L?? Du???n v?? b??i h???c t??? Trung Qu???c

Chủ nhật - 23/06/2019 23:05
Tr?????c hi???p ?????nh Geneva, c??ng nh?? nhi???u nh?? l??nh ?????o c???a Vi???t Nam kh??c, ??ng h???ng tin Trung Qu???c l?? ng?????i anh em, ?????ng ch?? c???t ru???t c???a c??ch m???ng Vi???t Nam. Tuy nh???ng n??m 1951 ??? 1952, t???i chi???n khu Nam B???, L?? Du???n t???ng c???m truy???n b?? ??????????ng l???i v??n ngh??? Di??n An??? c???a Mao Tr???ch ????ng, nh??ng ???? ch??? l?? v?? nh???n th???y ?????y l?? ???????ng l???i sai l???m ch??? kh??ng ph???i ???? nghi ng??? g?? b???ng d??? c???a ??ng anh l??ng gi???ng. Nh??ng khi Hi???p ?????nh Geneva ???????c k?? k???t, L?? Du???n m???i v??? l??? Trung Qu???c kh??ng ch??? sai l???m v??? ???????ng l???i c??ch m???ng m?? c??n l?? k??? ph???n tr???c ????ng khinh b???.
L?? Du???n v?? b??i h???c t??? Trung Qu???c

Trang ch??? ?? 

"L?? Du???n r???t b???o ch??a
V??n h??a ch??? i t???
Nh??ng d??m ch???ng T??u ph???
B???n chu???t ph???i t??n th???!"

????? Ho??ng

L?? Du???n v?? b??i h???c t??? Trung Qu???c

15/02/2019

Tr?????c hi???p ?????nh Geneva, c??ng nh?? nhi???u nh?? l??nh ?????o c???a Vi???t Nam kh??c, ??ng h???ng tin Trung Qu???c l?? ng?????i anh em, ?????ng ch?? c???t ru???t c???a c??ch m???ng Vi???t Nam. Tuy nh???ng n??m 1951 ??? 1952, t???i chi???n khu Nam B???, L?? Du???n t???ng c???m truy???n b?? ??????????ng l???i v??n ngh??? Di??n An??? c???a Mao Tr???ch ????ng, nh??ng ???? ch??? l?? v?? nh???n th???y ?????y l?? ???????ng l???i sai l???m ch??? kh??ng ph???i ???? nghi ng??? g?? b???ng d??? c???a ??ng anh l??ng gi???ng. Nh??ng khi Hi???p ?????nh Geneva ???????c k?? k???t, L?? Du???n m???i v??? l??? Trung Qu???c kh??ng ch??? sai l???m v??? ???????ng l???i c??ch m???ng m?? c??n l?? k??? ph???n tr???c ????ng khinh b???.


C??? T???ng b?? th?? L?? Du???n

Hi???p ?????nh Geneva th??ng 7 n??m 1954 l?? m???t c???t m???c l???ch s??? quan tr???ng trong cu???c ?????u tranh l??u d??i, gian kh?? c???a nh??n d??n ta gi??nh ?????c l???p, t??? do cho T??? qu???c trong th??? k??? XX??? ????? l???i nhi???u b??i h???c kinh nghi???m qu?? b??u cho to??n ?????ng, to??n d??n v?? to??n qu??n ta trong c??ng cu???c x??y d???ng v?? b???o v??? T??? qu???c h??m nay v?? mai sau

Theo Nguy???n Ch??? t???ch n?????c Tr????ng T???n Sang, b??i h???c l???n nh???t t??? Geneva l?? ???Trong t??nh h??nh qu???c t??? h???t s???c ph???c t???p, c??c n?????c l???n chi ph???i c??c quan h??? qu???c t???, c???n ph???i n??u cao tinh th???n ?????c l???p, t??? ch???, ki??n tr?? b???o v??? l???i ??ch qu???c gia, d??n t???c; ki??n ?????nh v??? nguy??n t???c, linh ho???t, m???m d???o v??? s??ch l?????c, ???d?? b???t bi???n, ???ng v???n bi???n??? theo t?? t?????ng H??? Ch?? Minh???.

M???t trong nh???ng ng?????i l??nh ?????o ?????ng ta th???y ???????c s???m nh???t, th???m th??a s??u s???c nh???t b??i h???c n??y, th???m th??a ?????n ??au ?????n, qu???n th???t, l?? L?? Du???n, l??c ???y ??ang l?? B?? th?? Trung ????ng c???c mi???n Nam.

Tr?????c hi???p ?????nh Geneva, c??ng nh?? nhi???u nh?? l??nh ?????o c???a Vi???t Nam kh??c, ??ng h???ng tin Trung Qu???c l?? ng?????i anh em, ?????ng ch?? c???t ru???t c???a c??ch m???ng Vi???t Nam. Tuy nh???ng n??m 1951 ??? 1952, t???i chi???n khu Nam B???, L?? Du???n t???ng c???m truy???n b?? ??????????ng l???i v??n ngh??? Di??n An??? c???a Mao Tr???ch ????ng, nh??ng ???? ch??? l?? v?? nh???n th???y ?????y l?? ???????ng l???i sai l???m ch??? kh??ng ph???i ???? nghi ng??? g?? b???ng d??? c???a ??ng anh l??ng gi???ng. Nh??ng khi Hi???p ?????nh Geneva ???????c k?? k???t, L?? Du???n m???i v??? l??? Trung Qu???c kh??ng ch??? sai l???m v??? ???????ng l???i c??ch m???ng m?? c??n l?? k??? ph???n tr???c ????ng khinh b???.

Theo ??ng L?? Ki??n Th??nh, con trai L?? Du???n, khi hi???p ?????nh Geneva ???????c k?? k???t l?? l??c ??ng L?? Du???n ??ang tr??n ???????ng t??? Nam B??? ra B???c b??o c??o v???i B??c H??? v?? Trung ????ng t??nh h??nh to??n mi???n Nam v?? ????? ngh??? nh???ng v???n ????? quan tr???ng ph???c v??? cho cu???c ????m ph??n ??? Geneva. Nh??ng ra ?????n Li??n Khu 5, ??ng b???t ng??? ???????c tin hi???p ?????nh Geneva ???? k?? k???t ng??y 21/7/1954. B???t ng??? h??n l?? khi ??ng bi???t c??c n???i dung c??? th??? c???a hi???p ?????nh c??ng nh?? nh???ng th??ng tin v??? H???i ngh??? Geneva.

?????i v???i L?? Du???n, tuy ta ???? ?????t th???ng l???i ??em ?????n h??a b??nh, bu???c c??c n?????c l???n c??ng nh???n ?????c l???p ch??? quy???n, to??n v???n l??nh th???, cam k???t kh??ng can thi???p v??o n???i tr??? c???a n?????c ta nh??ng c??i gi?? c???a th???ng l???i n??y l?? qu?? ?????t.

??? th???i ??i???m k?? hi???p ?????nh, ta ???? ki???m so??t ph???n l???n c??c ?????a ph????ng Nam b???, Ph??p ch??? c??n gi??? ???????c m???t s??? ???? th???, ??? mi???n Trung v?? T??y Nguy??n c??ng v???y, c??n ??? mi???n B???c ta chi???n th???ng ch???n ?????ng ??? ??i???n Bi??n, Th???c d??n Ph??p v?? ch??nh quy???n tay sai ??ang h???t s???c hoang mang r???u r??, th???i c?? ???? r???ng m???, L?? Du???n mu???n th???a th???ng x???c t???i gi???i ph??ng ho??n to??n ?????t n?????c.

B???i v???y, n???u c???n n?? tr??nh s??? can thi???p nguy hi???m M???, bu???t ph???i k?? hi???p ?????nh ????nh chi???n, L?? Du???n mu???n Hi???p ?????nh ph???i th??? hi???n ???????c ??u th??? c???a ta tr??n th???c t???, ??ng ki??n quy???t ph???n ?????i vi???c chia c???t ?????t n?????c v?? n???u t???m th???i ch???p nh???n vi???c n??y th?? gi???i tuy???n ph???i ??? v?? tuy???n 13 ch??? kh??ng ph???i ??? s??ng B???n H???i tr??n v?? tuy???n 17. R?? r??ng, v?? l???i ??ch c???a m??nh, ???anh hai??? c???a phe XHCN ???? ?????i ????m??? v???i Ph??p, ????nh l???a ???anh c?????? Li??n x?? ????? tr???ng tr???n ??p Vi???t Nam ch???p nh???n m???t s??? ??i???u kho???n r???t b???t l???i, ?????c bi???t l?? vi???c ph??n chia l??nh th??? trong hi???p ?????nh.

Ng?????i ta k??? r???ng, sau khi c?? nh???ng th??ng tin ch??nh th???c v??? Hi???p ?????nh Geneva, L?? Du???n ???? th???c tr???ng ????m 21/7/1954, v?? sau ???? 18 n??m, n??m 1972, trong m???t cu???c trao ?????i v???i Chu ??n Lai, nh???c l???i Hi???p ?????nh Geneva 1954, L?? Du???n ???? th???ng th???n n??i r??: ????? Geneva 1954, Trung Qu???c c??c anh ???? b??n ?????ng ch??ng t??i tr??n b??n ????m ph??n???.

Ngay sau ????, L?? Du???n nh???n ???????c ??i???n c???a B??c H??? ????? ngh??? quay tr??? l???i Nam B??? th???c hi???n c??ng t??c tuy??n truy???n gi???i th??ch, thuy???t ph???c b??? ?????i c??n b??? v?? ?????ng b??o Nam B??? ch???p h??nh nghi??m ch???nh ch??? th??? c???a B??c, c???a Trung ????ng v?? Ch??nh ph??? trong v???n ????? ????nh chi???n v?? t???p k???t theo Hi???p ?????nh Geneva. Tr??n ???????ng tr??? l???i Nam B??? b???ng xe th??? m???, ???????c c??n b??? ?????ng b??o c??c ?????a ph????ng vui m???ng ch??o ????n nh?? m???t s??? gi??? c???a h??a b??nh v?? chi???n th???ng, L?? Du???n ???? nhi???u l???n b???t kh??c.

??ng hi???u, c??n b??? v?? ?????ng b??o mi???n Nam ch??a l?????ng ???????c nh???ng th??? th??ch gh?? g???m ??ang ch??? ?????i m??nh ??? ph??a tr?????c. Vi???c M??? v?? ng???y quy???n S??i G??n kh??ng ch???u k?? hi???p ?????nh c??ng nh?? s??? m???p m??? v??? th???i ??i???m v?? c??ch th???c t??? ch???c t???ng tuy???n c??? th???ng nh???t ?????t n?????c trong Hi???p ?????nh Geneva ???? cho th???y s??? kh??ng bao gi??? c?? t???ng tuy???n c???, ch???c ch???n ?????t n?????c s??? b??? chia c???t kh??ng ch??? l?? 2 n??m m?? c?? th??? ?????n 20 n??m v?? ch???c ch???n s??? ph???i t???n r???t nhi???u m??u x????ng m???i c?? th??? th???ng nh???t l???i ?????t n?????c.

Nh???ng ng??y ch??? ?????o th???c hi???n Hi???p ?????nh Geneva t???i Nam b??? trong 1954 ??? 1955 l?? nh???ng ng??y r???t n???ng n??? ?????i v???i L?? Du???n, ??ng t???ng k??? r???ng ??ng kh??ng bi???t n??i sao v???i ?????ng ch?? ?????ng b??o khi c?? ng?????i h???i: T???i sao ?????ng, Ch??nh ph??? v?? C??? H??? l???i b??? mi???n Nam l???i cho b?? l?? M??? Di???m? Ch??nh v?? th???, L?? Du???n ???? xin B??c H??? cho ??ng ???????c ??? l???i mi???n Nam c??ng ?????ng b??o ?????ng ch?? chu???n b??? cho m???t cu???c chi???n ?????u l??u d??i v?? khi ti???n L?? ?????c Th??? ra B???c t???p k???t tr??n b???n C?? Mau, L?? Du???n ???? nh???n g???i m???t c??u n???i ti???ng: ???Anh ra n??i v???i B??c, c?? th??? 20 n??m n???a t??i m???i ???????c g???p l???i B??c??????

??ng L?? Ki??n Th??nh nh???n x??t: ???B??i h???c l???n nh???t m?? cha t??i nh???n ???????c t??? hi???p ?????nh Geneva l?? kh??ng bao gi??? ????? v???n m???nh ?????t n?????c, d??n t???c n???m trong tay ng?????i kh??c, ????? ng?????i kh??c quy???t ?????nh???.

C?? th??? th???y b??i h???c n??y ???? th???c t???nh L?? Du???n v??? gi?? tr??? c???a s??? ?????c l???p t??? ch??? c???a c??ch m???ng Vi???t Nam, c???a ?????t n?????c Vi???t Nam, ngay v???i c??? nh???ng ng?????i v???n ???????c coi l?? anh em ?????ng ch??, ?????c bi???t l?? s??? th???c t???nh v??? d?? t??m truy???n ki???p c???a gi???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c v???i n?????c ta, b???t k??? h??? l?? phong ki???n hay c???ng s???n.

S??? th???c t???nh ???y ???? gi??p L?? Du??n r???t nhi???u khi ??ng gi??? c????ng v??? B?? th?? th??? nh???t r???i T???ng B?? th?? Ban ch???p h??nh Trung ????ng ?????ng, trong su???t 26 n??m, trong t??nh h??nh th??? gi???i ph???c t???p ch???ng k??m b??y gi??? v???i s??? chi ph???i c???a c??c n?????c l???n.

?????c bi???t, trong nh???ng n??m kh??ng chi???n ch???ng M???, L?? Du???n th???t t??i t??nh khi v???n tranh th??? ???????c s??? gi??p ????? to l???n, li??n t???c c???a Li??n x??, Trung Qu???c m?? kh??ng ????? b??? l??? thu???c v??o c??c n?????c l???n n??y. Nh???t l?? ?????i v???i Trung Qu???c, L?? Du???n hi???u r?? h??? gi??p ta ????nh M??? kh??ng ch??? v?? ???tinh th???n qu???c t??? v?? s???n??? m?? ch??? y???u l?? ????? b???o v??? quy???n l???i b???n th??n v?? s???n s??ng hy sinh ta khi ta tr??? th??nh v???t c???n c??c tham v???ng c???a h???

. B???i lu??n th?????ng tr???c m???t tinh th???n c???nh gi??c cao ????? v???i Trung Qu???c n??n L?? Du???n lu??n tho??t ???????c nh???ng c??i b???y th??m hi???m m?? Trung Qu???c gi??ng ra kh???ng ch??? n?????c ta. ??ng ???? ki??n quy???t kh??ng ?????ng ?? khi Mao nh??n danh vi???c gi??p ta ????nh M??? m?? ng??? l???i ????a 2 v???n qu??n v??o l??m ???????ng chi???n l?????c t??? Ngh??? T??nh v??o Nam.

??ng c??ng ki??n quy???t kh??ng cho Trung Qu???c d??nh d??ng v??o cu???c ????m ph??n Paris, m???c cho Mao b???t tay v???i N??ch X??n ????? M??? th???a s???c ????nh ph?? mi???n B???c Vi???t Nam b???i L?? Du???n kh??ng th??? ????? H???i ngh??? Paris th??nh m???t H???i ngh??? Geneva l???n th??? hai m?? ph???i l?? n??i Vi???t Nam c?? th??? ho??n to??n ch??? ?????ng quy???t ?????nh v???n m???nh c???a ?????t n?????c m??nh.

L?? ng?????i th???u hi???u d??n t???c m??nh, d??n t???c Trung Hoa c??ng nh?? m???i quan h??? Vi???t ???Trung qua bao th??ng tr???m bi???n thi??n l???ch s???, L?? Du???n v???n th?????ng n??u ra vi???c Trung Qu???c t???ng ???? h??? Vi???t Nam su???t 1.000 n??m m?? kh??ng ?????ng h??a ???????c d??n t???c ta trong khi m???t s??? d??n t???c kh??c b??? ?????ng h??a r???t d??? d??ng ch??? sau v??i tr??m n??m chung s???ng v???i Trung Qu???c ????? kh???ng ?????nh ?? ch?? ?????c l???p t??? ch??? kh??ng g?? khu???t ph???c ???????c c???a d??n t???c ta v?? s???c m???nh v?? song c???a n???n v??n h??a Vi???t Nam.

L?? Du???n c??ng nh???n th???y, tuy n?????c ta l?? m???t n?????c nh???, Trung Qu???c l?? m???t n?????c kh???ng l??? nh??ng ????ng nh?? ???B??nh Ng?? ?????i c??o??? c???a Nguy???n Tr??i: ???Nh?? n?????c ?????i Vi???t ta t??? tr?????c/V???n x??ng n???n v??n hi???n ???? l??u /T??? Tri???u, ??inh, L??, Tr???n bao ?????i x??y n???n ?????c l???p/C??ng H??n, ???????ng, T???ng, Nguy??n m???i b??n h??ng c??? m???t ph????ng???, d??n t???c Vi???t Nam lu??n r???t t??? tin khi ?????ng tr?????c Trung Qu???c.

C?? l???n, ??ng kh??ng ng???n ng???i nh???c Mao Tr???ch ????ng r???ng ng?????i Vi???t Nam t???ng ????nh b???i c??c ?????i qu??n h??ng m???nh nh???t ?????n t??? Trung Qu???c nh?? Nguy??n, Minh, Thanh v?? s???n s??ng chi???n th???ng c??? c??c ?????i qu??n c???a Mao Ch??? t???ch n???u nh?? h??? ?????n Vi???t Nam nh?? nh???ng k??? x??m l?????c. L?? Du???n c??ng t???ng n??i trong l??nh ?????o ?????ng ta r???ng mu???n ????nh th???ng M??? kh??ng nh???ng c???n kh??ng s??? M??? m?? c??n kh??ng ???????c s??? c??? Trung Qu???c, Li??n x??. C?? ng?????i trong l??nh ?????o ?????ng ta l??c ???? ???? ph???n ?????i ?? ki???n n??y c???a T???ng B?? th??, nh??ng th???c t??? ???? ch???ng minh ???? l?? ?? ki???n r???t s??ng su???t c???a L?? Du???n.

T??? nh???ng n??m ch???ng M???, ch??nh c??? TBT L?? Du???n ???? ti??n ??o??n sau khi ch??ng ta th???ng M??? th?? n???n ?????c l???p t??? do c???a ?????t n?????c s??? ?????i di???n v???i m???t k??? th?? m???i v?? k??? ???y kh??ng ??? ????u xa, m?? ch??nh l?? ??ng b???n l??ng gi???ng ???n??i li???n n??i, s??ng li???n s??ng??? quen thu???c. B???i v???y, ??ng kh??ng h??? b???t ng??? v???i cu???c chi???n tranh x??m l?????c ?????t n?????c ta do Trung Qu???c k???t h???p v???i Kh?? me ????? ph??t ?????ngt??? hai ?????u ?????t n?????c n??m 1978- 1979.

??ng ???? l?? ng?????i ch??? huy t???i cao ki??n c?????ng, v???ng v??ng, ki??n ?????nh gi???a nh???ng th??? th??ch kh?? kh??n t?????ng kh??ng th??? v?????t qua, c??ng to??n ?????ng to??n qu??n to??n d??n ????nh ??u???i c??? tri???u qu??n x??m l?????c B???c Kinh ra kh???i b??? c??i, b???o v??? s??? to??n v???n l??nh th??? c???a ?????t n?????cch??? sau g???n m???t th??ng ch??ng tr??n ng???p l??nh th??? n?????c ta

Tuy th???, L?? Du???n v???n lu??n lu??n nh???c nh??? c??n b??? chi???n s?? ta ph???i nh??? t???i s??? gi??p ????? c???a Trung Qu???c v???i c??ch m???ng Vi???t Nam trong kh??ng chi???n ch???ng Ph??p v?? ch???ng M???, kh??ng bao gi??? ???????c c??m gh??t ?????t n?????c Trung Qu???c, nh??n d??n Trung Qu???c, ph???i t??m m???i c?? h???i vun ?????p t??nh h???u ngh??? Vi???t Nam ??? Trung Hoa.

Th???t c???m ?????ng v?? th???t ????ng kh??m ph???c khi ta nghe L?? Du???n n??i nh???ng l???i n??y ngay sau cu???c chi???n Vi???t ??? Trung 1979, ?????y t??? tin m?? qu?? nh??n h???u, l???i r???t th???u t??nh ?????t l??: ???C??c ?????ng ch?? c?? th???y ai ??? trong ?????ng ta, trong nh??n d??n ta ho??i nghi r???ng ta s??? thua Trung Qu???c kh??ng? Kh??ng c?? ai, t???t nhi??n r???i. Nh??ng ch??ng ta ph???i duy tr?? nh???ng quan h??? th??n h???u c???a m??nh. Ch??ng ta kh??ng mu???n s??? h???n th?? d??n t???c.

Ch??ng ta kh??ng c?? th??? t??nh c???m nh?? v???y, d?? ch??nh h??? l?? ng?????i ???? ????nh ta. Nh??n d??n Vi???t Nam ta l?? nh?? v???y. T??i s??? ti???p t???c nh???c l???i r???ng: d?? quan h??? Vi???t ??? Trung c?? b??? gi???i l??nh ?????o B???c Kinh l??m cho t???i t??? ?????n ????u ch??ng n???a, ch??ng ta ph???i bi???t r???ng nh??n d??n Trung Qu???c m??i m??i l?? b???n ta. Gi???i l??nh ?????o B???c Kinh ch??? l?? m???t thi???u s??? m?? th??i??????

Nguy???n Th??? Khoa
P/v theo V??n Hi???n

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