Ba c??u chuy???n hi???n t??i

Thứ sáu - 05/07/2019 10:07
Ba c??u chuy???n hi???n t??iT??c gi???: H??? Anh H???iL???i gi???i thi???u: Nh??n d???p m???t b???c hi???n t??i l?? nh?? gi??o-nh?? v??n Ph???m To??n, v??? ???Thuy???n tr?????ng??? c???a Nh??m C??nh Bu???m[1] v???a ra ??i h??m 26/6/2019, ch??ng t??i ????ng l???i b??i d?????i ????y c???a H??? Anh H???i (c?? b??? sung).Hi???n t??i l?? nguy??n kh?? c???a qu???c gia -t??? l??u ch??ng ta ???? qu?? quen thu???c v???i c??u n??i n??y v?? n?? ???????c c??c nh?? l??nh ?????o v?? b??o ch?? ta lu??n nh???c t???i. Nh??ng ai l?? hi???n t??i c???a n?????c ta? H??? c?? ???????c coi l?? ???nguy??n kh?? c???a qu???c gia??? kh??ng ? ??? ta v?? ??? n?????c ngo??i, hi???n t??i ???????c ?????i x??? nh?? th??? n??o?
Ba c??u chuy???n hi???n  t??i
Ba c??u chuy???n hi???n  t??i
T??c gi???: H??? Anh H???i
L???i gi???i thi???u: Nh??n d???p m???t b???c hi???n t??i l?? nh?? gi??o-nh?? v??n Ph???m To??n, v??? ???Thuy???n tr?????ng??? c???a Nh??m C??nh Bu???m[1] v???a ra ??i h??m 26/6/2019, ch??ng t??i ????ng l???i b??i d?????i ????y c???a H??? Anh H???i (c?? b??? sung).
Hi???n t??i l?? nguy??n kh?? c???a qu???c gia -t??? l??u ch??ng ta ???? qu?? quen thu???c v???i c??u n??i n??y v?? n?? ???????c c??c nh?? l??nh ?????o v?? b??o ch?? ta lu??n nh???c t???i. Nh??ng ai l?? hi???n t??i c???a n?????c ta? H??? c?? ???????c coi l?? ???nguy??n kh?? c???a qu???c gia??? kh??ng ? ??? ta v?? ??? n?????c ngo??i, hi???n t??i ???????c ?????i x??? nh?? th??? n??o?

Ba C??u chy???n hi???n t??i


T??c gi???: H??? Anh H???i
L???i gi???i thi???u: Nh??n d???p m???t b???c hi???n t??i l?? nh?? gi??o-nh?? v??n Ph???m To??n, v??? ???Thuy???n tr?????ng??? c???a Nh??m C??nh Bu???m[1] v???a ra ??i h??m 26/6/2019, ch??ng t??i ????ng l???i b??i d?????i ????y c???a H??? Anh H???i (c?? b??? sung).
Hi???n t??i l?? nguy??n kh?? c???a qu???c gia -t??? l??u ch??ng ta ???? qu?? quen thu???c v???i c??u n??i n??y v?? n?? ???????c c??c nh?? l??nh ?????o v?? b??o ch?? ta lu??n nh???c t???i. Nh??ng ai l?? hi???n t??i c???a n?????c ta? H??? c?? ???????c coi l?? ???nguy??n kh?? c???a qu???c gia??? kh??ng ? ??? ta v?? ??? n?????c ngo??i, hi???n t??i ???????c ?????i x??? nh?? th??? n??o?
Xin k??? ba chuy???n d?????i ????y.
1. Hi???n t??i ngay c???nh ta
Th??ng 9/2011, nghe tin Gi??o s?? Ho??ng T???y ???????c Hi???p h???i Qu???c t??? v??? T???i ??u to??n c???c trao Gi???i th?????ng Constantin Caratheodory, t??i v??o m???ng Google v?? m???ng Baidu (c???a Trung Qu???c) t??m hi???u xem th??? gi???i bi???t g?? v??? b???c hi???n t??i n??y c???a Vi???t Nam. K???t qu??? cho th???y, t??i bi???t v??? b??c T???y c??n ??t h??n ng?????i n?????c ngo??i.
V?? d???, ti???u s??? b??c Ho??ng T???y b???n ch??? H??n cho bi???t b??c ???????c g???i l?? Ho??ng ???Jefferson??? T???y . B??c c?? con trai l?? Ho??ng D????ng Tu???n, hi???n l?? Ph?? GS t???i ??H C??ng ngh??? Sydney, Australia, v?? con r??? l?? Phan Thi??n Th???ch. C??? hai c??ng nghi??n c???u to??n t???i ??u to??n c???c nh?? GS Ho??ng T???y. Th?? ra c??? nh?? ?????u gi???i to??n, ???H??? ph??? sinh h??? t?????? m??!
Trang m???ng worldcat.org gi???i thi???u GS Ho??ng T???y c?? 31 c??ng tr??nh ????ng trong 57 ???n ph???m ???????c in b???ng s??u ng??n ng??? v?? c?? m???t ??? 846 th?? vi???n.
Trang m???ng ccebook.net gi???i thi???u cu???n Convex Analysis and Global Optimization (Ph??n t??ch v??? L???i v?? T???i ??u to??n c???c) c???a GS Ho??ng T???y, d??y 356 trang, gi?? b??n 249 USD, do Nh?? xu???t b???n Springer xu???t b???n n??m 1998 (khi ??ng 71 tu???i).
Lu???n v??n c?? t???a ????? A Cutting Algorithm for the Minimum Sum-of-Squared Error
Clustering
 c???a hai t??c gi??? Jiming Peng v?? Yu Xia, tr??ch d???n ba t??c ph???m c???a GS
Ho??ng T???y l??:

??? Global optimization do Nxb Springer xu???t b???n t???i Berlin n??m 1993;
??? Concave programming under lincar constraints ????ng tr??n t???p ch?? Soviet Mathematics, n??m 1964 ;
??? S??ch Clustering via d.c. optimization, xu???t b???n n??m 2001.
Danh t??? ri??ng Tuy???s cut (L??t c???t Ho??ng T???y) xu???t hi???n nhan nh???n trong c??c t??i li???u n??i v??? L?? thuy???t T???i ??u to??n c???c.
Th?? ra hi???n t??i ??? ngay c???nh ta nh??ng ch??nh ta ch???ng bi???t, ho???c bi???t m?? kh??ng coi tr???ng.
Sau khi GS Ho??ng T???y ???????c trao Gi???i th?????ng cao qu?? Caratheodory, b??o ch?? ta b???t ?????u ????ng nhi???u tin v??? ??ng. L??nh ?????o Nh?? n?????c ?????n t???n nh?? ch??c m???ng, t???ng hoa v?? ??m h??n ??ng. S??ng 30/9/2011 ????ch th??n Ph?? Th??? t?????ng Nguy???n Thi???n Nh??n tham gia ch????ng tr??nh truy???n h??nh b??n v???n ????? Coi tr???ng c??c nh?? tr?? th???c, nh???ng hi???n t??i c???a x?? h???i???
Nh??ng c?? l??? GS Ho??ng T???y m???ng ??t t???i nhi???u. ??? tu???i 84 (??ng sinh n??m 1927), n???u c??c ?? ki???n t??m huy???t h???t l??ng v?? n?????c v?? d??n c???a ??ng ????ng g??p cho Nh?? n?????c su???t m???y ch???c n??m qua c??? ti???p t???c r??i v??o im l???ng kh??ng c?? ph???n h???i th?? sao ??ng c?? th??? vui ???????c?[2]
2. Th??nhnh??n c??ng c?? th??? b??? ????a ??i c???i t???o lao ?????ng
?????i v??n h??o L??? T???n c???a Trung Qu???c kh??ng xa l??? g?? v???i ng?????i Vi???t Nam. B??c H??? t???ng h???t l???i ca ng???i c??u Tr???ng m???t coi khinh ng??n l???c s??/ C??i ?????u l??m ng???a ?????a nhi ?????ng (l???i d???ch c???a B??c H???) m?? L??? T???n d??ng l??m ch??m ng??n t??? r??n m??nh. Qu??? th???t L??? T???n v?? c??ng d??ng c???m d??ng ng??i b??t t??? c??o ch??? ????? ?????c t??i chuy??n ch??? c???a x?? h???i phong ki???n ng??y x??a v?? c???a T???ng th???ng T?????ng Gi???i Th???ch ??????ng th???i.
Th???p k??? 30 th??? k??? XX, Mao Tr???ch ????ng d???n m???t ?????i du k??ch l??n r???ng l???p chi???n khu ch???ng l???i nh?? ?????c t??i h??? T?????ng. Sau khi ???????c ?????c L??? T???n To??n t???p (in n??m 1938, khi L??? T???n ???? m???t), Mao v?? c??ng kh??m ph???c L??? T???n. ??ng tuy??n b??? L??? T???n l?? ???????? nh???t ?????ng th??nh nh??n??? c???a Trung Qu???c ; ???Kh???ng T??? l?? th??nh nh??n c???a x?? h???i phong ki???n, L??? T???n l?? th??nh nh??n c???a Trung Qu???c hi???n ?????i???.
Sau khi Trung Qu???c ???????c gi???i ph??ng kh???i ??ch cai tr??? c???a h??? T?????ng, Mao Tr???ch ????ng tr??? th??nh l??nh t??? t???i cao n?????c n??y. Trong m???t cu???c h???p v???i c??c nh?? v??n, c?? ng?????i h???i n???u L??? T???n b??y gi??? c??n s???ng th?? s??? l??m g??? Mao suy ngh?? gi??y l??t r???i nghi??m ch???nh tr??? l???i: L??? T???n s??? ho???c l?? ng???i nh?? kh??ng vi???t l??ch g?? c??? ho???c l?? ??? trong tr???i lao ?????ng c???i t???o!
Mao n??i th???t l??ng v?? kh??ng sai. L??? T???n su???t ?????i ?????u tranh ????i t??? do d??n ch???, v?? th??? ??ng n???i ti???ng. Nh??ng n???n ch??nh tr??? do Mao v?? ?????ng c???a ??ng thi???t l???p ??? n?????c n??y kh??ng th??? c?? th??? ???xa x??? ph???m t??? do d??n ch?????? ???y m?? L??? T???n ????i ph???i ????? cho ng?????i Trung Qu???c ???????c h?????ng. N???u L??? T???n v???n ????i th?? ch???c ch???n s??? b??? ch??nh quy???n Mao cho ??i lao ?????ng c???i t???o.
H??a ra, hi???n t??i ?????n m???c ???????c t??n l?? Th??nh Nh??n, ???????c tung h?? ch??? khi ???? ch???t r???i. Ch??? n???u c??n s???ng th?????coi ch???ng, ch??? t??i ??i v???i ch??? tai m???t v???n.
Ti???p ???? khi Mao Tr???ch ????ng th???c thi ch??? tr????ng ?????i Nh???y V???t l??m cho m???y ch???c tri???u n??ng d??n ch???t ????i v?? ph???i b??? vi???c ?????ng ??ng ??i luy???n gang th??p. B??? tr?????ng Qu???c ph??ng l?? Nguy??n so??i B??nh ?????c Ho??i khi h???p h???i ngh??? trung ????ng ?????ng CSTQ c?? th???ng th???n n??u l??n m???t s??? sai l???m c???a ch??? tr????ng ???y. R???t cu???c ??ng b??? c??ch h???t m???i ch???c v???.
T??? ???? c??c hi???n t??i n?????c n??y ?????u im l???ng, ngay c??? khi th???y l??nh ?????o sai r?? r??ng.
3. Thi??n t??i ngang b?????ng
Steve Jobs l?? m???t hi???n t??i n???i ti???ng n?????c M???, nguy??n Gi??m ?????c ??i???u h??nh (CEO) c??ng ty Apple. N??m 1997 ??ng tr??? l???i l??nh ?????o c??ng ty n??y, t???ng b?????c h???i sinh Apple, l??m cho gi?? c??? phi???u c??ng ty t??? 4 USD t??ng l??n t???i 40 USD n??m 2006, Apple t??? s???p ph?? s???n tr??? th??nh c??ng ty c?? gi?? tr??? th??? tr?????ng l???n nh???t th??? gi???i. C??? lo??i ng?????i bi???t t??n ??ng qua c??c s???n ph???m m??y t??nh c?? nh??n, m??y nghe nh???c, m??y t??nh b???ng v?? ??i???n tho???i th??ng minh.
T??? truy???n Steve Jobs c?? k??? l???i chuy???n m??a thu n??m 2010 Nh?? Tr???ng b??o cho Steve Jobs bi???t h??? c?? ?? ?????nh thu x???p ????? ??ng v?? T???ng th???ng Obama g???p nhau, nh??ng Steve Jobs n???i ti???ng kh?? t??nh, ngang b?????ng v?? ki??u ng???o, kh??ng kh??ng y??u c???u T???ng th???ng ph???i ????ch th??n m???i th?? ??ng m???i g???p.
Sau 5 ng??y b??n ??i b??n l???i, cu???i c??ng Steve Jobs ch???u nh?????ng b??? ?????n m???t kh??ch s???n ??? g???n tr??? s??? c???a Apple (?????t t???i San Francisco) g???p Obama, ngh??a l?? T???ng th???ng M??? ph???i bay 5.000 km ????? t???i ????y. V???a g???p nhau, Steve Jobs n??i ngay v???i Obama: ?????ng ch??? c?? th??? l??m T???ng th???ng m???t kh??a th??i!??? v?? khuy??n ch??nh ph??? M??? n??n th??n thi???n h??n v???i c??c doanh nghi???p, t???o ??i???u ki???n cho h??? d??? d??ng m??? nh?? m??y x?? nghi???p.
??ng ????? ngh??? Obama m???i ch???ng d??m b???y CEO ?????n ????? nghe h??? tr??nh b??y nhu c???u trong vi???c l???p c??c doanh nghi???p s??ng t???o. T???ng th???ng Obama vui v??? l???ng nghe c??c ?? ki???n ph?? ph??n, g??p ?? c???a Steve Jobs.
Sau ???? Nh?? Tr???ng l??n k??? ho???ch m???i h??n ch???c v??? CEO ?????n d??? cu???c h???p th??n m???t c?? k??m b???a c??m do T???ng th???ng Obama chi??u ????i v?? g???i k??? ho???ch n??y cho Steve Jobs xem tr?????c.
Th???y s??? ng?????i ???????c m???i nhi???u h??n ????? ngh??? c???a m??nh, ??ng n??i kh??ng mu???n d??? h???p n???a. Khi xem th???c ????n b???a ??n, Steve Jobs l???i th??? hi???n s??? kh?? t??nh c???a m??nh (??ng v???n ??n chay ni???m Ph???t), ch?? th???c ????n n??y t???n k??m qu?? v?? ph???n ?????i vi???c d??ng s??-c??-la l??m m??n ng???t tr??ng mi???ng. Nh??ng Nh?? Tr???ng kh??ng nh?????ng b???, v?? Obama th??ch m??n ???y.
Steve Jobs kh??ng ????? l???i nhi???u ???n t?????ng t???t cho Obama nh??ng sau ???? hai ng?????i v???n n??i chuy???n ??i???n tho???i v???i nhau m???y l???n. C?? l???n Steve Jobs c??n ????? ngh??? ????? ??ng gi??p Obama thi???t k??? qu???ng c??o cho vi???c Obama tranh c??? T???ng th???ng nhi???m k??? hai, n??m 2012.
Ng??y 5/10/2011, ba ti???ng ?????ng h??? sau khi c??ng ty Apple c??ng b??? tin Steve Jobs qua ?????i, T???ng th???ng Obama x??c ?????ng tuy??n b??? t???i Nh?? Tr???ng: ???Michelle [v??? Obama] va?? t??i r????t ??au bu????n khi bi????t tin Steve Jobs qua ??????i. ??ng la?? m????t trong nh????ng nha?? pha??t minh vi?? ??a??i nh????t n??????c My??, ??ng ????y co?? ??u?? du??ng c???m ?????? suy nghi?? m????t ca??ch kha??c ng?????i, ??u?? ma??nh me?? ?????? tin r????ng mi??nh co?? th???? thay ??????i th???? gi????i va?? ??u?? ta??i n??ng ?????? th????c hi????n ??i????u ??o?????.
Ai c??ng bi???t Steve Jobs ???? l??m thay ?????i c??? th??? gi???i. Nh??ng v?? sao ??ng l??m ???????c ??i???u ?????
Ch???ng nh???ng v?? ??ng c?? t??i, m?? ??i???u quan tr???ng h??n l?? v?? x?? h???i n?????c M??? t???o ??i???u ki???n cho m???i c??ng d??n c?? c?? h???i ph??t tri???n nh?? nhau, v?? l??nh ?????o n?????c n??y bi???t ph??t hi???n, bi???t l???ng nghe c??c hi???n t??i. Ai c?? t??i th???c th?? t??? nhi??n s??? ???????c tr???ng d???ng.
??????????????????P/v Theo Nghi??n c???u Qu???c t???
[1] Nh??m C??nh Bu???m th??nh l???p n??m 2009, do nh?? gi??o l??o th??nh Ph???m To??n (1932-2019) ?????ng ?????u, g???m m???t s??? ng?????i t??? nguy???n l??m kh??ng nh???n th?? lao c??ng vi???c bi??n so???n b??? s??ch gi??o khoa ki???u m???i cho b???c ti???u h???c v?? ph??? th??ng. Tham kh???o: https://www.tienphong.vn/xa-hoi/canh-buom-cua-ong-toan-1082578.tpo
[2] Th??ng 6/2019, GS Ho??ng T???y xu???t b???n cu???n s??ch ???Xin ???????c n??i th???ng???, g???m 50 b??i GS vi???t trong h??n 20 n??m, ch??? y???u v???ch ra nh???ng sai l???m thi???u s??t ???? v?? ??ang ng??n c???n s??? ti???n b??? v??? khoa h???c k??? thu???t v?? gi??o d???c ??? n?????c ta, v?? n??u c??c ki???n ngh??? s???a ?????i. Trong s??ch ??ng vi???t ???L??? s???ng c??n c???a d??n t???c k??u g???i ta h??y ch??m lo ????o t???o, ph??t hi???n v?? b???i d?????ng, s??? d???ng v?? ph??t tri???n nh??n t??i???. L?? ???nguy??n kh?? qu???c gia??? m?? ph???i ???xin??? ???????c n??i th???ng. Ri??ng t???a ????? s??ch ???? cho th???y hi???n t??i ??? ta ???????c t??n tr???ng nh?? th??? 

 

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