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Th??? gi???i h??m nay 27- 8 - 2019

T???i h???i ngh??? th?????ng ?????nh G7 ??? Ph??p, T???ng th???ng Donald Trump n??i r???ng M??? v?? Trung Qu???c s??? s???m n???i l???i ????m ph??n th????ng m???i. H??m th??? S??u, ??ng Trump tuy??n b??? t??ng thu??? c???a M??? ?????i v???i h??ng Trung Qu???c v?? ???? tweet r???ng ??ng s??? ???y??u c???u??? c??c c??ng ty M??? r???i kh???i Trung Qu???c
Th??? gi???i h??m nay 27- 8 - 2019

Th??? gi???i h??m nay: 27/08/2019

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Ngu???n: The Economist | Bi??n d???ch: ????? ?????ng Nh???t Huy

T???i h???i ngh??? th?????ng ?????nh G7 ??? Ph??p, T???ng th???ng Donald Trump n??i r???ng M??? v?? Trung Qu???c s??? s???m n???i l???i ????m ph??n th????ng m???i. H??m th??? S??u, ??ng Trump tuy??n b??? t??ng thu??? c???a M??? ?????i v???i h??ng Trung Qu???c v?? ???? tweet r???ng ??ng s??? ???y??u c???u??? c??c c??ng ty M??? r???i kh???i Trung Qu???c. ?????ng th??i c???a ??ng l??m cho th??? tr?????ng lo l???ng. Nh??ng v??o h??m th??? Hai, ??ng cho bi???t c??c cu???c g???i t??? Trung Qu???c ???? m??? l???i c??nh c???a ????m ph??n.

Tr??n b??nh di???n ngo???i giao, T???ng th???ng Ph??p Emmanuel Macron cho bi???t t???i cu???c h???p b??o c???a h???i ngh??? th?????ng ?????nh G7 r???ng ??i???u ki???n cho m???t cu???c g???p g??? gi???a ??ng Trump v?? Hassan Rouhani, T???ng th???ng Iran, ???? ???????c thi???t l???p. Ngo???i tr?????ng Iran ???? b???t ng??? ?????n tham d??? h???i ngh???. ??ng Trump n??i r???ng c?? ???m???t c?? h???i th???c s??? t???t???, v?? ??ng s??? g???p ??ng Rouhani ???khi ho??n c???nh ph?? h???p???.

C??c m??y bay qu??n s??? c???a Brazil b???t ?????u d???i n?????c v??o c??c ????m ch??y trong r???ng nhi???t ?????i Amazon, sau khi T???ng th???ng Jair Bolsonaro ch??nh th???c cho ph??p qu??n ?????i h??? tr??? h??m th??? S??u. ??ng b??? ch??? tr??ch n???ng n??? v?? ph??? nh???n bi???n ?????i kh?? h???u v?? ch???m ch???p trong vi???c ???ng ph?? v???i c??c ????m ch??y, v?? tr?????c ???? n???a l?? ch???m tr??? trong vi???c ng??n ch???n n???n khai th??c g??? qu?? m???c. R???ng Amazon h???p th??? l?????ng l???n carbon dioxide, v?? do ???? ph?? h???y n?? s??? th??c ?????y s??? n??ng l??n to??n c???u.

T??? Financial Times ???? ????a tin v??? m???t ???t??i li???u ph???c v??? nghi??n c???u??? trong n???i b??? Li??n minh Ch??u ??u v??? vi???c n???i l???ng c??c quy t???c t??i kh??a, v???n c???m c??c n?????c th??m h???t ng??n s??ch tr??n 3% GDP v?? ?????t m???c ti??u chung l?? t???ng n??? kh??ng ???????c v?????t qu?? 60% GDP. C??c quy t???c, d???u ch??? ???????c thi h??nh kh??ng nh???t qu??n, c?? th??? g??y thi???t h???i cho c??c n???n kinh t??? ??ang suy y???u b???ng c??ch bu???c h??? ph???i c???t gi???m ng??n s??ch trong khi c??i h??? c???n l?? k??ch c???u n???n kinh t???.

Ch??nh ph??? trung h???u m???i c???a Hy L???p ???? tuy??n b??? s??? d??? b??? ho??n to??n ki???m so??t v???n t??? ng??y 1/9. C??c bi???n ph??p n??y ???? ???????c ????a ra v??o n??m 2015 khi c??c nh?? ?????u t?? lo s??? r???ng Hy L???p c?? th??? b??? ?????y ra kh???i khu v???c ?????ng euro trong b???i c???nh n?????c n??y ch??m trong kh???ng ho???ng kinh t??? v?? t??i ch??nh. B??? tr?????ng t??i ch??nh Christos Staikouras ???? ???qu???ng c??o??? v??? m???t Hy L???p s???n s??ng thu h??t c??c kho???n ?????u t?? m???i v?? ?????t x???p h???ng t??n d???ng cao h??n.

T???ng th???ng Indonesia Joko Widodo tuy??n b??? r???ng n?????c n??y s??? d???i th??? ???? c???a m??nh ?????n t???nh ????ng Kalimantan, tr??n ?????o Borneo, g???n trung t??m c???a qu???n ?????o n??y. Jakarta, th??? ???? hi???n t???i n???m tr??n ?????o Java v??? ph??a T??y, ??ang b??? s???t l??n, ?????ng th???i ph???i ch???u c???nh giao th??ng t???i t???.

Amgen ???? ?????ng ?? mua l???i Otezla, th????ng hi???u thu???c ??i???u tr??? b???nh v???y n???n c???a Celgene, v???i gi?? 13,4 t??? ???? la b???ng ti???n m???t. Th???a thu???n n??y, v???n ??ang c??? g???ng l??m d???u c??c m???i quan ng???i v??? ch???ng ?????c quy???n c???a ???y ban Th????ng m???i Li??n bang Hoa K???, s??? m??? ???????ng cho Bristol-Myers Squibb, m???t ng?????i kh???ng l??? trong ng??nh c??ng ngh??? sinh h???c, ho??n th??nh vi???c mua Celgene. V??? mua l???i tr??? gi?? 90 t??? ???? la s??? l?? m???t trong nh???ng th????ng v??? s??p nh???p l???n nh???t t??? tr?????c ?????n nay trong ng??nh d?????c ph???m.

TI??U ??I???M

K???t qu??? c???a H???i ngh??? G7

C??c d??? ??o??n d?????ng nh?? ?????u b??? ch???ch h?????ng khi H???i ngh??? th?????ng ?????nh G7 v??o tu???n n??y kh??ng k???t th??c m???t c??ch th???m h???i, m?? tr??i l???i ???? th??nh c??ng. Song c?? nh???ng k???t qu??? n??o ???? ?????t ???????c t???i Biarritz? Donald Trump v?? Emmanuel Macron c??ng c??ng b??? th???a thu???n v??? thu??? d???ch v??? k??? thu???t s??? c???a Ph??p, ph??? thu???c v??o th???a thu???n trong t????ng lai c???a c??c n?????c OECD. Tr??n b??nh di???n li??n Th??i B??nh D????ng, ??ng Trump th??ng b??o tri???n v???ng tr??? l???i ????m ph??n v???i Trung Qu???c. ???? l?? m???t s??? thay ?????i v??? gi???ng ??i???u, nh??ng kh??ng ph???i l?? v??? b???n ch???t. H??m th??? S??u, ??ng Trump ???? t??ng thu??? ?????i v???i h??n 500 t??? ???? la h??ng Trung Qu???c.

Trong khi ????, M??? v?? Nh???t B???n ???? c??ng b??? m???t th???a thu???n v??? ho???t ?????ng th????ng m???i song ph????ng nh??ng kh??ng ????a ra chi ti???t; ??ng Trump c?? v??? h??i l??ng ch??? y???u v?? Nh???t s??? t??m c??ch khuy???n kh??ch khu v???c t?? nh??n mua ng?? t??? M???, v???n b??? thi???t h???i l???n do th????ng chi???n v???i Trung Qu???c. Th???t kh?? ????? n??i r???ng m???t h??a ?????c ??? ch??? kh??ng ph???i m???t l???nh ng???ng b???n ????? gi??p t???t c??? c??c b??n t??i v?? trang ??? ??ang n???m trong t???m tay.

Ng??nh c??ng nghi???p Trung Qu???c b??? thi???t h???i n???ng

C??c c??ng ty c??ng nghi???p Trung Qu???c c?? nhi???u ??i???u ????? lo ng???i. D??? li???u ng??y h??m nay c?? th??? s??? cho th???y l???i nhu???n c???a h??? gi???m m???t l???n n???a v??o th??ng 7, v?? bi???n n??m nay tr??? th??nh n??m t???i t??? nh???t c???a h??? trong m???t th???p ni??n. Nguy??n nh??n r?? r??ng nh???t cho nh???ng thi???t h???i c???a h??? ch??nh l?? cu???c chi???n tranh th????ng m???i ng??y c??ng leo thang v?? kh?? kh??n v???i M???; c??c ????n thu??? ti???p theo s??? c?? hi???u l???c t??? ng??y 1 th??ng 9. ????y l?? m???t l???c c???n ?????i v???i h??ng xu???t kh???u c???a Trung Qu???c v?? s??? l??m n???n l??ng c??c nh?? ?????u t?? n?????c ngo??i t???i ????y, ph??? m???t t????ng lai m??? m???t l??n nhi???u l??nh v???c tr???i d??i t??? s???n xu???t ?? t?? ?????n s???n xu???t d???u.

C??c c??ng ty c??ng nghi???p c??n ph???i ch???u c??c ??p l???c do ph???n ???ng c???a ch??nh ph??? ?????i v???i s??? ch???m l???i c???a n???n kinh t???. Trong qu?? kh??? h??? c?? th??? tr??ng ch??? v??o m???t g??i k??ch th??ch. Song c??c quan ch???c t??? ra h???n ch??? h??n trong chi ti??u n??m nay nh???m ki???m so??t m???c n???. V???i gi?? th??nh c???a nh?? s???n xu???t b???t ?????u h?????ng t???i gi???m ph??t, l???i nhu???n c??ng nghi???p ???????c d??? ??o??n s??? c??n gi???m h??n n???a trong nh???ng th??ng t???i.

L???i nhu???n c??c c??ng ty ch??? t???o Trung Qu???c.

Costco gia nh???p th??? tr?????ng Trung Qu???c

Carrefour c???a Ph??p r???i b??? h???i th??ng S??u. Metro, m???t c??ng ty b??n bu??n c???a ?????c, c??ng ??ang trong qu?? tr??nh b??n l???i c??ng ty con c???a h??? t???i ????y. Tesco c???a Anh ???? r???i ??i c??ch ????y n???a th???p ni??n. Tuy nhi??n, kh??ng ph???i t???t c??? c??c ?????i gia si??u th??? ph????ng T??y ?????u ???ch??n??? th??? tr?????ng Trung Qu???c. H??m nay Costco m??? c???a h??ng ?????u ti??n c???a h??? t???i ?????i l???c, ??? th??nh ph??? Th?????ng H???i gi??u c??. N??m n??m tr?????c, nh?? b??n l??? gi?? b??nh d??n c???a M??? ???? th??? nghi???m th??? tr?????ng n??y b???ng vi???c b??n h??ng tr???c tuy???n; c??ng ty ??ang t???n d???ng th???c t??? r???ng c??c kh??ch h??ng gi??u c?? ???? bi???t ?????n th????ng hi???u c???a h??? t??? m???ng tr???c tuy???n c??ng nh?? nh???ng chuy???n ??i n?????c ngo??i .

H??? ph???i ?????i m???t v???i s??? c???nh tranh gay g???t t??? nh???ng ng?????i kh???ng l??? c???a Trung Qu???c. Alibaba, t???p ??o??n th????ng m???i ??i???n t??? c???a ch??nh Trung Qu???c, c?? m???t chu???i si??u th??? l??? m???t mang t??n Hema, ???????c trang b??? nh?? b???p ????? c?? th??? mang c?? n?????ng ?????n t???n c???a nh?? b???n trong v??ng ch??a ?????y n???a gi???. Costco c??ng ph???i ?????i ?????u v???i m???t ?????i th??? t??? qu?? nh??: Walmart, trong li??n minh c???a h??? v???i JD.com, m???t ?????i th??? c???a Alibaba. V?? JD.com, v??ng, c??ng c?? chu???i si??u th??? ri??ng c???a h???.

Cu???c ??ua ng??n ch???n Brexit kh??ng th???a thu???n

??ng Boris Johnson ???? n??i vui r???ng Anh c?? th??? d??? d??ng ?????i ph?? v???i Brexit kh??ng th???a thu???n v??o ng??y 31 th??ng 10. ??a s??? c??c ngh??? s??, bao g???m c??? c??c ?????ng vi??n B???o th??? ?????ng minh c???a Th??? t?????ng, kh??ng ?????ng ?? v?? mu???n ng??n ch???n vi???c kh??ng c?? th???a thu???n. Song h??? kh??ng th???ng nh???t v??? c??ch l??m. Jeremy Corbyn, l??nh ?????o C??ng ?????ng, ???? m???i l??nh ?????o c??c ?????ng kh??c tham d??? m???t cu???c h???p v??o h??m nay ????? th???o lu???n v??? c??c b?????c ti???p theo, bao g???m c??? m???t th???i ??i???m th??ch h???p nh???m ????? xu???t m???t cu???c b??? b???t t??n nhi???m ?????i v???i ch??nh ph??? c???a ??ng Johnson.

Tuy nhi??n, nh???ng ?????ng vi??n B???o th??? v???n ph???n ?????i Brexit kh??ng th???a thu???n l???i t??? ch???i tham d???, n??i r???ng h??? kh??ng th??? ???ng h??? b???t k??? ?????ng th??i n??o c?? th??? ????a ??ng Corbyn ?????n ph??? Downing. H??? th??ch l???p l???i m???t th??? thu???t ???? th???c hi???n v??o th??ng 3 h??n, c??? th??? l?? c??c ngh??? s?? s??? chi ph???i ch????ng tr??nh ngh??? s??? c???a qu???c h???i v?? ????a ra lu???t bu???c ch??nh ph??? ph???i t??m c??ch gia h???n th???i h???n Brexit. Song kh??ng r?? l?? trong th???i gian c??n l???i k??? ho???ch n??y c?? th??nh c??ng hay kh??ng. V?? v???y, m???c d?? h???u h???t c??c ngh??? s?? ?????u ph???n ?????i Brexit kh??ng th???a thu???n, song kh??? n??ng x???y ra c???a n?? ??ang ng??y c??ng l???n.

H??ng h??ng kh??ng m???i c???a ???n ?????

S??ng nay Vistara th???c hi???n chuy???n bay ?????u ti??n c???a h??? t??? Delhi ?????n Bangkok: tuy???n qu???c t??? m???i th??? ba trong v??ng m???t th??ng c???a m???t h??ng h??ng kh??ng ch??a h??? t???n t???i v??o n??m n??m tr?????c. L?? m???t li??n doanh gi???a Singapore Airlines v?? t???p ??oan ?????u t?? l???n nh???t ???n ????? Tata Sons, Vistara ???? tr??? th??nh m???t h??ng v???n t???i cao c???p k??? t??? n??m 2015. H??? l??m ???????c v???y l?? nh??? v??o nh???ng s???y ch??n b???t ng??? c???a c??c ?????i th???.

Air India ??ang g???p nhi???u kh?? kh??n h??n k??? t??? khi ch??nh ph??? th???t b???i trong vi???c b??n n?? v??o m??a h?? n??m ngo??i; n??m nay, h??ng h??ng kh??ng ph???i ch???u th??m 68 tri???u ???? la chi ph?? sau khi Pakistan ????ng c???a bi??n gi???i h??ng kh??ng v???i ???n ?????. Jet Airways, t???ng l?? h??ng h??ng kh??ng t?? nh??n ?????y ????? d???ch v??? l???n nh???t ???n ?????, ???? s???p ????? v??o th??ng T?? (c???u ch??? t???ch c???a h??ng ??ang b??? ??i???u tra v?? c??c vi ph???m t??i ch??nh, ??i???u m?? ??ng ph??? nh???n). V???i vi???c kh??ng c??n s??? c???nh tranh c???a Jet, gi?? v?? ???? t??ng 32%. S??? c?? nh???ng ng?????i ch??i t????ng ?????i m???i l???p ?????y c??c kho???ng tr???ng n??y. IndiGo, m???t h??ng kh??c n???a, ???? c??ng b??? chuy???n bay tr???c ti???p ?????u ti??n ?????n Trung Qu???c ?????i l???c: t??? Delhi ?????n Th??nh ???? v???i ch??? 192 ???? la m???t chuy???n kh??? h???i.
 

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