ????y ph???i ch???u m???c thu??? 15%. T???ng th???ng Donald Trump ??ang ??e d???a s??? m??? r???ng thu??? quan ?????i v???i g???n nh?? t???t c??? h??ng nh???p kh???u t??? Trung Qu???c v??o th??ng 12. ????p l???i, Trung Qu???c c??ng ??p th??m thu??? ?????i v???i h??ng h??a c???a M???, bao g???m c??? d???u th??.

B??o Dorian ???? m???nh l??n th??nh c??n b??o c???p 5 tr?????c khi ??i v??o qu???n ?????o Bahamas, d???n ?????n ???t??nh tr???ng th???m h???a???, theo Trung t??m Qu???c gia v??? B??o c???a M???. ???????ng ??i d??? ki???n c???a c??n b??o ???? thay ?????i; thay v?? ??i t??? ????ng sang t??y ?????n b??? bi???n ph??a ????ng Florida, gi??? ????y b??o d??? ki???n s??? quay l??n h?????ng b???c, h?????ng v??? Florida, Georgia v?? 2 bang Carolina.

TI??U ??I???M

Bi???u t??nh H???ng K??ng v???n quy???t li???t

Ch??nh ph??? H???ng K??ng ??ang b??? bao v??y b???i ch??nh ng?????i d??n trong khi c???nh s??t b???t ?????u c???ng r???n h??n. Sau v??? b???t gi??? c??c nh?? ho???t ?????ng d??n ch??? v?? ch??nh tr??? gia, bao g???m c??? ng?????i n???i ti???ng nh???t, Joshua Wong, c???nh s??t ???? c???m c??c cu???c bi???u t??nh v??o cu???i tu???n v???i l?? do lo ng???i nguy c?? b???o l???c. D???u v???y, ng??y 31 th??ng 8, h??ng ch???c ng??n ng?????i v???n xu???ng ???????ng v?? m???i th??? b???t ?????u trong h??a b??nh nh??ng cu???i c??ng k???t th??c trong b???o l???c. Nh???ng ng?????i bi???u t??nh c???ng r???n v??y quanh c??c t??a nh?? c???a c???nh s??t v?? ch??nh ph???, ?????ng th???i n??m bom x??ng. C???nh s??t ch???ng b???o ?????ng ???? ????p tr??? b???ng h??i cay, v??i r???ng v?? th???m ch?? b???n s??ng c???nh c??o; h??? c??ng ????nh h??nh kh??ch trong m???t chuy???n t??u ??i???n ng???m.

V??o ng??y Ch??? nh???t, ng?????i bi???u t??nh tr??n ng???p c??c tuy???n ???????ng b??? v?? ???????ng s???t d???n v??? s??n bay, l??m gi??n ??o???n c??c chuy???n bay ??? ???? th??m m???t l???n n???a. M???t cu???c t???ng ????nh c??ng ???????c k??u g???i di???n ra v??o ng??y 2 th??ng 9. H??n 900 ng?????i ???? b??? b???t gi???, nhi???u ng?????i trong s??? h??? l?? thanh thi???u ni??n. C???nh s??t kh???ng ?????nh h??? v???n ki???m so??t t??nh h??nh. Tuy nhi??n, Trung Qu???c c???nh b??o h??? c?? th??? can thi???p v??o l??nh th??? m?? h??? ???? h???a h???n ???m???t m???c ????? t??? tr??? cao???. Xem ra kh??ng b??n n??o ch???u l??i b?????c.

Than ????: th???m h???a m??i tr?????ng c???a Ch??u ??

Tu???n l??? Kh?? h???u Ch??u ??-Th??i B??nh D????ng s??? b???t ?????u t???i Bangkok h??m nay, v?? m???t chu???i c??c cu???c h???p v??? m??i tr?????ng l???n h??n c???a Li??n H???p Qu???c s??? di???n ra ??? New York v??o cu???i th??ng n??y. C??c cu???c tri???n l??m v?? th???o lu???n s??? tr??nh b??y nh???ng ?? t?????ng m???i nh???m gi???i quy???t v???n ????? bi???n ?????i kh?? h???u. Ch??u ?? c?? th??? ??p d???ng m???t s??? ?? t?????ng n??y. Ch??u l???c n??y g???n nh?? ???nghi???n??? nhi??n li???u h??a th???ch, ?????c bi???t l?? than ????. H??? khai th??c v?? ti??u th??? 3/4 s??? than c???a th??? gi???i. Trung Qu???c l?? nh?? s???n xu???t v?? ti??u d??ng l???n nh???t; ?????t n?????c n??y c??ng th???i ra nhi???u kh?? carbon dioxide h??n b???t k??? n?????c n??o kh??c.

Kh??ng thua k??m, ????ng Nam ?? l?? khu v???c duy nh???t tr??n th??? gi???i c?? s???n l?????ng ??i???n than th???c s??? t??ng tr?????ng v??o n??m ngo??i, theo C?? quan N??ng l?????ng Qu???c t???. C??c nh?? ho???t ?????ng k?? v???ng r???ng n??ng l?????ng t??i t???o gi?? r??? c??ng v???i m???i lo ng???i v??? ?? nhi???m kh??ng kh?? v?? qu???n l?? ngu???n n?????c (c??c nh?? m??y ??i???n than s??? d???ng r???t nhi???u n?????c) s??? l??m gi???m s??? ??a chu???ng c???a ch??u ?? ?????i v???i lo???i nhi??n li???u ??en n??y. Nhi???u nh?? ?????u t?? t?? nh??n c??ng ???? kh??ng c??n m???n m??. Song c??c ch??nh ph??? v???n c?? ?? ?????nh ti???p t???c h??? tr??? m???nh m??? ng??nh than.

M???c ti??u th??? than ??? ch??u ??.

K???t qu??? b???u c??? ??? hai bang ????ng ?????c

M???t n???i lo l???n tr?????c cu???c b???u c??? ??? hai ti???u bang ????ng ?????c l?? ?????ng c???c h???u L???a ch???n kh??c cho n?????c ?????c (AfD) s??? chi???n th???ng ??? m???t ho???c c??? hai bang. Tuy nhi??n, phe trung dung ???? chi???n th???ng. K???t qu??? s?? b??? ??? Brandenburg cho th???y ?????ng D??n ch??? X?? h???i (SPD) c???m quy???n ???? bu???c AfD xu???ng v??? tr?? th??? hai; c??n t???i Sachsen, ?????ng D??n ch??? Thi??n ch??a gi??o (CDU) gi??nh chi???n th???ng v???ng ch???c. ??i???u ???? s??? gi??p t??ng c?????ng l??ng tin v??o ????????i li??n minh??? gi???a SPD v?? CDU trong ch??nh ph??? li??n bang ?????c.

Tuy nhi??n, vi???c th??nh t??ch c???a AfD ??? hai bang mi???n ????ng n??m nay t???t h??n nhi???u so v???i c??c cu???c b???u c??? tr?????c ???? v??o n??m 2014 xem ra kh??ng ph???i l?? tin t???t l??nh. Vi???c n??y s??? bu???c c??c ?????ng c???m quy???n ??? c??? hai bang ph???i th??nh l???p c??c li??n minh l???n, k??m linh ho???t ????? lo???i AfD ra kh???i quy???n l???c, cho ph??p ?????ng n??y t??? th??? hi???n m??nh tr?????c c??ng ch??ng nh?? l?? s??? thay th??? kh??? d?? duy nh???t. V?? n?? c??ng g???i ?? r???ng, g???n 30 n??m sau khi b???c t?????ng Berlin s???p ?????, kho???ng c??ch gi???a ????ng v?? t??y v???n c??n r???t l???n.

V??ng thu??? quan m???i c?? hi???u l???c

V??o ng??y 1 th??ng 9 cu???c chi???n th????ng m???i M???-Trung leo l??n m???t n???c thang m???i. M???c thu??? m???i 15% ?????i v???i h??ng nh???p kh???u tr??? gi?? kho???ng 112 t??? USD t??? Trung Qu???c c???a ch??nh quy???n Trump, bao g???m c??? qu???n ??o v?? gi??y d??p, b???t ?????u c?? hi???u l???c; Trung Qu???c ????nh tr???  b???ng thu??? quan ?????i v???i s??? h??ng h??a tr??? gi?? 29 t??? ???? la, bao g???m 3 t??? ???? la nh???p kh???u x??ng d???u. M???c d?? v??ng thu??? quan m???i nh???t n??y s??? t??c ?????ng t???i ng?????i ti??u d??ng M??? song nh???ng bi???n ?????i v??? gi?? c??? c?? th??? c???n m???t th???i gian n???a m???i th???y ???????c v?? ph???i m???t nhi???u tu???n h??ng h??a m???i ???????c chuy???n t??? t??u l??n k??? h??ng.

Ch??nh quy???n Trump d?????ng nh?? r???t b??nh t??m. Hai b??n ??ang trao ?????i v?? d??? ?????nh s??? g???p nhau v??o cu???i th??ng n??y. N???u h??? kh??ng ?????t ???????c th???a thu???n th?? hai ?????t thu??? quan n???a s??? ??i v??o hi???u l???c, ?????t ?????u ti??n v??o ng??y 1 th??ng 10 v?? sau ???? l?? ng??y 15 th??ng 12. ??i???u ????ng lo ng???i l?? xung ?????t c?? th??? lan r???ng ra ngo??i l??nh v???c thu??? quan, lan sang c??c l???nh c???m ?????i v???i c??c giao d???ch kinh doanh n??i chung. D?? m???i th??? ???? r???t t???, v???n c??n d?? ?????a ????? ch??ng tr??? n??n t???i t??? h??n.

Argentina ki???m so??t ti???n t???

Trong m???t n??? l???c nh???m ng??n ch???n s??? s???p ????? m???nh h??n n???a c???a ?????ng peso, ch??nh ph??? Mauricio Macri ???? ban h??nh m???t ngh??? ?????nh v??o Ch??? nh???t h???n ch??? vi???c ng?????i d??n mua ???? la M??? v?? b???t bu???c c??c nh?? xu???t kh???u ph???i ?????i c??c kho???n thu b???ng ?????ng ???? la trong t????ng lai sang ?????ng peso. K??? t??? th??? Hai, khi c??c ng??n h??ng s??? m??? c???a th??m gi???, c??c c?? nh??n s??? ???????c ph??p mua t???i ??a 10.000 ???? la m???t th??ng trong khi c??c c??ng ty s??? b??? bu???c ph???i ?????i ???? la l???y peso.

S???c l???nh n??y, theo ????? xu???t c???a ch??nh ph??? tr?????c ???? nh???m b???o v??? ?????ng peso b???ng c??ch b??n t???i 5 t??? ???? la M??? m???i ng??y k??? t??? th??? Hai, cho th???y ch??nh ph??? c???a ??ng Macri ??ang quy???t t??m ng??n ???? m???t gi?? c???a ?????ng peso. ?????ng ti???n n??y ???? m???t gi?? h??n 25% t??? khi ??ng Macri b??? ????nh b???i b???i phe ?????i l???p d??n t??y trong cu???c b??? phi???u s?? b??? v??o th??ng T??m. H???n ??ng Macri c???m th???y r???t cay ?????ng khi ph???i ki???m so??t ti???n t??? tr??? l???i. ??ng t???ng b??i b??? bi???n ph??p n??y khi l??n c???m quy???n h???i n??m 2015.

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