Jimmy Lai: T??? ph?? H???ng K??ng duy nh???t d??m ?????i ?????u B???c Kinh

Chủ nhật - 01/09/2019 20:09
M???i s??? b???t ?????u khi ??ng tr??m kinh doanh H???ng K??ng ??? m???t ng?????i t??? n???n t??? Trung Qu???c ??? t??? thay ?????i m??nh t??? gi???a nh???ng n??m 1990 th??nh nh?? s??ng l???p c???a t??? b??o khi??u kh??ch, ch???ng B???c Kinh, c?? t??n g???i Apple Daily (B??nh qu??? Nh???t b??o, hay Nh???t b??o Tr??i t??o).
Jimmy Lai: T??? ph?? H???ng K??ng duy nh???t d??m ?????i ?????u B???c Kinh

Jimmy Lai: T??? ph?? H???ng K??ng duy nh???t d??m ?????i ?????u B???c Kinh

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Ngu???n: ???Why pro-democracy troublemaker Jimmy Lai is the only Hong Kong multi-millionaire standing up to China???, CNN, 28/08/2019.

Bi??n d???ch: ????? ?????ng Nh???t Huy | Bi??n t???p: L?? H???ng Hi???p

Jimmy Lai (L?? Tr?? Anh) ???? tr??? th??nh t??m ??i???m c???a c??ng lu???n trong nhi???u th???p ni??n qua.

M???i s??? b???t ?????u khi ??ng tr??m kinh doanh H???ng K??ng ??? m???t ng?????i t??? n???n t??? Trung Qu???c ??? t??? thay ?????i m??nh t??? gi???a nh???ng n??m 1990 th??nh nh?? s??ng l???p c???a t??? b??o khi??u kh??ch, ch???ng B???c Kinh, c?? t??n g???i Apple Daily (B??nh qu??? Nh???t b??o, hay Nh???t b??o Tr??i t??o).

M???t trong nh???ng qu???ng c??o gi???i thi???u t??? b??o v???i th??? gi???i mi??u t??? quan ??i???m c???a Lai theo c??ch th???ng th???ng nh???t: B???ng h??nh ???nh ??ng Lai ng???i trong nh?? kho t???i v???i m???t tr??i t??o ????? tr??n ?????u, b??? m???t ng?????i ????n ??ng trong b??ng t???i b???n t??n lo???n x??? v??o ng?????i.

K??? t??? ????, vai tr?? c???a ??ng Lai nh?? m???t ng?????i k??ch ?????ng qu???n ch??ng ??? H???ng K??ng ???? ??e d???a ?????n s???n nghi???p c???a ??ng, mang t???i cho ??ng nh???ng m???i nguy ?????n t??nh m???ng v?? bi???n ??ng th??nh bi???u t?????ng c???a c??ng th???ng gi???a th??nh ph??? n??y v?? ?????i l???c

Khi Anh trao tr??? H???ng K??ng cho Trung Qu???c v??o n??m 1997, th??nh ph??? n??y ???????c b???o ?????m m???t h??? th???ng lu???t ph??p ri??ng v?? c??c quy???n t??? do d??n ch??? nh???t ?????nh cho ?????n n??m 2047, khi m?? th??nh ph??? s??? ho??n to??n ???????c trao cho Trung Qu???c. Trong v??ng 3 th??ng qua, h??ng tri???u ng?????i ???? tr??n ng???p c??c ???????ng cao t???c c???a H???ng K??ng trong c??c cu???c bi???u t??nh ch???ng l???i s??? x??m ph???m c???a B???c Kinh ?????i v???i nh???ng quy???n t??? do ????ng qu?? ???y.

Apple Daily tr??? th??nh t??m ??i???m c???a m???i s??? ch?? ?? t??? phong tr??o n??y. T??? b??o c???a nh???ng ng?????i bi???u t??nh. Trang nh???t c???a b??o k??u g???i ng?????i d??n xu???ng ???????ng, b??o c??ng in c??c poster m?? nh???ng ng?????i bi???u t??nh c???m khi tu???n h??nh, v?? th?????ng xuy??n ch??m bi???m c??c sai l???m c???a ch??nh ph???.

Trong m???t th??nh ph??? c???a c??c nh?? t??i phi???t, ??ng Lai l?? t??? ph?? duy nh???t ch???p nh???n m???o hi???m s??? t??i s???n c???a m??nh v?? t??? do c???a H???ng K??ng. Ng?????i ????n ??ng 70 tu???i n??y th?????ng xuy??n ???????c nh??n th???y ??? c??c cu???c xu???ng ???????ng, b???t k??? m??a n???ng h???t hay tr???i h?? ????? n???ng.

?????i v???i nh???ng ng?????i ???ng h??? ??ng, ??ng Lai l?? m???t nh?? ?????u tranh cho d??n ch??? d??ng c???m. C??n nh???ng ng?????i ch??? tr??ch ??ng th?? g???i ??ng v?? t??? b??o gi???t g??n c???a ??ng l?? tay sai c???a M??? v?? l?? ngu???n c??n g??y h???n lo???n. Trong nh???ng n??m g???n ????y, bi???t th??? c???a ??ng ???? b??? ?????t bom, m???t b???n c??o ph?? n??i ??ng ???? ch???t v?? b???nh AIDS ???????c ????ng tr??n m???t t??? b??o ?????i th???, trong khi c??c kho???n t??i tr??? ch??nh tr??? c???a ??ng ???? khi???n ??ng tr??? th??nh ?????i t?????ng c???a m???t cu???c ??i???u tra ch???ng tham nh??ng. ??ng Lai b??c b??? c??c c??o bu???c, v?? cu???c ??i???u tra n??y cu???i c??ng b??? ch???m d???t.

Jimmy Lai g???p Ph?? T???ng th???ng M??? Mike Pence, th??ng 7/2019.

Vi???c ??ng Lai c?? quan h??? v???i Hoa K??? l?? kh??ng th??? ch???i c??i. Th??ng tr?????c, ??ng bay ?????n Washington ????? th???o lu???n v???i Ph?? T???ng th???ng Mike Pence, Ngo???i tr?????ng Mike Pompeo v?? C??? v???n An ninh Qu???c gia John Bolton v??? t???m quan tr???ng c???a n???n t??? do Hong Kong trong b???i c???nh c???nh tranh M???-Trung.

???Cu???c Chi???n tranh L???nh (m???i) th???t ra l?? cu???c c???nh tranh v??? c??c gi?? tr??? ?????i ngh???ch??? ??ng Lai n??i, mi??u t??? cu???c th????ng chi???n M??? ??? Trung hi???n t???i l?? cu???c ?????u tranh gi???a n???n d??n ch??? v?? ch??? ngh??a chuy??n ch???. ???Ch??ng t??i ??? H???ng K??ng ??ang ?????u tranh ch???ng l???i Trung Qu???c v?? nh???ng gi?? tr??? c??ng ???????c chia s??? b???i n?????c M???. Ch??ng t??i ??ang chi???n ?????u cu???c chi???n c???a h??? ngay trong l??ng k??? th??.???

???? l?? cu???c chi???n m?? v?? n?? ??ng n??i ??ng s???n s??ng hi sinh t??nh m???ng c???a m??nh.

M???t ng?????i t??? n???n Trung Qu???c

??ng Lai ???? tr???i qua m???t cu???c ?????i v?? c??ng ?????c bi???t t???i th???i ??i???m ??ng th??nh l???p Next Digital, t???p ??o??n s??? h???u Apple Daily, v??o nh???ng n??m 1980.

Khi n???n ????i t???n c??ng ?????i l???c v??o n??m 1960, ??ng Lai tr???n kh???i t???nh Qu???ng ????ng v?? ?????n H???ng K??ng d?????i ????y khoang m???t t??u c??. ??ng ?????n th??nh ph??? n??y l??c 12 tu???i v?? ngh??o ki???t x??c.

Lai n??i ??ng l??m ch??n ch???y vi???c ??? m???t nh?? m??y d???t may, ki???m 60 HKD (7 USD) m???t th??ng v?? s???ng trong m???t c??n nh?? c??ng 10 ng?????i kh??c t???i khu ??? chu???t Sham Shui Po ??? ?????n nay v???n l?? m???t trong nh???ng qu???n ngh??o nh???t H???ng K??ng.

X?????ng may Hollywood Knitwear t???i Kwun Tong v??o nh???ng n??m 1970 khi ng??nh d???t may Hong Kong ??ang b??ng n???.

Khi ???????c h???i v??? ng??y ?????u ti??n c???a m??nh, ??ng h???i t?????ng c??ch m?? c??c ?????ng nghi???p ????a ??ng ??i ??n s??ng. ???????c gi???i tho??t kh???i ???n???i lo ch???t ????i??? th???t ????ng nh???, ??ng Lai n??i ???S??? t??? do ???y l?? c???m nh???n ?????u ti??n c???a t??i v??? H???ng K??ng v?? n?? ch??a t???ng l??m t??i th???t v???ng.??? ??ng ti???p l???i, ???Ch??a t???ng, ?????n t???n b??y gi???!???

Sau khi ?????ng C???ng s???n l??n n???m quy???n ??? Trung Qu???c v??o n??m 1949, d??n s??? H???ng K??ng ???? t??ng th??m 1.000 ng?????i m???i ng??y trong nh???ng n??m 1950 khi nh???ng ng?????i di c?? Trung Qu???c tr??n qua bi??n gi???i. H???u h???t l?? nh???ng ng?????i s???ng s??t ???t??o b???o v?? c?? ??c kinh doanh??? c??ng nh?? s???n s??ng ch???p nh???n r???i ro, ??ng Lai nh??? l???i. Ch??? g??i sinh ????i c???a ??ng l?? m???t trong nh???ng ng?????i ???????c g???i l?? ???k??nh ng?? t??? do???, theo ngh??a ??en, b???i b?? ???? b??i t??? Trung Qu???c ?????n th??nh ph??? n??y. B?? ti???p t???c tr??? th??nh m???t nh?? ph??t tri???n b???t ?????ng s???n l???n ??? Canada.

???H???ng K??ng l?? v??ng ?????t c???a c??c c?? h???i,??? ??ng Lai k??? v??? th???i ???y.

Trong v??ng hai th???p ni??n, ??ng h???c ti???ng Anh, tr???i qua c??c c??ng vi???c ??? nh?? m??y cho ?????n nh??n vi??n b??n h??ng v?? quy???t ?????nh th??nh l???p chu???i b??n l??? c???a ri??ng m??nh. Trong m???t chuy???n ??i ?????n New York ????? xem th??? m???u v???i, ??ng mua m???t chi???c pizza. In tr??n t??? kh??n gi???y l?? c??i t??n Giordano.

C??i t??n n??y r???i s??? tr??? th??nh th????ng hi???u c???a chu???i c???a h??ng th???i trang nam n???i ti???ng, th??nh c??ng v?????t b???c, ??em l???i gia t??i ?????u ti??n cho ??ng.

???T??i ???? ngu ng???c ?????n n???i cho r???ng n???u t??i g???i n?? l?? Giordano, m???i ng?????i s??? ngh?? r???ng n?? l?? m???t th????ng hi???u Italia,??? ??ng n??i. Nh??ng n?? hi???u qu??? th???t. ?????n n??m 1992, t???p ??o??n c?? h??n 191 c???a h??ng, h???ng n??m s???n xu???t 9 tri???u ????n v??? h??ng may m???c v?? c?? doanh thu 1,6 t??? HKD (211 tri???u USD).

Ng?????i mua s???m ??i qua m???t c???a h??ng Giordano v??o m???t ng??y m??a t???i Hong Kong, 2005.

?????ng ???y l?? m???t huy???n tho???i n???u x??t nh???ng th??nh c??ng kinh doanh c???a ??ng ???y,??? Clement So, ph?? ch??? nhi???m khoa b??o ch?? t???i ?????i h???c Trung v??n H???ng K??ng, n??i. ???Kh??ng ch??? v?? nh???ng ??i???u m?? ??ng ???? l??m trong ng??nh truy???n th??ng m?? c??n ??? c??c ng??nh c??ng nghi???p kh??c n???a.???

Vi???c l??m ??n th???i ???y ??ang b??ng n???, song c?? hai ??i???u x???y ra v??o cu???i th???p ni??n 1980 ???? r??? h?????ng cu???c ?????i ??ng Lai.

??i???u ?????u ti??n l?? v??o ng??y 4/6/1989, xe t??ng tr??n v??o Qu???ng tr?????ng Thi??n An M??n nh???m gi???i t??n nh???ng ng?????i bi???u t??nh v?? d??n ch???, v?? thay ?????i Trung Qu???c m??i m??i. Con s??? th????ng vong ???????c ?????c t??nh t??? h??ng tr??m cho ?????n h??ng ng??n ng?????i.

Jimmy Lai n??i ng??y ???y ??ng kh??ng quan t??m ch??nh tr??? l???m, ???nh??ng t??i lu??n c?? m???t l??ng nhi???t th??nh s??u s???c v???i d??n ch??? v?? nh???ng g?? t??i ???? tr???i qua ??? Trung Qu???c???

H???ng K??ng khi ???y v???n thu???c quy???n cai tr??? c???a ng?????i Anh cho ?????n khi ???????c trao tr??? l???i cho Trung Qu???c v??o n??m 1997. Khi m?? c??? th??nh ph??? ??ang d??i theo cu???c ????n ??p Thi??n An M??n trong khi???p s???, th?? Giordano b???t ?????u s???n xu???t ??o thun v???i c??c kh???u hi???u ???ng h??? c??c sinh vi??n bi???u t??nh.

C??ng kho???ng th???i gian n??y, ng?????i v??? ?????u li d??? ??ng. ???T??i c??? t?????ng m??nh l?? m???t qu?? ??ng ?????y ????? t?? c??ch l???m,??? ??ng n??i. ???Th??nh th??? vi???c ???y ???? l??m t??i s???c.???

Ch??? m???t th???i gian ng???n sau, ??ng ???????c ph???ng v???n b???i ph??ng vi??n ?????a ph????ng Theresa Lai. C???p ????i y??u nhau r???i c?????i nhau. Ti???p theo, ??ng tr??? th??nh m???t ??ng tr??m truy???n th??ng.

M???i ng??y m???t Tr??i t??o

Ng??y nay ??ng Lai s???ng trong m???t c??n bi???t th??? tr???ng c?? h??ng r??o bao quanh ??? m???t g??c C???u Long. C??c nh??n vi??n an ninh g??c b??n ngo??i khu ?????t. Paparazzi t??? c??c t??? b??o ?????i th??? ch???p h??nh t???t c??? nh???ng ng?????i ra v??o khu nh??, g??y ??p l???c l??n ?????i s???ng c?? nh??n c???a ??ng Lai v?? t??m ki???m nh???ng d???u hi???u cho th???y ??ng g???p g??? c??c nh??n v???t th??n M???.

??? b??n trong ng??i bi???t th???, c??c ch?? chim h???a mi h??t du d????ng b??n trong nh???ng l???ng s???t tr???ng cao, c??c b???c h???a ???n t?????ng treo tr??n t?????ng, nh???ng qu??? d???a tr???ng l???n v?? c??c gi??? lan l??m r???ng r??? m???i g??c t?????ng. ???T??i y??u hoa,??? ??ng Lai n??i, v???i ch???t gi???ng th?????ng l??u Anh, trong khi ??ang nh??m nhi b???a s??ng v???i d??u t??y v?? sandwich tr???ng ???????c b??y tr??n c??c ????a s???.

Phong c??ch m?? ??ng th??? hi???n ??? nh??, n??i ??ng th?????ng xuy??n ti???p ????n c??c ch??nh tr??? gia, nh?? b??o v?? c??c nh??n v???t nhi???u ???nh h?????ng trong c??c cu???c th???o lu???n v??? t????ng lai n???n d??n ch??? ??? ho???c phi d??n ch??? ??? c???a H???ng K??ng tr??i ng?????c ho??n to??n v???i danh ti???ng c???a ??ng nh?? m???t k??? h???n h??o, h??nh ?????ng theo b???n n??ng, m???t nh?? qu???n l?? ??i l??n t??? nh?? m??y, ng?????i ch??? h???c h???t b???c ti???u h???c.

H??nh ???nh tr?????c c??ng ch??ng n??y c???a ??ng kh???i ngu???n t??? n??m 1994, khi ??ng ????ng m???t b??i b??nh lu???n g??y tranh c??i tr??n m???t t??? t???p ch?? s??? h???u b???i Next Digital, trong ???? mi??u t??? Th??? t?????ng Trung Qu???c khi ???y, L?? B???ng, ng?????i th?????ng ???????c g???i l?? ???g?? ????? t??? B???c Kinh??? do vai tr?? c???a ??ng trong v??? ????n ??p Thi??n An M??n, l?? ????????a con c???a m???t qu??? tr???ng r??a v???i IQ b???ng 0??? ??? m???t c??ch s??? nh???c n???ng l???i trong ti???ng Trung.

Jimmy Lai v?? t??? Apple Daily ch??m ng??i m???t cu???c chi???n gi?? b??o khi n?? ra ?????i n??m 1995.

B???c Kinh ????p tr??? theo c??ch m?? h??? v???n l??m ng??y nay. H??? tr???ng ph???t h??ng th???i trang c???a ??ng.

Lai n??i gi???y ph??p ho???t ?????ng c???a Giordano b??? ch???m d???t tr??n ph???n l???n ?????i l???c. N??m 1994, ??ng b??n ph???n s??? h???u c???a ??ng trong c??ng ty n??y, v?? n??m ti???p theo th??nh l???p Apple Daily, c??ng v???i m???t chi???n d???ch qu???ng b?? tr??? gi?? 100 tri???u HKD, 2 n??m tr?????c khi ng?????i Anh trao H???ng K??ng l???i cho ?????i l???c.

???B???n ch???t c???a t??i l?? n???i lo???n ??? l?? m???t ng?????i c??ch m???ng,??? ??ng n??i. ???T??i th??? hi???n t??nh c??ch n??y trong c??ng vi???c l??m ??n. B???t c??? khi n??o t??i kinh doanh, t??i s??? t???o ra ??i???u g?? ???? kh??c bi???t. ???? l?? l?? do t???i sao t??i l???i th??nh c??ng h??n ng?????i kh??c. T??i kh??ng tin v??o vi???c c???i thi???n t??? t???.???

??ng ??p d???ng tri???t l?? b??n h??ng s??? l?????ng l???n c???a Giordano v??o t??? b??o m???i c???a m??nh: N?? v???a t??i ti???n, ph??? th??ng v?? g??y n??o ?????ng. B??? ngo??i ???????c thi???t k??? d???a tr??n t??? USA Daily, t??? b??o ???? ???g??y s???c cho truy???n th??ng H???ng K??ng theo m???t c??ch ?????y t??nh c??ch m???ng,??? Clement So, ph?? ch??? nhi???m khoa ??? tr?????ng ?????i h???c Trung v??n H???ng K??ng, n??i. T??? b??o ch???ng th??m quan t??m ?????n c??n b???ng tin t???c: N?? ch??nh x??c l?? m???t t??? b??o thi??n ki???n, v???i m???t ???kh???u v?????? m???n d??nh cho c??c tin ?????n v??? ng?????i n???i ti???ng.

Tr??n c??c s???p b??o, Jimmy Lai th???i b??ng cu???c chi???n gi?? b??o tr??n to??n th??nh ph???, g???n nh?? ???cho kh??ng??? t??? b??o gi???t g??n c???a m??nh v???i gi?? 2 HKD (25 xu M???), m???c gi?? ??? c??c s???p b??o b??n l???. ???C??c t??? b??o kh??c nhanh ch??ng b???t ch?????c theo song kh??ng th??nh c??ng m???y,??? So n??i. ???Phong c??ch vi???t, d??ng nh???ng t???m h??nh l???n. L???i ????nh s??? trang. M???i th???. Th???m ch?? c??n c?? m???t c???m t??? g???i l?? ???Apple h??a.???

Apple Daily tr??? th??nh t??? b??o ???????c nh???c ?????n nhi???u nh???t ??? th??nh ph??? n??y ??? m???t danh ti???ng m?? h??? ?????t ???????c th??ng qua n???n t???ng ti??n phong Apple Extra, n??i m?? h??? ho???t h???a c??c tin n??ng h???i t??? gi???t ng?????i cho ?????n bi???u t??nh. T??? b??o c??n thu ???????c th??nh c??ng l???n ??? ????i Loan, m???t n???n d??n ch??? t??? tr??? m?? B???c Kinh tuy??n b??? l?? l??nh th??? c???a m??nh. ???Apple Daily thu ???????c l???i nhu???n r???t l???n trong nh???ng ng??y ?????u c???a h???,??? Willy Lam, m???t gi??o s?? l???ch s??? t???i ?????i h???c Trung v??n H???ng K??ng, n??i.

V??o n??m 2008, t??i s???n c???a ??ng Lai tr??? gi?? 1,2 t??? USD, theo Forbes.

V???i vi???c c??c ??ng l???n truy???n th??ng kh??c kh??ng s???n s??ng m???o hi???m l???i nhu???n c???a m??nh b???ng vi???c ?????i ?????u v???i B???c Kinh giai ??o???n h???u 1997, Apple Daily tr??? th??nh t??? b??o duy nh???t ch??? tr??ch B???c Kinh th?????ng xuy??n c???a th??nh ph???. ???H??? qu?? s??? C???ng s???n, h??? ????? l???i g???n nh?? cho m??nh t??i c??? m???t th??? tr?????ng truy???n th??ng ?????c l???p,??? ??ng Lai n??i.

Gi???ng ??i???u kh??ng th???a hi???p c???a t??? b??o, ??i???u m?? nh???ng ng?????i ch??? tr??ch cho r???ng c?? th??? d???n ?????n m???t c??n b???ng trong bi??n t???p do lo???i b??? c??c quan ??i???m ?????i l???p, l???i v?? t??nh tr??ng h???p v???i vi???c ph???n l???n c??c t??? b??o H???ng K??ng d???n tr??? n??n th??n B???c Kinh.

???V??? c??n b???n, ng??y nay ng?????i ta ch???n ?????c t??? b??o n??o ?????u d???a tr??n quan ??i???m ch??nh tr??? c???a ch??nh m??nh,??? Michael Tien, m???t nh?? l??m lu???t th??n B???c Kinh v?? t??i phi???t d???t may s??? h???u chu???i G2000 v???i h??n 700 c???a h??ng tr??n to??n c???u, n??i. L???i ngh?? c??? ch???p ???y l??m cho H???ng K??ng ph??n c???c h??n bao gi??? h???t, k??? c??? gi???a ???v??? v?? ch???ng, cha m??? v?? con c??i, gi???a b???n b?? v???i nhau,??? theo ??ng Tien.

???Kh??ng ai tin v??o truy???n th??ng. Kh??ng ai tin c???nh s??t. H??? c??ng kh??ng tin ch??nh ph???,??? ??ng Tien n??i.

S??? ph??n m???nh x?? h???i ???? tr??? th??nh b???i c???nh cho nh???ng b???t ???n x?? h???i hi???n nay, khi m?? ng?????i bi???u t??nh v?? c???nh s??t ?????i ch???i v???i nhau trong m???t chu???i nh???ng cu???c ?????ng ????? b???o l???c v???n ???????c truy???n th??ng mi??u t??? d?????i nh???ng g??c nh??n tr??i ng?????c nhau ho??n to??n.

M???t s??? ng?????i H???ng K??ng ???ng h??? B???c Kinh. Nhi???u ng?????i ???ng h??? d??n ch???. S??? kh??c nh???n m??nh thu???c nh??m ???ruy-b??ng xanh,??? t???c nh???ng ng?????i ???ng h??? c???nh s??t. Trong khi nh???ng ng?????i ???ng h??? phong tr??o bi???u t??nh v?? nh???ng ng?????i t??? do h??n nh???n ?????nh m??nh l?? nh??m ???ruy-b??ng v??ng.???

Nhi???u ng?????i x??c ?????nh m??nh l?? ng?????i H???ng K??ng h??n l?? ng?????i Trung Qu???c, nh???m ph??n bi???t b???n th??n h??? v???i nh???ng ng?????i s???ng ngay b??n kia bi??n gi???i ??? v??ng ?????t qu?? h????ng c???a ph???n ????ng cha m??? v?? ??ng b?? c???a h???.

?????i v???i ??ng Lai, ng?????i H???ng K??ng l?? ng?????i ?????n t??? m???t h??n ?????o ng?????i Hoa nh??? b?? c?? c??ng c??c gi?? tr??? v???i ph????ng T??y. ???B???n s???c c???a ng?????i H???ng K??ng ng??y nay??????? g???n nh?? ??n s??u v??o ti???m th???c c???a ch??ng t??i,??? ??ng n??i, ???Ch??ng t??i coi m??nh l?? ng?????i H???ng K??ng theo c??ch ch??a t???ng c?? tr?????c ????.???

???Tay trong??? c???a Hoa K???

?????u n??m 2018, m???t c??ng d??n H???ng K??ng 19 tu???i b??? c??o bu???c gi???t b???n g??i c???a anh ta ??? ????i Loan r???i quay l???i H???ng K??ng tr?????c khi b??? b???t. C???nh s??t ????i Loan kh??ng th??? l??m ???????c g??; H???ng K??ng kh??ng c?? hi???p ?????nh d???n ????? v???i ????i Loan, hay b???t k?? l??nh th??? Trung Hoa n??o.

Th??ng Ba 2019, Tr?????ng ?????c khu H???ng K??ng Carrie Lam (L??m Tr???nh Nguy???t Nga) ????? xu???t m???t bi???n ph??p: gi???i thi???u ?????o lu???t d???n ????? v???n s??? cho ph??p d???n ????? t???i ph???m ?????n ????i Loan ??? ho???c Trung Qu???c ?????i l???c.

??ng Lai ??ang ??? M??? khi d??? lu???t ???????c c??ng b??? v?? ???????c c???nh b??o b???i m???t ch??nh tr??? gia M??? ngay sau b???a s??ng v??? r???i ro m?? d??? lu???t n??y mang l???i. ???T??i th???t s??? gi???t m??nh.??? ??ng n??i. ???T??i nh??n l???i n?? m???t l???n n???a v?? n??i ???Kh???n ki???p, ??i???u n??y th???t kinh kh???ng.??? T??i bi???t n?? s??? l?? m???t v???n ????? l???n.???

V?? ??ng ???? ????ng. D??? lu???t ch??m ng??i cho nh???ng cu???c bi???u t??nh th?????ng xuy??n b???o l???c k??o d??i su???t ba th??ng, v???i h??n 800 thanh ni??n b??? b???t gi??? v?? c??c c??o bu???c n???i lo???n. Nh???ng ng?????i bi???u t??nh th???m ch?? c??n l??m t?? li???t s??n bay c???a th??nh ph??? 2 l???n.

Tr?? chuy???n v???i Lai ng?????i ta c?? th??? c???m th???y d?????ng nh?? r???t nhi???u nh???ng s??? ki???n ?????nh h??nh cu???c ?????i ??ng ?????u ???????c l???y c???m h???ng t??? n?????c M???. C??i t??n ???Giordano??? ?????n t??? m???t chi???c kh??n ??n pizza ??? New York; khi th????ng hi???u n??y g???p kh?? kh??n trong nh???ng ng??y ?????u, m???t chuy???n ??i ?????n ti???m ??n McDonald???s ???? truy???n c???m h???ng cho ??ng b??nh d??n h??a c??c s???n ph???m c???a c??ng ty, gi???ng nh?? chu???i ????? ??n nhanh c???a M??? ???? l??m tr?????c ????; c??n t??? Apple Daily th?? ???????c x??y d???ng d???a tr??n m?? h??nh c???a USA Today.

Tr??? l?? h??ng ?????u c???a ??ng ??? H???ng K??ng, Mark Simon, c??n l?? con trai c???a m???t c???u nh??n vi??n CIA.

Chi ti???t n??y ch??a bao gi??? ng???ng h???p d???n nh???ng k??? ????m ti???u. Trong h??ng th???p ni??n, m???t trong nh???ng c??o bu???c nh???m v??o ??ng ch??nh l?? vi???c ??ng l?? ng?????i c???a CIA, v?? t??? Apple Daily l?? m???t c??ng c??? c???a M???.

?????u th??ng n??y, truy???n th??ng nh?? n?????c Trung Qu???c g???i Lai v?? 3 nh??n v???t d??n ch??? kh??c ??? th??nh ph??? n??y l?? ???T??? nh??n bang??? c???a H???ng K??ng ??? li??n h??? t???i nh??m ch??nh tr??? t???ng ??m m??u l???t ????? Mao Tr???ch ????ng v?? gi??nh quy???n l???c t??? tay ?????ng C???ng s???n Trung Qu???c h???i nh???ng n??m 1970.

T??? Nh??n d??n Nh???t b??o g???i ??ng Lai l?? th??nh vi??n c???a m???t nh??m 4 ng?????i ???trung gian b?? m???t v?? nh???ng k??? ph???n b???i th???i hi???n ?????i,??? trong b???i c???nh B???c Kinh c??? g???ng c??o bu???c nh???ng b???t ???n ??? H???ng K??ng l?? do c??c th??? l???c n?????c ngo??i g??y ra.

Nh?? l??m lu???t th??n B???c Kinh Tien t???ng n??i ??ng tin r???ng Washington ????? ti???n v??o c??c phong tr??o d??n ch??? ??? H???ng K??ng nh???m t???o ra m???t ???m???i h???a li??n t???c nh???m g??y b???t ???n cho Trung Qu???c,??? m???c d?? ??ng kh??ng c?? ch???ng c??? c??? th??? n??o ????? ch???ng minh cho tuy??n b??? ???y.

Jimmy Lai g???i ?? ngh?? v??? m???t cu???c c??ch m???ng m??u do M??? t??i tr??? l?? ???ng??? ng???n.???

???N???u n?????c M??? th???t s??? t??i tr??? th?? ch???ng c??? s??? r?? r??nh r??nh,??? ??ng n??i. ???B???n kh??ng th??? t??m ???????c m???t ng?????i n??o ?????ng d???y v?? n??i ???N??y, t??i nh???n ti???n t??? M???.??????

Nh??ng ??ng xem M??? nh?? m???t ?????ng minh quan tr???ng c???a H???ng K??ng ??? nh?? l???i c???nh b??o s???m (c???a ch??nh tr??? gia n??u tr??n) cho th???y. Khi ??ng tr??? v??? t??? chuy???n ??i ???y, ??ng b???t ?????u b??o ?????ng m???i ng?????i. ??ng n??i c??c ph??ng vi??n l??c ?????u kh??ng dao ?????ng l???m.

Tr?????ng ?????c khu Hong Kong Carrie Lam b???t tay T???p C???n B??nh sau khi tuy??n th??? nh???m ch???c n??m 2017.

???B?? Lam tr?????c khi ????? xu???t d??? lu???t ???y v???n ??ang bay cao,??? ??ng n??i, ???T???p C???n B??nh b???t tay b?? ta (trong m???t s??? ki???n), b?? ta ??i c???nh ??ng ???y, b?? ta th???c s??? mu???n l??m ??i???u g?? ???? cho ??ng ch??? c???a m??nh. B?? ta bi???t ???? s??? l?? m???t c?? h???i tuy???t v???i. M?? th???c s??? th?? n?? g???n nh?? l?? m???t c?? h???i t???t. B???i v?? m???i ng?????i ban ?????u kh??ng quan t??m l???m.???

Song c???ng ?????ng kinh doanh th?? x??o ?????ng h??n tr?????c tin n??y. ???T???t c??? m???i ng?????i ?????u ph???i chi m???t kho???n g?? ???? ????? ?????i l???y s??? b???o v??? t??? nh???ng ng?????i ki???m so??t h??? ??? ?????i l???c,??? ??ng n??i. H??n n???a, h??? hi???u r???ng ?????o lu???t c?? th??? ???????c d??ng b???i nh???ng th??? l???c ??? ?????i l???c l??m c??ng c??? t???ng ti???n; n???u m???t ?????i t??c Trung Qu???c mu???n ki???m so??t ?????i t??c H???ng K??ng c???a m??nh h??? c?? th??? b??o c??o cho nh?? ch???c tr??ch ??? b??n kia bi??n gi???i, n??i m?? t??? l??? k???t t???i l??n ?????n 99%.

S??? ph???n ?????i ?????i v???i d??? lu???t d???n xu???t hi???n, kh???i ?????u v???i cu???c tu???n h??nh v??o ng??y 31/3, d???n ?????u b???i Lam Wing-kee, ng?????i n??i r???ng ??ng t???ng b??? b???t c??c b???i c??c m???t v??? ?????i l???c h???i n??m 2015 sau khi ??ng n??y rao b??n c??c t??i li???u ch??? tr??ch B???c Kinh. Trung Qu???c b??c b??? c??o bu???c n??y.

B?? Lam v???n ti???p t???c ????? xu???t d??? lu???t.

C??c cu???c tu???n h??nh ti???p di???n: 160.000 ng?????i, r???i 1 tri???u ng?????i. D??? lu???t v???n d??? ki???n ???????c tr??nh l??n c?? quan l???p ph??p cao nh???t c???a th??nh ph???, Legco, v??o ?????u th??ng 6. Cu???i c??ng c?? ?????n kho???ng 2 tri???u ng?????i xu???ng ???????ng v??o ng??y 16/6. D??? lu???t b??? ????nh ch???, song l??c ???? ???? qu?? tr??? ????? ki???m ch??? s??? gi???n d??? m?? n?? ch??m ng??i.

??ng Tien th???a nh???n r???ng Washington kh?? c?? th??? ??i???u khi???n ???????c m???t cu???c tu???n h??nh 2 tri???u ng?????i, nh??ng khi m?? ng?????i bi???u t??nh c??? li??n t???c v???y c??? M??? trong c??c cu???c xu???ng ???????ng ??? ??i???u m?? ??ng Lai n??i ch??? l?? m???t c??ch th???c thu h??t c??c ???ng k??nh truy???n th??ng qu???c t??? ??? th?? v??? ch??nh tr??? gia n??y y??u c???u c???n c?? m???t cu???c ??i???u tra ?????c l???p xem li???u CIA c?? ??ang t??i tr??? cho m???t cu???c c??ch m???ng m??u trong th??nh ph??? hay kh??ng.

M???t quan ch???c k?? c???u ng?????i M??? b??c b??? c??o bu???c r???ng Washington t??i tr??? hay k??ch ?????ng c??c cu???c bi???u t??nh, v?? T???ng th???ng Donald Trump c??ng ???? l??m nh?? v???y h???i tu???n tr?????c, khi ??ng tweet r???ng ???nhi???u ng?????i ??ang quy tr??ch nhi???m cho t??i v?? n?????c M???, cho nh???ng vi???c ??ang x???y ra ??? H???ng K??ng. T??i kh??ng th??? hi???u n???i t???i sao????

C?? t??? do h??n l?? c?? ti???n

Vi???c th??nh l???p Apple Daily v?? tham gia cu???c ?????u tranh v?? d??n ch??? c???a H???ng K??ng cho ??ng Lai ???m???t ?? ngh??a s???ng m?? t??i ch??a t???ng c????? khi c??n l?? m???t nh?? t??i phi???t ng??nh may m???c. ???S??? m???nh n??y,??? ??ng n??i, ???c?? m???t ?? ngh??a v?? c??ng l???n lao.???

C??c nh?? t??i phi???t kh??c c???a th??nh ph??? ???? c??? tr??nh sa v??o cu???c kh???ng ho???ng. ???N???u b???n l?? m???t ng?????i l??m ??n ??? H???ng K??ng, s??? r???t kh?? ????? ki???m ch??? ???????c tr?????c th??? tr?????ng Trung Qu???c,??? Lam, v??? gi??o s?? l???ch s???, b??nh lu???n. ???V?? m???t khi b???n ???? ??? trong th??? tr?????ng Trung Qu???c th?? kho???n ?????u t?? c???a b???n tr??? th??nh con tin, th??? m?? ch??nh quy???n Trung Qu???c kh??ng ng???n ng???i s??? d???ng nh?? m???t bi???n ph??p g??y ??p l???c.???

L???n g???n nh???t m?? ng?????i gi??u nh???t H???ng K??ng v???i kh???i t??i s???n 31 t??? USD (theo Forbes) Li Ka-shing b??y t??? quan ??i???m c???a ??ng v??? cu???c kh???ng ho???ng ch??nh tr??? n??y l?? 2 th??ng ??i???p t???i ngh??a ????ng tr??n nhi???u t??? b??o trong th??ng n??y (Apple Daily kh??ng c?? trong s??? ????). B???n ch???t kh??ng r?? r??ng trong l???i c???nh b??o c???a ??ng ch???c ch???n kh??ng th??? l?? do nh???m l???n ??? kh???p n??i trong th??nh ph???, c??c ?????c gi??? tranh c??i xem ??ng ??m ch??? nh???ng ng?????i bi???u t??nh, B???c Kinh, hay c??? hai. (Nguy??n v??n c??u n??i c???a ??ng: Best cause could lead to worst end ??? M???c ????ch t???t ?????p nh???t c?? th??? d???n t???i k???t c???c t???i t??? nh???t).

???Kh??ng c?? nh?? t??i phi???t n??o s???n s??ng??? c??ng khai ch??? tr??ch Trung Qu???c nh?? ??ng Lai, theo Clement So, v??? gi??o s?? t???i ?????i h???c Trung v??n H???ng K??ng. ??????? l?? ??i???u khi???n ??ng tr??? n??n ?????c bi???t.???

Song ??i???u ???? ??i k??m v???i nh???ng hi???m nguy.

H???i n??m 2015, bom x??ng b??? n??m v??o tr??? s??? ch??nh c???a Next Media v?? nh?? ri??ng ??ng Lai v??o s??ng s???m. ???Ch??ng t??i kh??ng s???c. Th???t kh??ng may, b???o l???c ???? tr??? th??nh ??i???u quen thu???c ??? H???ng K??ng trong c??c v???n ????? ch??nh tr???. ???? l?? m???t th???c t??? ????n gi???n,??? tr??? l?? c???a ??ng Lai, Mark Simon, chia s??? v???i CNN khi ???y.

Gi??? ????y, ??ng Lai c?? m???t ?????i v??? s?? ??? nh??, song k??? t??? nh???n l?? g??y r???c r???i n??y n??i ??ng ch??a bao gi??? qu??n th??? n??o l?? ngh??o kh??, v?? ??ng kh??ng h??? c?? ?? ?????nh b??? r??i qu???n ch??ng trong cu???c ???th???p t??? chinh??? m?? h??? v?? ??ng c??ng chia s??? ????? b???o v??? n???n d??n ch???.

???Thanh ni??n kh??ng th???y t????ng lai c???a m??nh ??? m???i th??? ?????u th???t ?????t ?????,??? ??ng n??i. ???K??? c??? vi???c s???ng trong m???t c??n ph??ng nh??? ???? l?? qu?? ?????t ?????i v???i h???.??? V??ng ?????t c???a nh???ng c?? h???i m?? c??c doanh nh??n nh?? Lai v?? Li Ka-shing t???ng ???????c t???n h?????ng khi h??? l???n ?????u ?????n H???ng K??ng nay ???? kh??ng c??n n???a.

???V???i d??? lu???t d???n ????? n??y m???i ng?????i ngh?? r???ng, Okay, qu?? l???m r???i, ch??ng ta ph???i ?????u tranh. Ch??ng ta ph???i chi???n ?????u ch???ng l???i gi???i h???n cu???i c??ng n??y,??? theo ??ng Lai.

V?? cu???c chi???n ???y th???t ra kh??ng c?? l???i v??? m???t t??i ch??nh l???m cho Apple Daily.

Gi?? tr??? t??i s???n c?? nh??n c???a ??ng Lai ng??y nay v???n l?? b?? ???n, song ??ng ???? r??i kh???i danh s??ch ng?????i gi??u nh???t H???ng K??ng c???a Forbes v??o n??m 2009. C??c c??ng ty l???n c?? ho???t ?????ng l??m ??n s??u r???ng ??? ?????i l???c, nh?? Cathay Pacific hay CK Hutchison Holdings c???a Li Kai-shing, kh??ng bao gi??? ?????t qu???ng c??o tr??n t??? Apple Daily. Tr?????ng ?????c khu ti???n nhi???m c???a H???ng K??ng CY Leung (L????ng Ch???n Anh), ng?????i m?? t??? b??o t??? l??u ch??? tr??ch v?? m???i quan h??? s??u s???c v???i B???c Kinh, th?????ng ????ng tr??n Facebook c?? nh??n c??c b???c ???nh danh s??ch c??c c??ng ty c?? qu???ng c??o tr??n t??? Apple Daily. ???Apple Daily l?? k??? th?? c??ng khai s??? m???t c???a CY Leung,??? theo Lam, v??? gi??o s?? l???ch s???.

C???u Tr?????ng ?????c khu Hong Kong CY Leung ????ng h??nh l??n Facebook c?? nh??n danh s??ch c??c c??ng ty qu???ng c??o tr??n Apple Daily.

Ho???t ?????ng trong b???i c???nh ch??nh tr??? hi???n nay, c??ng v???i s??? s???t gi???m doanh s??? b??o gi???y v?? qu???ng c??o, ???? g??y thi???t h???i v??? m???t t??i ch??nh cho Apple Daily. T???ng s??? ph??t h??nh c???a t??? b??o ch??? ??? m???c 200,000 b???n m???t ng??y, b???ng 2 ph???n 3 con s??? c???a 10 n??m tr?????c, b??n c???nh 1,5 tri???u l?????t xem online. Doanh thu qu???ng c??o h???ng ng??y gi???m m???t n???a trong 3 n??m qua. Next Digital ???? c??ng b??? thua l??? su???t 3 n??m v???a r???i.

?????u n??m nay. T??? b??o b???t ?????u thu ph?? 3 HKD ????? ?????c online cho ?????n th??ng 9. Th??ng t???i, h??? hi v???ng ?????c gi??? s??? tr??? ph?? thu?? bao 50 HKD m???t th??ng.

???Th???i ??i???m hi???n t???i l?? thu???n l???i cho Apple Daily v?? m???i ng?????i mu???n c?? tin t???c,??? theo Clement So, v??? chuy??n gia truy???n th??ng. ?????ng Lai s??? mu???n c?? s??? h??? tr??? t??i ch??nh c???a c??c b???n ?????c online, n???u ??ng th??nh c??ng ??i???u n??y s??? l?? chi???c phao c???u sinh c???a ??ng. Nh??ng n???u th???t b???i, r???t ????ng ????? lo ng???i r???ng ??ng kh??ng th??? duy tr?? t??? b??o v??? d??i h???n.???

Trong khi ????, c??c t??? b??o m???i nh?? Stand News v?? HKC News ??ang d???n tr??? th??nh nh???ng ?????i th??? trong kh??ng gian b??o ch?? d??n ch???. B???ng c??ch ????a c??c bu???i talkshow l??n smartphone v?? thu?? m???t ?????i ng?? nh??? g???n, h??? gi??? chi ph?? ????? th???p ????? kh??ng c???n ph???i cho c??c c??ng ty th??n B???c Kinh thu?? qu???ng c??o.

N??m 2047 ??ang ?????n g???n

?????i v???i nhi???u ng?????i, 2047, n??m m?? H???ng K??ng kh??? n??ng cao s??? quay tr??? l???i Trung Qu???c, t?????ng ch???ng l?? m???t ng??y r???t xa trong t????ng lai. Song ch??? c??n 28 n??m n???a, m???t ??i???u m?? ng?????i H???ng K??ng c?? th??? tr???i nghi???m trong cu???c ?????i m??nh. Cu???c chi???n v?? d??n ch??? ???? tr??? n??n c???p b??ch h??n, tranh c??i h??n ??? nh??ng c??ng c?? th??? l?? xa v???i h??n, khi m?? s??? tr???i d???y v??? kinh t??? c???a Trung Qu???c ??em ?????n cho B???c Kinh nhi???u quy???n l???c ch??nh tr??? h??n ????? n??i kh??ng v???i d??n ch???.

???T??i kh??ng bi???t khi n??o (c??c cu???c bi???u t??nh) s??? ch???m d???t,??? ??ng Lai n??i, ???nh??ng c?? m???t ??i???u t??i bi???t, v???i vi???c th??? gi???i theo d??i ch??ng t??i??? t??i ngh?? Trump, n?????c M???, gi??? ????y kh??ng th??? tho??i lui (kh???i vi???c h??? tr??? H???ng K??ng). H??? ch??? c?? th??? ti???n v?? ti???n. Kh??ng ph???i v??? m???t t??i ch??nh, m?? v??? ch??nh tr??? v?? ?????o ?????c.???

?????u th??ng n??y, Ph?? T???ng th???ng Pence n??i c?? h???i ?????t ???????c th???a thu???n th????ng m???i v???i Trung Qu???c s??? suy gi???m n???u lu???t ph??p c???a H???ng K??ng b??? vi ph???m b???i B???c Kinh, ?????ng th???i ch??? tr??ch vi???c x??m ph???m c??c quy???n con ng?????i c???a Trung Qu???c v?? ch??ng ??i ng?????c l???i c??c l?? t?????ng c???a Hoa K???. ??ng Trump c??ng tweet r???ng Ch??? t???ch T???p C???n B??nh n??n c?? cu???c g???p v???i nh???ng ng?????i bi???u t??nh.

N???u ??p l???c qu???c t??? ng??y c??ng t??ng khi???n n???n kinh t??? ch???m l???i v?? vi???c l??m gi???m, Trung Qu???c c?? th??? thay ?????i, theo ??ng Lai. ?????i???u ???? kh??ng c?? ngh??a l?? ??CSTQ s??? s???p ?????,??? ??ng b??? sung. ???Song c?? th??? ??ng T???p s??? b?????c xu???ng v?? m???t ch??nh ph??? t??? do h??n s??? l??n thay v?? r???i ch???m r??i ??i theo con ???????ng ????ng.??? Tuy nhi??n, kh??ng c?? ch??? d???u n??o cho th???y ??i???u n??y s??? s???m x???y ra.

Trong khi ????, n???n kinh t??? c???a H???ng K??ng ??ang b??? thi???t h???i n???ng ??? c??c ng??nh du l???ch, h??ng kh??ng v?? b??n l??? do ng??ng tr??? t??? c??c cu???c bi???u t??nh. Michael Tien, v??? ch??nh tr??? gia th??n B???c Kinh, n??i r???ng doanh s??? h??ng b??n l??? c???a ??ng ???? gi???m 40% trong th??ng T??m. ???Kh??ng c??n ai c?? t??m tr???ng ????? ra ???????ng v?? mua s???m,??? ??ng n??i. Ch??nh ph??? H???ng K??ng ???? c??ng b??? m???t g??i k??ch c???u 2,4 t??? USD nh???m gi??p n???n kinh t??? t??ng tr?????ng tr??? l???i t??? trong b???t ???n.

?????i v???i ??ng Lai, n???u n???n kinh t??? c???a trung t??m t??i ch??nh n??y ph???i ch???u thi???t h???i v?? t??? do, c??? ????? n?? thi???t h???i. Vi???n c???nh c???a cu???c ?????u tranh kh??ng ??em l???i cho ng?????i d??n ???m???t c??i c??? ????? kh??ng ti???p t???c chi???n ?????u.???

???N???u ch??ng t??i ?????u tranh, ch??ng t??i c?? th??? c?? m???t ph??p m??u,??? ??ng n??i. ???Song n???u ch??ng t??i kh??ng l??m v???y, ch??ng t??i s??? b??? khu???t ph???c tr?????c c?????ng quy???n. T??i ch??? ngh?? r???ng n???u ch??ng ta t???ng c?? th??? lo???i b??? ch??? ????? n?? l???, ch??ng ta c??ng c?? th??? lo???i b??? ch??? ????? ?????c t??i. N?? tr??n ?????y hy v???ng!??? ./.

H??nh tr??n c??ng: Jimmy Lai tham gia m???t cu???c bi???u t??nh trong phong tr??o D?? v??ng n??m 2014. Ngu???n: CNN.
 

C???n t???nh t??o khi nh???n ?????nh v??? c??c ph??t bi???u c???a ??ng L?? Hi???n Long

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T??c gi???: L?? H???ng Hi???p

Trong m???y ng??y qua, d?? lu???n Vi???t Nam v?? Campuchia d???y s??ng v??? hai ph??t bi???u li??n ti???p nhau c???a Th??? t?????ng Singapore L?? Hi???n Long cho r???ng Vi???t Nam ???x??m l?????c??? (invade/invasion) Campuchia n??m 1978/79. Xung quanh v???n ????? n??y, ch??ng ta c???n c?? m???t c??ch nh??n t???nh t??o, kh??ch quan ????? hi???u ???????c b???n ch???t s??? ki???n, kh??ng n??n ????? c???m x??c l???n ??t l?? tr??, d???n t???i c??c suy ngh??, h??nh ?????ng d?? c?? h???o ?? nh??ng l???i ph???n t??c d???ng, g??y ph????ng h???i cho quan h??? Vi???t Nam ??? Singapore c??ng nh?? l???i ??ch qu???c gia c???a b???n th??n Vi???t Nam.

Tr?????c ti??n, b??i vi???t n??y xin ???????c ph??p kh??ng ??i v??o ph??n t??ch v??? b???n ch???t ????ng sai c???a ph??t bi???u c???a Th??? t?????ng L?? Hi???n Long, b???i b???n ch???t h??nh ?????ng c???a Vi???t Nam ?????i v???i Campuchia, c??? th??? l?? ch??? ????? Khmer ?????, v???n c??n g??y nhi???u tranh c??i. V??? ?????o ?????c, Vi???t Nam ???? h??nh ?????ng ????ng, nh??ng v??? ph??p l??, th???i ??i???m ???? h??nh ?????ng c???a Vi???t Nam v???n c??n nh???ng l??? h???ng. Ngo??i ra, b???i c???nh Chi???n tranh L???nh, s??? ?????i ?????u gi???a hai kh???i ????ng ??? T??y, c???ng s???n ??? phi c???ng s???n??? l??c ???? c??ng l??m cho v???n ????? ph???c t???p h??n. C???n nh??n nh???n th??i ????? v?? h??nh vi c???a Singapore ?????i v???i v???n ????? Campuchia trong b???i c???nh ????, v?? ch??nh s??ch c???a Singapore v??? v???n ????? n??y ch??? y???u d???a tr??n ch??? ngh??a hi???n th???c/ th???c d???ng trong ch??nh s??ch ?????i ngo???i c???a h???. Trong ch??nh tr??? hi???n th???c, v???n ????? ?????o ?????c ch??? ????ng vai tr?? th??? y???u, l???c l?????ng chi ph???i ch??nh l?? t??nh to??n l???i ??ch qu???c gia, l?? s??? theo ??u???i an ninh v?? quy???n l???c. Ch??nh v?? v???y, b???n ch???t h??nh ?????ng c???a Vi???t Nam ????ng sai th??? n??o kh??ng ph???i l?? c?? s??? ????? Singapore h??nh ?????ng. Singapore ????n gi???n l?? ???? theo ??u???i l???i ??ch qu???c gia c???a m??nh m???t c??ch th???c d???ng nh?? ??a ph???n c??c qu???c gia kh??c tr??n th??? gi???i, trong ???? c?? Vi???t Nam.

Tuy nhi??n, ng?????i vi???t c??ng cho r???ng c??c ????? c???p c???a ph??a Singapore v??? s??? ki???n n??y c?? th??? l?? kh??ng ho??n to??n c???n thi???t, nh???t l?? trong b???i c???nh quan h??? Vi???t Nam ??? Singapore ??ang ph??t tri???n t???t, v?? ASEAN ??ang c???n s??? ??o??n k???t n???i kh???i h??n bao gi??? h???t. C??c ph??t ng??n c???a B??? tr?????ng Ngo???i giao Singapore Vivian Balakrishnan sau khi nh???n ???????c ph???n ???ng c???a Vi???t Nam v?? Campuchia d?????ng nh?? ???? ng???m th???a nh???n s?? su???t n??y.

Quay l???i v???n ????? r???ng l???n h??n l?? ch??nh s??ch c???a Singapore v???i Vi???t Nam, m???y ng??y v???a qua xu???t hi???n m???t s??? tranh lu???n v??? v???n ????? n??y, trong ???? c?? ?? ki???n cho r???ng Singapore ??ang thay ?????i ch??nh s??ch ?????i v???i Vi???t Nam trong b???i c???nh Vi???t Nam v????n l??n, c?? th??? th??ch th???c vai tr??, v??? th??? c???a Singapore. Ngo??i ra, trong b???i c???nh c???nh tranh Trung ??? M??? gia t??ng, Singapore ??ang d?????ng nh?? ???xoay tr???c??? t??? M??? sang Trung Qu???c, v?? do Vi???t Nam ??ang ph??t tri???n quan h??? t???t v???i M???, n??n d???n t???i Singapore c?? v??? c???m th???y kh??ng h??i l??ng v???i Vi???t Nam. T??c gi??? b??i vi???t n??y nh???n th???y nh???ng ph??n t??ch nh?? v???y l?? ch??a ????? c?? s???, g??y th??m nh???ng hi???u l???m, chia r??? kh??ng c???n thi???t gi???a Vi???t Nam v?? Singapore, c??ng nh?? trong n???i b??? ASEAN.

Th??? nh???t, ?????i v???i l???p lu???n cho r???ng ???c?? s??? ????? v??? ???l??ng tin chi???n l?????c??? gi???a Singapore v?? M??? d?????i th???i T???ng th???ng Donald Trump???, ch??ng ta c???n nh???n th???y h???p t??c m???i m???t c???a Singapore v???i M??? v???n ??ang r???t m???nh. ??ng L?? l?? m???t trong nh???ng l??nh ?????o ASEAN ?????u ti??n t???i th??m M??? sau khi ??ng Trump ?????c c???. V??? kinh t??? Singapore v???n r???t coi tr???ng M???, nh???t l?? v??? ?????u t??. V??? chi???n l?????c, Singapore v???n l?? ?????i t??c an ninh h??ng ?????u c???a M??? ??? ch??u ??, th???m ch?? c??c h???c gi??? Trung Qu???c v???n g???i Singapore l?? ???quasi-ally??? (b??n ?????ng minh) c???a M???. Singapore v???n l?? c?? s??? h???u c???n quan tr???ng cho qu??n ?????i M??? v?? l?? n??i M??? tri???n khai c??c t??i s???n qu??n s??? cho c??c ho???t ?????ng ??? ????ng Nam ??, bao g???m Bi???n ????ng. C??c ho???t ?????ng h???p t??c kh??c nh?? mua s???m v?? kh?? (??i???n h??nh nh?? F35), ????o t???o binh s?? Singapore t???i M?????? v???n ???????c ti???n h??nh b??nh th?????ng. Cho d?? c?? nh???ng ??i???m Singapore kh??ng h??i l??ng v???i ch??nh quy???n Trump, nh??ng kh??ng ?????n m???c g???i l?? ???????? v??? l??ng tin chi???n l?????c??? gi???a hai b??n.

Th??? hai, l???p lu???n cho r???ng Singapore ??ang ???xoay tr???c??? v??? ph??a Trung Qu???c c??ng kh??ng th???a ????ng. Singapore ch??? mu???n c??n b???ng hai b??n, kh??ng ch???n phe, v?? Trung Qu???c c??ng quan tr???ng ?????i v???i Singapore v??? kinh t???. G???n ????y m???t v??i quan ch???c Singapore c?? m???t s??? ph??t bi???u theo h?????ng M??? n??n c??ng nh???n vai tr?? c???a Trung Qu???c ????? kh??ng g??y c??ng th???ng cho khu v???c, nh??ng h??? kh??ng h??? c?? ?? l??m suy y???u quan h??? v???i Hoa K???. H???p t??c kinh t???, an ninh v???i M??? v???n r???t m???nh, ?????i v???i Singapore, M??? v???n l?? m???t qu???c gia ???c??n b???ng t??? xa??? c???c k??? quan tr???ng, gi??p ?????m b???o tr???t t??? khu v???c m??? v?? t??? do d???a tr??n lu???t l??? m?? Singapore mu???n duy tr??. V?? v???y chuy???n xoay tr???c sang Trung Qu???c ?????i v???i Singapore l?? kh??ng th???. H??? kh??ng mu???n m???t c?????ng qu???c n??o ??p ?????o khu v???c. B??i ph??t bi???u c???a Th??? t?????ng L?? Hi???n Long ??? ?????i tho???i Shangri La c?? nh???ng ??i???m ???b??nh??? Trung Qu???c nh??ng c??ng c?? ??i???m ch??? tr??ch Trung Qu???c, ?????i v???i M??? c??ng v???y.

V??? nh???n ?????nh cho r???ng, Singapore ??ang c??? t??nh g???i l???i qu?? kh??? ????? g??y nghi ng???, l??m gi???m n??ng l???c t???p h???p c???a Vi???t Nam, g??y m???t uy t??n c???a Vi???t Nam tr?????c th???m n??m ch??? t???ch ASEAN c???a Vi???t Nam, t??c gi??? b??i vi???t n??y cho r???ng nh???n ?????nh ???? ho??n to??n kh??ng c?? c?? s???. M???t ??i???u c?? th??? th???y l?? hai ph??t bi???u c???a ??ng L?? x???y ra qu?? s??t nhau n??n t???o ra hi???u ???ng ti??u c???c l???n. Th??? hai, d?? h??m ?? c??c ph??t bi???u n??y ????ng l?? c?? n??i Vi???t Nam ???x??m l?????c???, nh??ng n??n nh??n n?? trong b???i c???nh c???a hai ph??t bi???u: ph??t bi???u ?????u ti??n n??i v??? vai tr?? l???ch s??? c???a t?????ng Prem Tinsulanonda, ph??t bi???u th??? hai n??i v??? ?? ngh??a c???a s??? ???n ?????nh khu v???c ?????i v???i th???nh v?????ng m???i n?????c. Kh??ng c?? b???ng ch???ng r?? r??ng cho th???y Singapore ch??? ?????nh ???t???n c??ng??? Vi???t Nam m???t c??ch c?? ch??? ????ch. H??n n???a, c?? th??? nh???ng l???i ???? ch??? l?? do ph??? t??/ng?????i vi???t di???n v??n c???a ??ng L?? vi???t theo ki???n th???c l???ch s??? m?? h??? bi???t l??u nay (v?? b???n th??n ??ng L?? ??????ng nhi??n c??ng kh??ng nghi ng??? v??? t??nh x??c th???c c???a n?? b???i Singapore ???? gi??? quan ??i???m nh?? v???y ngay t??? ?????u). V?? v???y, kh?? c?? th??? cho r???ng ??ng L?? c??? t??nh h??? uy t??n Vi???t Nam. Ngo??i ra, trong ASEAN, Vi???t Nam c?? vai tr?? quan tr???ng ?????i v???i Singapore v??? c??? kinh t??? l???n chi???n l?????c, v?? ?????i v???i Singapore vai tr?? c???a ASEAN r???t quan tr???ng. V?? v???y, Singapore kh??ng c?? l???i ??ch g?? khi g??y m??u thu???n v???i Vi???t Nam hay l??m ASEAN th??m chia r???.

C??ng xin ???????c n??i th??m, trong ph??n t??ch ch??nh s??ch ?????i ngo???i c???a m???t qu???c gia, ngo??i ph??n t??ch l???i ??ch qu???c gia v?? b???i c???nh qu???c t??? c???a qu???c gia ????, ng?????i ta c??ng ph???i d???a v??o c??c quan ??i???m, lu???n ??i???u ch??nh th???c c???a h??? (nh?? tuy??n b??? ch??nh s??ch, quan ??i???m c???a h???c gi???, b??o ch??, ph??t bi???u c???a c??c l??nh ?????o???), ?????ng th???i ph??n t??ch c??c ?????ng th??i, h??nh vi ?????i ngo???i c???a qu???c gia ???? v???i qu???c gia li??n quan. Cho ?????n l??c n??y c??? v??? c??n b???n l???i ??ch qu???c gia, l???n lu???n ??i???u, di???n ng??n, ?????n ?????ng th??i, h??nh vi??? kh??ng c?? b???ng ch???ng n??o r?? r??ng v?? h??? th???ng cho th???y Singapore ??ang thay ?????i ch??nh s??ch ?????i v???i M???, Trung Qu???c hay Vi???t Nam. N???u ch??? d???a v??o hai ph??t bi???u v???i l???p lu???n kh??ng c?? g?? m???i v?? r???t ph?? h???p v???i b???i c???nh ???? c???a ??ng L?? ????? cho r???ng Singapore ??ang thay ?????i ch??nh s??ch, th??i ????? v???i Vi???t Nam th?? qu?? ????n gi???n h??a v???n ????? v?? sai l???m. C??c tuy??n b??? c???a B??? Ngo???i giao Singapore v??? v???n ????? n??y ???? kh???ng ?????nh l???i ??i???u ????, l?? kh??ng c?? g?? thay ?????i trong th??i ?????, ch??nh s??ch c???a Singapore ?????i v???i Vi???t Nam.

T??m l???i, nh???ng ph??n t??ch ch??a c?? c?? s??? v???ng ch???c, theo h?????ng ???thuy???t ??m m??u??? v??? c??c ph??t bi???u c???a Th??? t?????ng L?? Hi???n Long ch??? c??ng g??y th??m hi???u l???m v?? chia r??? gi???a Vi???t Nam v?? Singapore, kh??ng c?? l???i cho Vi???t Nam l???n ASEAN, ch??? c?? l???i cho c??c th??? l???c th??? ba m?? th??i. Thay v?? gi??p b???o v??? v?? n??ng cao l???i ??ch cho Vi???t Nam, c??c quan ??i???m nh?? v???y l???i v?? t??nh l??m h???i l???i ??ch c???a ch??nh ch??ng ta. Ph??a Singapore ???? gi???i th??ch v??? s??? c??? n??y, v?? th??? ch??ng ta n??n d???ng c??u chuy???n n??y l???i ????? n?? kh??ng ??i qu?? xa, g??y ???nh h?????ng ti??u c???c kh??ng c???n thi???t ?????n quan h??? song ph????ng n??i ri??ng c??ng nh?? ??o??n k???t ASEAN n??i chung.

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