H??? Ch?? Minh v???i ngo???i ng???

Thứ năm - 12/09/2019 03:56
H???i h???c ngo???i ng??? (Trung v??n, Nga v??n) ph??? th??ng v?? ?????i h???c c?? nhi???u b??i kh??a, v?? nghe th???y gi??o k??? v??? vi???c h???c ngo???i ng??? phi th?????ng c???a H??? Ch?? Minh. H??? Ch?? Minh bi???t nhi???u ngo???i ng???, trong ???? th??ng th???o Trung, Ph??p, Anh, Nga... B??c H??? th?????ng n??i:"M???i ngo???i ng??? l?? m???t lo???i v?? kh?? gi??ng v??o ?????u k??? th??!" Ti???ng Ph??p, B??c vi???t "B???n ??n ch??? ????? th???c d??n Ph??p", ti???ng Nga, trong kh??ng chi???n ch???ng Ph??p, B??c d???ch" L???ch s??? ?????ng C???ng s???n L??n X??",
H??? Ch?? Minh v???i ngo???i ng???
   H??? CH?? MINH V???I NGO???I NG???
????? Ho??ng
H???i h???c ngo???i ng??? (Trung v??n, Nga v??n) ph??? th??ng v?? ?????i h???c c?? nhi???u b??i kh??a, v?? nghe th???y gi??o k??? v??? vi???c h???c ngo???i ng??? phi th?????ng c???a H??? Ch?? Minh. H??? Ch?? Minh bi???t nhi???u ngo???i ng???, trong ???? th??ng th???o Trung, Ph??p, Anh, Nga... B??c H??? th?????ng n??i:"M???i ngo???i ng??? l?? m???t lo???i v?? kh?? gi??ng v??o ?????u k??? th??!" Ti???ng Ph??p, B??c vi???t "B???n ??n ch??? ????? th???c d??n Ph??p", ti???ng Nga, trong kh??ng chi???n ch???ng Ph??p, B??c d???ch" L???ch s??? ?????ng C???ng s???n L??n X??", d???ch "T???nh ???y b?? m???t" ???????c gi???i A c???a H???i V??n h??a C???u qu???c. Ti???ng Trung th?? B??c qu?? si??u! B??c kh??ng ch??? bi???t ti???ng ph??? th??ng m?? c??n bi???t ph????ng ng??n, t???c ng??? c??c v??ng mi???n nh?? Qu???ng ????ng, Qu???ng T??y... Nay ?????c H??? Tu???n H??ng, gi??o s?? s??? h???c ????i Loan, ??ng H??ng cho bi???t th??m H??? Ch?? Minh c??n bi???t ti???ng ?????a ph????ng ng?????i Kh??ch gia, Mi??u L???t, ????i Loan.
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T??? mi???n
M???t h???u ????ng h??n ti???u t???y c???nh
T????ng v?? xu??n no??n ????ch huy ho??ng
Tai ????ng b??? ng?? lai ??o???n luy???n
S??? ng?? tinh th???n c??nh ki???n c?????ng.
D???ch th??:
T??? khuy??n m??nh
V?? kh??ng c?? c???nh ????ng t??n,
Th?? ????u c?? c???nh huy ho??ng ng??y xu??n;
Ngh?? m??nh trong b?????c gian tru??n,
Tai ????ng r??n luy???n tinh th???n th??m h??ng.
Nam Tr??n
Ch?? gi???i:
???Kh???n tr????ng??? (??????), g???n gi???ng nh?? ???l???u to??n???, n??m 1960, v??n b???n ???Nh???t k?? trong T????? c???a nh?? xu???t b???n V??n h???c ?????i ???kh???n tr????ng??? th??nh ???ki???n c?????ng??? (??????), ?????n n??m 1990 ???? l???y l???i hai t??? n???y. ???Kh???n tr????ng??? l?? t??? r???t th??ng d???ng c???a ng?????i Kh??ch Gia Mi??u L???t, ?? ngh??a c???a n?? l??, th???i gian c???p b??ch r???i, c???n ph???i c?? tinh th???n ph???n ch???n, v?? d??? nh?? c??ch d??ng ti???ng Kh??ch Gia sau ????y: ???Tham gia thi ?????u, th???i gian c??ng g???n c??ng ph???i kh???n tr????ng???.
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L???c li???u nh???t ch??ch nha
Nh?? ????ch t??m t??nh ng???ch th??? c????ng
B???t nh?? l??o thi???t nhuy???n nhi tr?????ng
T??ng lai d??? nh?? ?????ng cam kh???
Hi???n t???i ????ng t??y c??c nh???t ph????ng.
D???ch th??:
R???ng m???t m???t chi???c r??ng
C???ng r???n nh?? anh ch???ng k??m ai,
Ch???ng nh?? l??o l?????i d???o v?? d??i;
Ng???t b??i cay ?????ng t???ng chia s???,
Nay k??? ch??n m??y, k??? cu???i tr???i.
Tr???n ?????c Th???
D??? b???n :
C???ng r???n nh?? anh kh??c th??i th?????ng,
Ph???i ????u m???m t???a l?????i kh??ng x????ng;
Ng???t b??i cay ?????ng t???ng chia s???,
Nay ph???i xa nhau, k??? m???t ???????ng.
Ch?? gi???i:
???L???c li???u nh???t ch??ch nha??? (???????????????): c??ng t??m hi???u, nghi??n c???u, gi???i ngh??a th?? H??? Ch?? Minh, c??ng ph??t hi???n ra, ??ng l?? nh?? th?? d??n gian ch??nh hi???u, v?? trong b??i n???y, ??ng ???? bi???u ?????t ???????c m???i quan h??? gi???a ???nha x?????? (??????-r??ng) v???i ???th???n thi???t??? (??????-m??i l?????i) r???i l???y ???? l??m t???a ?????. ???L???c li???u nh???t ch??ch nha???, th???c ch???t l?? m???t c??u v??n b???t th??ng trong c???u tr??c ng??? ph??p v?? ng??? ngh??a Trung v??n, nh??ng l???i l?? m???t ph????ng ng??n r???t th??ng d???ng n???u ph??t ??m theo c??ch c???a ng?????i Kh??ch Gia, Mi??u L???t, cho d?? kh??ng t????ng ???ng v???i v???i ?? ngh??a bi???u ?????t c??ng m???t ?????i t?????ng trong H??n ng???. V?? v???y, H??? Ch?? Minh ph???i d??ng ???l???c??? (???) v?? ???ch?????? (???) ????? thay th???.

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Nh???t c?? ????? ph???m ???ng???nh??? li???u
Tha th??n ch??? h???u c???t bao b??
Th???ng kh??? c?? h??n b???t kh??? chi
T???c d??? tha nh??ng th???y ng?? tr???c
Kim tri??u tha d?? c???u tuy???n quy.
D???ch th??:
M???t ng?????i t?? c??? b???c ch???t c???ng
Th??n anh da b???c l???y x????ng,
Kh??? ??au, ????i r??t h???t ph????ng s???ng r???i;
????m qua c??n ng??? b??n t??i,
S??ng nay anh ???? v??? n??i su???i v??ng.
Nam Tr??n
Ch?? gi???i:
???Ng???nh li???u??? (??????) h??m ?? ch??? s??? ch???t, l?? m???t t??? r???t th??ng d???ng trong ng??n ng??? Kh??ch Gia Mi??u L???t. Ng?????i Kh??ch Gia th?????ng n??i ???ng???nh li???u??? thay cho ???nh??n t??? li???u??? (ng?????i ch???t) c???a Trung v??n.

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D??? b??n v??n kh???c phu
?? h?? phu qu??n, h??? phu qu??n !
H?? c??? phu qu??n c??? kh?? tr???n ?
S??? thi???p t??ng kim h?? x??? ki???n,
Th???p ph???n t??m h???p ?? ?????u nh??n.
D???ch th??:
N???a ????m nghe ti???ng kh??c ch???ng
H???i ??i, ch??ng h???i, h???i ch??ng ??i !
C?? s??? v?? sao v???i l??nh ?????i ?
????? thi???p t??? nay ????u th???y ???????c,
Con ng?????i t??m ?? h???p m?????i m????i.
Nguy???n S?? L??m

Ch?? gi???i:
???Th???p ph???n t??m h???p ?? ?????u nh??n??? (?????????????????????), tho???t nh??n kh??ng hi???u ?? t??? ra sao, nh???t th???i ch??a th??? gi???i ngh??a. Nh??ng n???u ta bi???t ???????c H??? Ch?? Minh th?????ng c?? th??i quen d??ng ng??n ng??? Kh??ch Gia l??m th??, ?????ng th???i ?????c di???n c???m b??i th??, th?? c?? th??? gi???i ????p ???????c th???c m???c tr??n. H??? Ch?? Minh s??ng t??c th?? th?????ng hay ch?? ?? vi???c gieo v???n n??n r???t kho??i s??? d???ng th??? ph??p ????????o trang???, n???u ??em c??u th?? n???y ?????i th??nh ???Th???p ph???n h???p ?? t??m ?????u nh??n??? v?? d??ng ti???ng Kh??ch Gia ?????c di???n c???m, s??? th???y r???t r?? r??ng ???Th???p ph???n ?? h???p t??m ?????u nh??n??? h??m ?? ch??? s??? ?????ng ?? ?????ng t??nh trong t??m tr???ng con ng?????i.

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Ng???c trung sinh ho???t
M???i nh??n c??c h???u nh???t h???a l??,
?????i ?????i, ti???u ti???u k??? c?? oa;
Ch??? ph???n ch??? tr?? h???u ch??? th??i,
Th??nh thi??n y??n ho??? m???t th???i v??.
D???ch th??:
Sinh ho???t trong t??
H???a l?? ai c??ng c?? ri??ng r???i,
Nh??? nh???, to to m???y chi???c n???i;
C??m, n?????c, rau, canh, ??un v???i n???u,
Su???t ng??y kh??i l???a m??i kh??ng th??i.
Nam Tr??n
Ch?? gi???i:
???M???t th???i v????? (?????????), m???y t??? n???y r???t kh??ng h???p l?? n???u x??t theo c?? ph??p Trung v??n, tr??i l???i, ?????c theo Kh??ch Gia tho???i s??? d??? d??ng bi???t ???????c ?? t??? c???a n??. ???? l?? ???l??c n??o c??ng c?????. B??i th?? n???y, ?????c di???n c???m theo ti???ng Kh??ch Gia, Mi??u L???t r???t thu???n mi???ng v?? d??? hi???u.
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Thi??n Giang ng???c
Lung ngo???i l???c th???p c???u nh??n ??ng,
Lung trung ????ch ??ng b???t tri s???;
Giam ph??ng kh?????c t?????ng b??o d?????c ???????ng,
H???u t?????ng nhai th?????ng m???i ??ng ph???.
D???ch th??:
Nh?? lao Thi??n Giang
Ngo??i lao s??u ch??n chi???c ang ng?????i,
Ch???ng ch???t trong lao bi???t m???y m????i;
Nh?? ng???c m?? nh?? nh?? ch??? thu???c,
G???i l?? h??ng ch??nh c??ng kh??ng sai.
B??ng Thanh
Ch?? gi???i:
?????ng??? (???), gi??o s?? Ho??ng Tranh gi???i th??ch: L?? lo???i ????? ?????ng b???ng g???m th???i c???, b???ng to, mi???ng nh???. ???Nh??n ??ng??? ch??? lo???i chum b???ng g???m, m???t s??? ?????a ph????ng v??ng Qu???ng T??y c?? t???p qu??n d??ng ch??n ng?????i ch???t. H??? Ch?? Minh nh???ng n??m ???y b??? giam t???i nh?? t?? Thi??n Giang, c?? th??? ???? nh??n th???y lo???i ????? g???m nh?? ???? n??i tr??n ?????ng x????ng ng?????i ch???t sau khi ???????c quy t???p v??o m???t n??i tr?????c c???a nh?? t?? r???i m???i ??em ch??n, n??n m???i c?? t??? ???nh??n ??ng??? (??????). ?????ng??? r???t gi???ng v???i c??ch ph??t ??m Kh??ch Gia ???????c chuy???n sang H??n ng???.

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Th??p ho??? xa v??ng Lai T??n
K??? th???p nh???t lai lao t???u l???,
Kim thi??n ?????c th??p ho??? xa h??nh;
Tuy nhi??n ch??? ?????c t???a th??n th?????ng,
T???t c??nh t??? ????? b??? phi??u l?????ng.
D???ch th??:
????p xe l???a ??i Lai T??n
Cu???c b??? m???y m????i ng??y v???t v???,
H??m nay ???????c b?????c l??n xe h???a;
D?? r???ng ch??? ng???i tr??n ?????ng than,
Sang g???p m???y l???n khi cu???c b???.
????? V??n H??????Hu??? Chi
Ch?? gi???i:
???Lai T??n??? l?? t??n m???t huy???n ??? Qu???ng T??y, thu???c quy???n qu???n l?? ?????a khu Li???u Ch??u, c??ch Li???u Ch??u 80 km.
???Lao??? (???), ????????c??? (???), ???ch??? ?????c??? (??????), ???phi??u l?????ng??? (??????) cho d?? ?????c di???n c???m b???ng Trung v??n c??ng s??? th???y r???t kh??ng l???n ngh??a, th???m ch?? kh??ng bi???t t??c gi??? n??i v??? c??i g??. Tuy nhi??n, n???u d??ng Kh??ch Gia tho???i, ?????c di???n c???m th?? ho??n to??n th??ng su???t v?? d??? hi???u. ???Lao??? (???) l?? ???lao ?????ng??? (v???t v???), ????????c??? (???) l?? ???kh??? d????? (??????), ???ch??? ?????c??? (??????) l?? ???ch??? kh??? d????? (?????????), ?? ngh??a l?? ???ch??? ???????c, c?? th??? ???????c??? ?????u l?? t??? ng??? Kh??ch Gia ???????c chuy???n ??m.
???Phi??u l?????ng??? c??ng l?? ti???ng Kh??ch Gia ???????c chuy???n th??nh t??? ng??? Trung v??n, ch??? s??? so s??nh t???t h??n. V?? kh??ng c?? t??? Trung v??n phi??n ??m ?????i ???ng n??n H??? Ch?? Minh ????nh ph???i d??ng t??? ???phi??u l?????ng??? thay th???.

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Ng?? khoa tr?????ng, Ho??ng khoa vi??n
Ng?? khoa tr?????ng d??? Ho??ng khoa vi??n,
L?????ng nh??n ki???n ng?? th??i kh??? li??n,
??n c???n ???y v???n h??a bang tr???,
Gi?? t?????ng ????ng h??n ki???n no??n thi??n.
D???ch th??:
Khoa tr?????ng h??? Ng??, khoa vi??n h??? Ho??ng
H??? Ng?? tr?????ng khoa v???i h??? Ho??ng,
Th???y ta c??ng c???c ?????ng l??ng th????ng;
??n c???n th??m h???i v?? c???u gi??p,
Nh?? n???ng b???ng l??n gi???a gi?? s????ng.
Nam Tr??n
???Khoa tr?????ng h??? Ng??, khoa vi??n h??? Ho??ng??? ?????u l?? c??c vi??n ch???c c???a c?? quan Ch??nh tr??? b??? thu???c ????? t??? Chi???n khu.
1- ???Gi?? t?????ng???: Ng??? ph??p Trung v??n kh??ng c?? t??? lo???i n???y m?? l?? kh???u ng??? c???a ng?????i Kh??ch Gia. ???l?????ng nh??n??? ch??? hai ng?????i, c??n ???gi?? t?????ng??? ch??? ???h??nh nh?????, ???nh?????.
2- Ph???i l?? ng?????i c?? tr??nh ????? H??n h???c kh?? uy??n b??c m???i tr?????c t??c ???????c ???Nh???t k?? trong T?????, cho d?? ???? h???c H??n v??n r???t c???n th???n, nh??ng kh??ng th?????ng xuy??n tu d?????ng, b??? sung ki???n th???c, l??m sao s??? d???ng ng??n ng??? nhu???n nhuy???n nh?? H??? Ch?? Minh ????? di???n ?????t t?? t?????ng t??nh c???m c???a m??nh qua c??c th??? t??i tr??n.

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Th??? l??? nan
(1)
T???u bi???n cao s??n d??? tu???n nham
Na tri b??nh l??? c??nh nan kham
Cao s??n l??? h??? chung v?? d???ng
B??nh l??? ph??ng nh??n kh?????c b??? giam.
(2)
D?? nguy??n ?????i bi???u Vi???t Nam d??n
Ngh?? ????o Trung Hoa ki???n y???u nh??n
V?? n???i phong ba b??nh ?????a kh???i
T???ng d?? nh???p ng??? t??c gia t??n
(3)
Trung th??nh ng?? b???n v?? t??m c???u
Kh?????c b??? hi???m nghi t??? H??n gian
X??? th??? nguy??n lai phi d??? d???
Nhi kim x??? th??? c??nh nan nan.
D???ch th??:
???????ng ?????i hi???m tr???
(1)
??i kh???p ????o cao, kh???p n??i cao,
Ng??? ????u ???????ng ph???ng l???i lao ??ao !
N??i cao g???p h??? m?? v?? s???,
???????ng ph???ng g???p ng?????i b??? t???ng lao ?!
(2)
Ta l?? ?????i bi???u d??n Vi???t Nam,
T??m ?????n Trung Hoa ????? h???i ????m;
Ai ng??? ?????t b???ng g??y s??ng gi??,
Ph???i l??m ???kh??ch qu????? ??? nh?? giam !
(3)
Ta ng?????i ngay th???ng, l??ng trong tr???ng,
L???i b??? t??nh nghi l?? H??n gian;
X??? th??? t??? x??a kh??ng ph???i d???,
M?? nay, x??? th??? kh?? kh??n h??n.
Nam Tr??n
Ch?? gi???i:
???Trung th??nh???, ???H??n gian???: ???Nh???t k?? trong T????? l?? nh???ng t??? H??n, bi???t H??n ng??? c?? th??? s??ng t??c ???????c
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K?? N?? L???
Ng?? ph???n ?????u th???i qu??n ho???t ?????ng,
Qu??n nh???p ng???c th???i ng?? tr?? lung;
V???n l?? dao dao v??? ki???n di???n,
Th???n giao t??? t???i b???t ng??n trung.
D???ch th??:
G???i Nehru
Khi t??i ph???n ?????u, anh ho???t ?????ng,
Anh ph???i v??o lao, t??i ??? t??;
Mu??n d???m xa v???i ch??a g???p m???t,
Kh??ng l???i m?? v???n c???m th??ng nhau.
Ho??ng Trung Th??ng
Ch?? gi???i:
???N?? L?????? (??????): Gi??o s?? Ho??ng Tranh ch?? th??ch, ???N?? L?????? t???c ???N?? H??ch L?????? (Jawaharlal Nehru ??? 1889???1964), nh?? l??nh ?????o d??n t???c ch??? ngh??a, l??nh t??? ?????ng Qu???c ?????i, Th??? t?????ng nhi???m k??? ?????u (1947???1964) sau khi ???n ????? ?????c l???p. H??? Ch?? Minh v?? Nehru l?? ng?????i c??ng th???i ?????i, ?????u c??ng ra s???c ph???n ?????u cho n???n ?????c l???p d??n t???c v?? qu???c gia. Hai ng?????i ch??a t???ng g???p m???t nh??ng ???? l?? b???n t??m giao t??? l??u. T??? th??ng 12 n??m 1921 ?????n th??ng 6 n??m 1945, Nehru tr?????c sau t???ng b??? b???t 9 l???n. Th???i k??? H??? Ch?? Minh b??? b???t t???i Qu???ng T??y, Nehru c??ng b??? nh?? ??????ng c???c c???a Ch??? ngh??a Th???c d??n Anh, k??? th?? c???a nh??n d??n ???n ????? giam gi???, m?? k??? b???t giam H??? Ch?? Minh, l???i l?? ch??nh ph??? Qu???c d??n ?????ng, m???t l??ng gi???ng h???u h???o, l?? ?????ng minh ch???ng ch??? ngh??a ph??t-x??t.
N??m 1939, H??? Ch?? Minh t???ng nhi???m ch???c ????i tr?????ng ????i th??ng tin V?? tuy???n C?? quan B??t l??? Qu??n Qu???ng T??y v?? nh??n vi??n ????i v?? tuy???n Ban Hu???n luy???n C??n b??? Du k??ch H??nh D????ng, ph??? tr??ch thu th???p th??ng tin ngo???i v??n, sau ???? d???ch sang ti???ng Trung. ?????i v???i t??nh h??nh qu???c t??? v?? c??c l??nh t??? qu???c gia l??c ???y, tr??nh ????? c???a ??ng l?? t????ng ?????i cao.
Th??ng 12 n??m 1927, Nguy???n ??i Qu???c t??? Paris ?????n Bruxelles tham d??? ???H???i ngh??? Th??? gi???i c??c D??n t???c b??? ??p b???c???, Jawaharlal Nehru c??ng tham d??? h???i ngh??? n???y v?? ???????c b???u l??m ???y vi??n Ch???p h??nh, ?????ng th???i, c??ng v???i Nguy???n ??i Qu???c c?? m???i quan h??? r???t m???t thi???t.
                                                        H?? N???i 2016
                                                             ?? - H                

 

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