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L?? Du???n - Ng?????i h??ng ch???ng Trung Qu???c! - Kh??ng m???t ?????t!!

Trong cu???n s??? tay c???a TBT L?? Du???n n??m 1978 m?? gia ????nh ??ng c??n gi???, c?? ??o???n vi???t: ????????t n?????c Vi???t Nam ph???i gi??u m???nh v?? h??ng c?????ng. ???? l?? v??? tr?? l???ch s??? v?? ?????a d?? c???a Vi???t Nam, kh??ng th??? kh??c ???????c. V?? ch??ng ta ??? b??n c???nh m???t ?????t n?????c m?? l???ch s??? c???a n?????c ???? ch??a bao gi??? t??? b??? d?? t??m x??m l?????c ?????t n?????c ta???.
L?? Du???n - Ng?????i h??ng ch???ng Trung Qu???c! -   Kh??ng m???t ?????t!!
Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 1.

Trong cu???n s??? tay c???a TBT L?? Du???n n??m 1978 m?? gia ????nh ??ng c??n gi???, c?? ??o???n vi???t: ????????t n?????c Vi???t Nam ph???i gi??u m???nh v?? h??ng c?????ng. ???? l?? v??? tr?? l???ch s??? v?? ?????a d?? c???a Vi???t Nam, kh??ng th??? kh??c ???????c. V?? ch??ng ta ??? b??n c???nh m???t ?????t n?????c m?? l???ch s??? c???a n?????c ???? ch??a bao gi??? t??? b??? d?? t??m x??m l?????c ?????t n?????c ta???. 

Nh??ng kh??ng ph???i ?????n n??m 1978, th???i ??i???m quan h??? gi???a hai n?????c Vi???t Nam v?? Trung Qu???c ng??y c??ng tr??? n??n x???u ??i t??nh t??? sau khi hai mi???n Nam ??? B???c Vi???t Nam th???ng nh???t, ??ng L?? Du???n m???i nh???n ra ??i???u ??????? 

N??m 1954, vi???c Hi???p ?????nh Geneve ???????c k?? k???t ???? b??? ngo???t nh???n th???c c???a ??ng L?? Du???n v??? m???i quan h??? ?????ng ch?? ????. D?? tr?????c ????, nh?? bao nh?? l??nh ?????o kh??c c???a Vi???t Nam, ??ng L?? Du???n th???c s??? tin r???ng, Trung Qu???c l?? ng?????i b???n l??u d??i c???a c??ch m???ng Vi???t Nam.

Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 2.

Ch??? t???ch H??? Ch?? Minh v?? ?????ng ch?? L?? Du???n.


Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 3.

??ng Vi???t Ph????ng - ng?????i t???ng l??m Th?? k?? cho c??? Th??? t?????ng Ph???m V??n ?????ng v?? TBT L?? Du???n khi c??n s???ng, ???? n??i v??? Hi???p ?????nh Geneva nh?? sau: ???T???i Geneva - Th???y S??, Trung Qu???c - v???i s??? ???nh h?????ng c???a m??nh, ???? kh??ng kh??ng ch???n v?? tuy???n 17 l?? gi???i tuy???n chia hai mi???n Nam - B???c. Khi ch??ng ta b??n b???c v???n ????? n??y v???i Trung Qu???c, h??? ???? n??i: ???C??c ?????ng ch?? h??y ????? cho ch??ng t??i tu??? c?? ???ng bi???n???. Khi n??i nh?? th???, ng?????i Trung Qu???c ???? t??? cho m??nh c??i quy???n ?????nh ??o???t s??? ph???n c???a ng?????i Vi???t Nam tr??n b??n ????m ph??n???. 

Khi Hi???p ?????nh Geneva ???????c k?? k???t ch??nh l?? l??c ??ng L?? Du???n ??ang tr??n ???????ng t??? Nam B??? ra mi???n B???c ????? b??o c??o v???i B??c H??? v?? Trung ????ng t??nh h??nh c??ch m???ng to??n mi???n Nam. ??ng L?? Du???n c??n chu???n b??? m???t b???n d??? th???o ????a ra nh???ng v???n ????? quan tr???ng ph???c v??? cho cu???c ????m ph??n ??? Geneva. Nh??ng ra ?????n Li??n khu 5, ??ng b???t ng??? nghe tin Hi???p ?????nh Geneva ???? ???????c k?? k???t ng??y 21.7.1954. Su???t ????m ????, ??ng th???c tr???ng.

Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 4.

??ng L?? Du???n ki??n quy???t ph???n ?????i vi???c chia c???t ?????t n?????c. N???u bu???c ph???i l??m th???, th?? vi???c chia c???t ph???i ??? v?? tuy???n 13 ch??? kh??ng ph???i ??? v?? tuy???n 17. Nh??ng m???i th??? ???? di???n ra r???t kh??c ??? Geneva.

Ng??y h??m sau, L?? Du???n nh???n ???????c ??i???n tho???i c???a B??c H???, y??u c???u ??ng quay l???i mi???n Nam ????? n??i chuy???n v???i ?????ng b??o trong ????. Tr??n ???????ng ??i, nh??n nh???ng qu??n d??n mi???n Nam gi?? hai ng??n tay ch??o nhau ??? v???a l?? bi???u t?????ng c???a chi???n th???ng (victory) - v???a l?? l???i h???n 2 n??m sau s??? ??o??n t???, ??ng ???? kh??c, v?? ??ng bi???t s??? kh??ng bao gi??? c?? t???ng tuy???n c???, s??? kh??ng bao gi??? ch??? l?? 2 n??m. R???i ????y ?????t n?????c ??ng s??? c??n b??? chia c???t, d??n t???c ??ng s??? c??n b??? ????? m??u.

Quay tr??? l???i mi???n Nam, vi???c ?????u ti??n ??ng l??m l?? g???i ??i???n xin B??c H??? cho ph??p ??ng ??? l???i, l??nh ?????o c??ch m???ng mi???n Nam ch??? kh??ng ra B???c t???p k???t nh?? bao ng?????i kh??c. B??c H??? ?????ng ??, nh??ng y??u c???u ??ng ph???i gi??? b?? m???t v??? s??? ??? l???i c???a m??nh.

M???t ????m m??a ????ng n??m 1954, L?? Du???n ????a v??? v?? con l??n con t??u Kereinski c???a Ba Lan ch??? 2000 c??n b??? mi???n Nam ra B???c t???p k???t. ????ng 12 gi??? ????m, khi ch??? c??n v??i ti???ng n???a th?? t??u nh??? neo, ??ng l???ng l??? l??n m???t con thuy???n nh??? ch??? s???n, b?? m???t v??o b???.

Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 5.

??ng n??i v???i ??ng L?? ?????c Th??? tr?????c l??c chia tay: "Anh ra n??i v???i B??c, 20 n??m n???a t??i m???i ???????c g???p B??c". R???t tr??ng h???p, 20 n??m sau, ?????t n?????c th???ng nh???t. Nh??ng quan tr???ng h??n, ???? l?? l???n  ?????u ti??n, ??ng L?? Du???n th???c s??? ?? th???c ???????c v??? n???i kh??? c???a m???t d??n t???c nh?? Vi???t Nam, khi ??? c???nh m???t n?????c l???n nh?? Trung Qu???c.

V???i L?? Du???n, Hi???p ?????nh Geneva l?? l???n th??? nh???t ??ng ch???ng ki???n nh???ng ng?????i ?????ng ch?? Trung Qu???c quay l??ng v???i ?????t n?????c ??ng.  L???n th??? hai l?? v??o n??m 1972, khi T???ng th???ng M??? Richard Nixon sang th??m Trung Qu???c, khi ???y ??ng L?? Du???n ???? tr??? th??nh B?? th?? th??? nh???t Trung ????ng ?????ng Lao ?????ng Vi???t Nam. 

Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 6.

??ng L?? Ki??n Th??nh x??c nh???n nh???ng chi ti???t trong t??i li???u m?? ??H Ch??nh tr??? Paris ???? t??m ???????c, trong ???? c?? m??n ?????i tho???i c???a ??ng L?? Du???n v???i ??ng Chu ??n Lai. Tr?????c chuy???n th??m c???a Nixon, Th??? t?????ng Trung Qu???c Chu ??n Lai ???? c?? m???t cu???c g???p ri??ng v???i TBT L?? Du???n, th??ng b??o v???i L?? Du???n r???ng M??? v?? Trung Qu???c s??? th???o lu???n v??? v???n ????? Vi???t Nam trong cu???c g???p s??? di???n ra t???i B???c Kinh.

TBT L?? Du???n l???p t???c ????p l???i:

- ??ng Chu ??n Lai, ??ng l?? ng?????i Trung Qu???c, t??i l?? ng?????i Vi???t Nam, Vi???t Nam l?? ?????t n?????c c???a t??i, ho??n to??n kh??ng ph???i c???a c??c ??ng. C??c ??ng kh??ng c?? quy???n n??i v??? v???n ????? Vi???t Nam v?? c??c ??ng kh??ng c?? quy???n th???o lu???n v??? c??c v???n ????? c???a Vi???t Nam v???i M???.

Nh??ng kh??ng g?? ng??n c???n ???????c M??? v?? Trung Qu???c g???p nhau ??? B???c Kinh n??m 1972.

Khi Nixon r???i Trung Qu???c, m???t l???n n???a Th??? t?????ng Chu ??n Lai sang Vi???t Nam. Cu???c tr?? chuy???n gi???a TBT L?? Du???n v?? Th??? t?????ng Chu ??n Lai ???? di???n ra r???t c??ng th???ng, khi nh?? l??nh ?????o cao nh???t c???a Vi???t Nam ???? kh??ng gi???u gi???m s??? gay g???t trong l???i n??i c???a m??nh:

- Nixon ???? g???p c??c ??ng r???i. Ch???ng bao l??u n???a h??? s??? t???n c??ng ch??ng t??i th???m ch?? c??n m???nh h??n b??y gi???. Nh??ng t??i ho??n to??n kh??ng s???. D?? th??? n??o ch??ng t??i v???n s??? th???ng M???.

Chu ??n Lai im l???ng!

Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 7.
Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 8.

B???a ti???c chi??u ????i Th??? t?????ng Chu ??n Lai sang th??m Vi???t Nam (3/1971)

Kh??ng l??u sau ????, M??? ti???n h??nh ???Chi???n d???ch ??i???n Bi??n Ph??? tr??n kh??ng???, ????a m??y bay B52 n??m bom mi???n B???c, v???i quy???t t??m ????a mi???n B???c Vi???t Nam tr??? v??? th???i k??? ????? ???????. C??ng v???i ????, ????i Loan r???i kh???i Li??n H???p Qu???c. Thay th??? ????i Loan ??? Li??n H???p Qu???c khi ???? ch??nh l?? Trung Qu???c. 

Sau n??y, TBT L?? Du???n t???ng c?? l???n n??i v???i L?? Ki??n Th??nh - con trai ??ng: ???D?? l?? n??m 1954 hay n??m 1972 hay sau n??y, ba ch??a bao gi??? qu??n ??i nh???ng b??i h???c ?????t gi?? ????.???

Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 9.
Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 10.

Ch??nh v?? nh???ng nh???n th???c ????, n??n trong c??c nh?? l??nh ?????o Vi???t Nam, ??ng L?? Du???n lu??n l?? ng?????i c?? th??i ????? c???ng r???n, quy???t li???t theo h?????ng kh??ng ch???u l??? thu???c gi???i l??nh ?????o B???c Kinh. 

Khi ??ng L?? Du???n ra mi???n B???c l??m TBT ?????ng C???ng s???n Vi???t Nam v?? tr???c ti???p l??nh ?????o cu???c c??ch m???ng gi???i ph??ng mi???n Nam, th???ng nh???t ?????t n?????c, m???t l???n, trong cu???c h???p B??? Ch??nh tr???, ??ng L?? Du???n ???? n??i v???i B??c H???: 

- Th??a B??c, ch??ng ta mu???n th???ng M???, th?? nh???t ?????nh kh??ng ???????c s??? M???, nh???t ?????nh kh??ng ???????c s??? Trung Qu???c v?? Li??n X??. 

??ng ???? lu??n ngh?? nh?? th??? v?? h??nh ?????ng nh?? th??? trong su???t nh???ng n??m ??ng l?? TBT ?????ng C???ng s???n Vi???t Nam. 

N??m 1963, L?? Du???n sang g???p m???t nh?? l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c, th???i ??i???m m?? Trung Qu???c ??ang vi???n tr??? cho Vi???t Nam r???t nhi???u. H??? ???? c?? m???t cu???c ?????i tho???i v?? c??ng ?????c bi???t.

??ng ta h???i: ??? L??o, c?? bao nhi??u c??y s??? vu??ng ?????t? 

T??i tr??? l???i: Kho???ng 200.000 c??y s??? vu??ng.   

??ng ta: D??n s??? c???a h??? bao nhi??u? 

T??i: Kho???ng 3 tri???u!   

??ng ta: Nh?? v???y l?? kh??ng nhi???u! T??i s??? ????a d??n t??i ?????n ????, th???t ?????y! 

??ng ta l???i h???i: C?? bao nhi??u c??y s??? vu??ng ?????t ??? Th??i Lan? 

T??i tr??? l???i: Kho???ng 500.000 c??y s??? vu??ng. Nh?? l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c: C?? bao nhi??u ng?????i? 

T??i: Kho???ng 40 tri???u! 

??ng ta: T???nh T??? Xuy??n c???a Trung Qu???c c?? 500.000 c??y s??? vu??ng, nh??ng c?? t???i 90 tri???u ng?????i. T??i c??ng s??? ????a m???t s??? ng?????i d??n c???a t??i t???i Th??i Lan! 

??ng ta h???i: ?????ng ch??, c?? ????ng l?? ng?????i c???a c??c ?????ng ch?? ???? chi???n ?????u v?? ????nh b???i qu??n Nguy??n? 

T??i tr??? l???i: ????ng. 

??ng ta h???i ti???p: C?? ph???i c??ng ch??nh ng?????i c???a ?????ng ch?? ???? ????nh b???i qu??n Thanh? 

T??i tr??? l???i: ????ng. 

??ng ta: V?? qu??n Minh n???a, ph???i kh??ng? 

T??i nh??n th???ng v??o m???t ??ng ta m?? n??i: ????ng, v?? c??? c??c ??ng n???a, n???u c??c ??ng ??em qu??n sang x??m l?????c ?????t n?????c t??i, c??c ??ng c?? bi???t ??i???u ???? kh??ng?

Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 11.

Nh???ng nh???n th???c c???a ??ng L?? Du???n trong c??c cu???c ti???p x??c v???i c??c nh?? l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c ???? khi???n ??ng lu??n gi??? s??? c???nh gi??c tr?????c nh???ng l???i ????? ngh??? t??? gi???i l??nh ?????o B???c Kinh, n???u ??ng c???m th???y ??i???u ???? ??e d???a ?????n ?????c l???p, ch??? quy???n c???a ?????t n?????c m??nh. 

Theo t??i li???u do ??ng L?? Ki??n Th??nh cung c???p, th???i ch???ng M???, Mao Tr???ch ????ng t???ng ????a m???t ?????i qu??n v??o Vi???t Nam, v???i l?? do gi??p Vi???t Nam x??y ???????ng x?? ??? mi???n B???c. Thay v?? ch??? ????a ng?????i v??o nh?? cam k???t ban ?????u, qu??n l??nh Trung Qu???c ???? ?????n Vi???t Nam c??ng s??ng ?????n. 

Sau ????, khi Mao Tr???ch ????ng y??u c???u Vi???t Nam nh???n 20.000 qu??n Trung Qu???c ????? x??y m???t con ???????ng t??? Ngh??? T??nh v??o Nam B???, th?? TBT L?? Du???n ki??n quy???t kh??ng nh?????ng b???. V?? ???? kh??ng ph???i l???n t??? ch???i duy nh???t!

Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 12.

Trong m???t b???c th?? g???i cho v??? - b?? B???y V??n, ??ng L?? Du???n t???ng k???: ???L???n n??y Trung Qu???c l???i ????? ngh??? cho m??nh 500 chi???c xe v???n t???i ????? ch??? h??ng tr??n d??y Tr?????ng S??n. ??i???u ki???n ??i k??m c???a h??? l?? 500 chi???c xe ???? s??? k??m v???i 500 l??i xe Trung Qu???c. C?? ng?????i trong B??? Ch??nh tr??? ????? ngh??? anh c??? nh???n v??i xe cho h??? vui. Nh??ng anh kh??ng ?????ng ??. Ch???ng n??o anh c??n ng???i ??? v??? tr?? n??y, th?? anh kh??ng ????? b???t c??? th??? g?? c?? th??? tr??? th??nh nguy c?? ?????i v???i ?????t n?????c???. 

S??? quy???t li???t, kh??ng nh??n nh?????ng trong c??c v???n ????? li??n quan ?????n ?????c l???p, ch??? quy???n c???a ??ng L?? Du???n ch???c ch???n l?? c??i gai trong m???t gi???i l??nh ?????o B???c Kinh l??c ????, khi h??? nh???n ra ??ng L?? Du???n kh??ng ph???i ng?????i d??? b??? khu???t ph???c.

Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 13.

Sau n??m 1979, khi Vi???t Nam v?? Trung Qu???c ???? r??i v??o t??nh tr???ng chi???n tranh, ??? B???c Kinh, loa ph??t thanh kh???p th??nh ph??? B???c Kinh th?????ng c?? nh???ng b??i ?????c l??n ??n ??ng L?? Du???n. C??u n??i hay g???p nh???t tr??n ????i ti???ng n??i ??? B???c Kinh ng??y ???? l??: ???????nh tan b?? l?? L?? Du???n - Nguy???n C?? Th???ch???. 

Kh??ng c??n nghi ng??? g??, TBT L?? Du???n ???? tr??? th??nh nh?? l??nh ?????o Vi???t Nam khi???n Trung Qu???c kh??ng h??i l??ng nh???t! Nh??ng s??? th???c l?? trong qu?? kh??? ???? c?? nh???ng th???i ??i???m, B???c Kinh d??nh cho ??ng L?? Du???n m???t t??nh c???m r???t n???ng ???m. Nh???ng nh?? l??nh ?????o nh?? ?????ng Ti???u B??nh v?? Chu ??n Lai t???ng l?? nh???ng ng?????i b???n th??n c???a ??ng L?? Du???n.

Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 14.

T???ng B?? th?? L?? Du???n v?? Th??? t?????ng Ph???m V??n ?????ng d???n ?????u ??o??n ?????i bi???u ?????ng v?? Ch??nh ph??? Vi???t Nam sang th??m h???u ngh??? C???ng ho?? nh??n d??n Trung Hoa (1973)

L?? Ki??n Th??nh - Con trai TBT L?? Du???n h???i t?????ng: ???N??m 1975, khi Chu ??n Lai th???t th??? v?? n???m tr??n gi?????ng b???nh, ba t??i sang B???c Kinh, v??o t???n b???nh vi???n th??m Chu ??n Lai. Ba t??i h???i: ?????ng c?? kh???e kh??ng???? Chu ??n Lai gh?? s??t tai ba t??i th?? th???m: 

???Ngo??i kia h???n c?? nh???ng k??? kh??ng mu???n t??i s???ng ????u???. Ba t??i v?? Chu ??n Lai - ??? v??? tr?? c???a m??nh, khi ?????t quy???n l???i qu???c gia l??n tr??n h???t, h??? h???n c?? nhi???u ??i???u kh??ng v???a l??ng v???i nhau, nh??ng ?????n th???i ??i???m ????, h??? v???n coi nhau l?? b???n. N???u kh??ng ph???i l?? b???n, ch???c m???t nh?? ch??nh tr??? nh?? Chu ??n Lai s??? kh??ng bao gi??? chia s??? v???i ba t??i m???t ??i???u s??u k??n nh?? th???. 

Th??ng 11.1960, H???i ngh??? 81 ?????ng C???ng s???n h???p t???i Moscow, gi???a th???i ??i???m quan h??? Trung Qu???c v?? Li??n X?? ??ang v?? c??ng x???u. ???? l?? H???i ngh??? m?? Li??n X?? mu???n t???p h???p l???c l?????ng ????? c?? l???p Trung Qu???c. Ba t??i v?? ?????ng Ti???u B??nh ?????i di???n cho Vi???t Nam v?? Trung Qu???c tham d??? h???i ngh??? ????. ????m tr?????c khi H???i ngh??? di???n ra, h??? ???? g???p nhau ??? s??? qu??n Trung Qu???c v?? tr?? chuy???n su???t ????m. 

Khi ???y, nhi???u ?????ng C???ng s???n tr??n th??? gi???i ???? ???ng h??? Li??n X?? c?? l???p Trung Qu???c. S??? c??n l???i im l???ng. Ch??? c?? ba t??i ?????i di???n cho ?????ng C???ng s???n Vi???t Nam l?? ng?????i duy nh???t b???o v??? Trung Qu???c. 

Sau H???i ngh???, TBT ?????ng C???ng s???n Ph??p ???? g???i ba t??i ra g???p ri??ng v?? tr??ch m??c: -C??c ?????ng ch?? ???? ch???ng l???i nhi???m v??? v?? tinh th???n qu???c t??? v?? s???n. Nh??ng ba t??i kh???ng kh??i ????p l???i: 

- Th??a ?????ng ch??, tinh th???n qu???c t??? v?? s???n l???n nh???t b??y gi??? l?? th???ng M???. C??c ?????ng ch?? h??y ????? ch??ng t??i t???p trung ????nh M???. M?? mu???n th???ng M???, t??i ph???i ??o??n k???t v???i c??? Li??n X?? l???n Trung Qu???c. 

V??? TBT ?????ng C???ng s???n Ph??p ???? ??m l???y ba t??i sau c??u n??i ???????.

Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 15.

TBT L?? Du???n b??n c???nh Ch??? t???ch H??? Ch?? Minh t???i H???i ngh??? 81 ?????ng C???ng s???n

Sau khi tham d??? H???i ngh??? 81 ?????ng, ??ng L?? Du???n v??? ?????n B???c Kinh v?? ???????c ng?????i Trung Qu???c ????n ti???p nh?? m???t anh h??ng. 1 tri???u ng?????i Trung Qu???c ????n ??ng ??? qu???ng tr?????ng Thi??n An M??n. Trong b???a ti???c ti???p t??n, Mao Tr???ch ????ng l???y ????a c???a m??nh g???p th???c ??n v??o b??t ??ng L?? Du???n. C?? m???t ch??nh kh??ch Trung Qu???c ???? n??i ri??ng v???i ??ng L?? Du???n: ???????y l?? l???n ?????u ti??n Ch??? t???ch Mao Tr???ch ????ng g???p th???c ??n cho ng?????i kh??c???. 

S??? ???ng h??? c???a ??ng L?? Du???n n??i ri??ng v?? Vi???t Nam n??i chung d??nh cho Trung Qu???c ??? ?????i h???i 81 ?????ng C???ng s???n l?? v?? c??ng quan tr???ng, v?? Vi???t Nam nh???ng n??m ???? c?? v??? th??? r???t l???n trong Qu???c t??? C???ng s???n. L??c ????, uy t??n c???a Vi???t Nam ??ang l??n r???t cao sau khi chi???n th???ng qu??n Ph??p ??? ??i???n Bi??n Ph??? v?? l?? th??nh tr?? c???a CNXH trong cu???c chi???n v???i c??c n?????c TBCN (m?? ?????i di???n l?? n?????c M???). Nh???ng vi???c ???? ???? khi???n ?????ng Ti???u B??nh v?? L?? Du???n tr??? th??nh nh???ng ng?????i b???n. K??? c??? nh???ng n??m m?? ?????ng Ti???u B??nh b??? th???t s???ng, m???t h???t m???i quy???n l???c, m???i l???n sang Trung Qu???c, ??ng L?? Du???n ?????u t??m ?????n th??m ?????ng Ti???u B??nh. 

Cu???c g???p cu???i c??ng gi???a h??? di???n ra v??o n??m 1977. ???? c??ng l?? l???n cu???i c??ng ??ng L?? Du???n sang th??m Trung Qu???c.

Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 16.

???Khi ???? t??i ??i Trung Qu???c l???n cu???i. T??i d???n ?????u ph??i ??o??n Vi???t Nam g???p ph??i ??o??n Trung Qu???c do ?????ng Ti???u B??nh d???n ?????u. Ch??ng t??i ???? n??i v??? v???n ????? l??nh th???, g???m c??? vi???c th???o lu???n v??? m???t s??? h??n ?????o. T??i n??i: Hai n?????c ch??ng ta ??? g???n nhau. C?? m???t s??? v??ng l??nh th??? c???a ch??ng ta ch??a ???????c x??c ?????nh r?? r??ng. Hai b??n c???n th??nh l???p c??c c?? quan ????? xem x??t v???n ????? n??y. C??c ?????ng ch?? h??y ?????ng ?? v???i ch??ng t??i???. ?????ng Ti???u B??nh ?????ng ??. Nh??ng sau ???? ??ng ta ???? thay ?????i v?? ??p l???c t??? n???i b??? ?????ng C???ng s???n Trung Qu???c???. 

??ng L?? Ki??n Th??nh cho bi???t, ???? l?? nh???ng l???i k??? c???a ??ng L?? Du???n trong m???t t??i li???u l??u tr??? trong Th?? vi???n H?? N???i ???????c t??m th???y b???i nh??m nghi??n c???u v??? Vi???t Nam c???a ?????i h???c Ch??nh tr??? Paris. 

2 n??m sau - th??ng 2.1979, Trung Qu???c t???n c??ng Vi???t Nam tr??n to??n tuy???n bi??n gi???i ph??a B???c. ?????ng Ti???u B??nh tuy??n b??? s??? d???y cho Vi???t Nam m???t b??i h???c. T??nh b???n gi???a h??? ???? tan v??? k??? t??? th???i ??i???m ????. 

D???u v???y, khi th???y B??o Nh??n D??n v??? m???t b???c tranh bi???m h???a v??? ?????ng Ti???u B??nh, ??ng L?? Du???n v???n nh??n m???t: ???Ch??ng ta c?? th??? ??ang chi???n tranh v???i h???, nh??ng kh??ng c???n ph???i b??i nh??? c?? nh??n b???t c??? ai???.

Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 17.
Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 18.

Tr?????c th???i ??i???m chi???n tranh Bi??n gi???i Vi???t - Trung n??? ra, v??o d???p T???t Nguy??n ????n n??m 1979, TBT L?? Du???n t??m s??? v???i con r??? c???a m??nh - GS H??? Ng???c ?????i: ???Trung Qu???c s??? ????nh m??nh nhanh th??i???. Tr?????c ???? kh??ng l??u, ?????ng Ti???u B??nh ???? c?? cu???c g???p v???i TT M??? Jimmy Carter, t??m ki???m s??? ???ng h??? c???a M??? v?? c??c n?????c ph????ng T??y ?????i v???i vi???c ph??t ?????ng chi???n tranh. Hai tu???n sau T???t Nguy??n ????n 1979, ?????ng Ti???u B??nh l???nh cho 600.000 qu??n Trung Qu???c t???n c??ng Vi???t Nam. 

C?? nhi???u ng?????i n??i, Vi???t Nam ???? b???t ng??? v??? cu???c chi???n tranh ????. Nh??ng ???? c?? th??? l?? s??? b???t ng??? ?????i v???i ai kh??c, ch??? kh??ng ph???i ?????i v???i TBT L?? Du???n. 

Sau n??m 1975, khi giao nhi???m v??? cho Nh?? ngo???i giao Nguy???n C?? Th???ch ????m ph??n v???i M??? ????? th??c ?????y qu?? tr??nh b??nh th?????ng h??a quan h??? gi???a hai n?????c, ??ng L?? Du???n ???? d???n d?? ??ng Nguy???n C?? Th???ch: ???Sau l??ng m???t k??? th??, ????i khi ta c?? th??? t??m th???y m???t ng?????i b???n. Sau l??ng m???t ng?????i b???n, ????i khi s??? l?? k??? th?????.

Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 19.

TBT L?? Du???n l??m vi???c v???i t???nh L???ng S??n v?? Qu??n khu 1 trong Chi???n tranh Bi??n gi???i 1979

M???i quan h??? c???a Vi???t Nam v?? Trung Qu???c ???? xu???t hi???n v???n ????? ngay t??? khi Vi???t Nam c??n ??ang t???p trung cho cu???c chi???n tranh v???i M??? ??? mi???n Nam, nh??ng m???i quan h??? ???? ?????c bi???t x???u ??i sau khi hai mi???n Nam - B???c Vi???t Nam th???ng nh???t. 

Sau n??m 1975, c??? Li??n X?? v?? Trung Qu???c ?????u lo l???ng v??? Vi???t Nam. N???u nh?? Li??n X?? s??? Trung Qu???c s??? nghi??ng h???n v??? ph??a Vi???t Nam, th?? Trung Qu???c l???i s??? Vi???t Nam s??? tho??t kh???i t???m ???nh h?????ng c???a m??nh, tr??? th??nh m???t th??? l???c m???i ??? ????ng Nam ??. Trung Qu???c b???t ?????u l???i d???ng qu??n Khmer ????? ????? g??y kh?? cho Vi???t Nam ????? ng??n ch???n b???t s???c m???nh ????. 

Nh???ng chuy???n th??m c???a TBT L?? Du???n sang Trung Qu???c v??o n??m 1975 v?? 1977 ?????u kh??ng ????a ra ???????c tuy??n b??? chung. V?? h??n ai h???t, ??ng L?? Du???n ???? c?? nh???ng d??? c???m v??? c??c bi???n c??? c?? th??? x???y ra. Ngay t??? th???i ??i???m sau khi th???ng nh???t ?????t n?????c, Vi???t Nam v???n c?? h??n 1 tri???u qu??n ch??nh quy. M???t nh?? l??nh ?????o Li??n X?? khi ???y h???i TBT L?? Du???n:

Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 20.

- C??c ?????ng ch?? ?????nh ????nh nhau v???i ai m?? gi??? l???i m???t ?????i qu??n th?????ng tr???c l???n nh?? v???y? 

??ng L?? Du???n ????p: - R???i sau n??y ?????ng ch?? s??? hi???u! 

R?? r??ng ???? kh??ng ph???i m???t s??? c???n th???n th???a th??i, khi m?? ch??? 4 n??m sau, Vi???t Nam ???? ph???i c??ng l??c ch???ng ch???i v???i hai cu???c chi???n tranh ??? hai ?????u ?????t n?????c: Trung Qu???c ??? bi??n gi???i ph??a B???c v?? Khmer ????? ??? bi??n gi???i T??y Nam.

 

Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 21.

S??ng ng??y 17.2.1979, chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i n??? ra ??? Bi??n gi???i ph??a B???c. Tin t???c ???? ???????c b??o v??? H?? N???i ngay l???p t???c cho c??c l??nh ?????o ?????t n?????c, trong ???? c?? TBT L?? Du???n.

??ng L?? Ki??n Th??nh k???: ???17.2.1979 t??nh c??? l???i l?? ng??y t??i k???t h??n. T??i l??c ???? v???n c??n trong qu??n ng??, c??ng t??c ??? m???t ????n v??? kh??ng qu??n. Nh??ng bu???i s??ng, ????n v??? g???i t??i quay l???i ????n v??? g???p v?? chi???n tranh n??? ra. Sau khi nh???n ???????c tin b??o, t??i xu???ng ph??ng ba t??i, h???i ??ng: 

- C?? th???t l?? Trung Qu???c ???? t???n c??ng ch??ng ta kh??ng ba? 

Ba t??i tr??? l???i: - ???, h??? ????nh ta tr??n to??n tuy???n bi??n gi???i. 

T??i l???i h???i: - V???y c?? l??? con n??n ho??n ????m c?????i t???i nay l???i???. 

Ba t??i n??i: - Con kh??ng c???n l??m vi???c ????. Ch??ng ta lu??n c???n ph???i s???ng b??nh th?????ng h???t m???c ch??ng ta c?? th??? b??n c???nh nh???ng c??i kh??ng b??nh th?????ng. N???u 20 n??m chi???n tranh ch???ng M??? v?? 9 n??m chi???n tranh ch???ng Ph??p m?? kh??ng ai l???y v???, l???y ch???ng, sinh con ????? c??i, th?? ?????t n?????c n??y s??? ??i v??? ????u?

T???i h??m ????, ????m c?????i c???a t??i v???n di???n ra ??? s??? 6 Ho??ng Di???u. C?? m???t ch??t b??nh k???o, c?? m???y ???m tr??. B??c Tr?????ng Chinh, b??c L?? ?????c Th???, b??c Ph???m V??n ?????ng??? l?? nh???ng ng?????i tham d??? ????m c?????i. T??i c??ng m???i th??m v??i ng?????i b???n c??ng ????n v???. H??n l??? c???a t??i ch??? k??o d??i trong 1 ti???ng ?????ng h???, ngay trong ng??y ?????u cu???c chi???n n??? ra. Nh??ng ba t??i v?? c??c ???y vi??n B??? Ch??nh tr??? kh??ng h??? c?? v??? g?? lo l???ng. 

Ngay sau khi ????m c?????i, t??i quay tr??? l???i ????n v??? tr???c chi???n, Th??? tr?????ng c???a t??i ??? ng?????i ???? tham d??? h??n l??? t???i h??m tr?????c n??i v???i t??i: ???Nh??n ??ng gi?? c???u b??nh th???n nh?? v???y, th?? t??i hi???u Trung Qu???c s??? ch???ng bao gi??? l??m g?? ???????c ch??ng ta???.

Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 22.

TBT L?? Du???n t???i cu???c h???p c???a B??? Ch??nh tr??? Trung ????ng ?????ng (1979)


Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 23.

S??? th???c l?? n??m 1979, khi Chi???n tranh Bi??n gi???i n??? ra, nhi???u ng?????i Vi???t Nam ???? lo l???ng. Tr?????c ????, ng?????i Vi???t Nam ???? ch???ng l???i nh???ng k??? th?? m???nh nh?? M???, nh?? Ph??p. Tr?????c ???? nhi???u th??? k???, ch??ng ta c??ng nhi???u l???n ch???ng l???i nh???ng cu???c x??m l?????c c???a c??c tri???u ?????i ph????ng B???c. Nh??ng ch??a m???t l???n n??o, ng?????i Vi???t Nam ph???i ch???ng l???i nh???ng ng?????i anh em, ?????ng ch??, nh???ng ng?????i c??ng ?? th???c h??? v?? ???? gi??p ????? m??nh trong chi???n tranh nh?? Trung Qu???c. N??m 1979 khi hai n?????c giao tranh ??? bi??n gi???i, b??? ?????i Vi???t Nam v???n ??ang m???c ??o do Trung Qu???c vi???n tr???!

Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 24.

C??u ?????u ti??n trong Hi???n ph??p Vi???t Nam n??m 1980 c?? vi???t: ???V???a tr???i qua ba m????i n??m chi???n tranh gi???i ph??ng, ?????ng b??o ta thi???t tha mong mu???n c?? ho?? b??nh ????? x??y d???ng T??? qu???c, nh??ng l???i ph???i ??????ng ?????u v???i b???n b?? quy???n Trung Qu???c x??m l?????c c??ng b?? l?? tay sai c???a ch??ng ??? Campuchia. Ph??t huy truy???n th???ng v??? vang c???a d??n t???c, qu??n v?? d??n ta ???? gi??nh ???????c th???ng l???i oanh li???t trong hai cu???c chi???n tranh b???o v??? T??? qu???c ch???ng b???n ph???n ?????ng Campuchia ??? bi??n gi???i T??y Nam v?? ch???ng b???n b?? quy???n Trung Qu???c ??? bi??n gi???i ph??a B???c, b???o v??? ?????c l???p, ch??? quy???n, th???ng nh???t v?? to??n v???n l??nh th??? c???a m??nh.??? 

N??m 1984, khi B??? tr?????ng B??? Ngo???i giao Nguy???n C?? Th???ch ????? ngh??? v???i TBT L?? Du???n b??? c??u n??i ?????u trong Hi???n ph??p, ??ng L?? Du???n ???? t??? ch???i. 

C?? nhi???u ng?????i t???ng n??i, ??ng L?? Du???n l?? ng?????i gh??t Trung Qu???c m???t c??ch c???c ??oan. Nh??ng khi c??n s???ng, TBT L?? Du???n ???? n??i r???ng: ???T??i ch??a bao gi??? c???m th???y c??m th?? Trung Qu???c. Nh??ng hi???n t???i h??? ??ang ????nh ta. V?? v???y ch??ng ta ph???i ki???m so??t t??nh h??nh ch???t ch???, trong t?? th??? s???n s??ng chi???n ?????u, v?? kh??ng bao gi??? n???i l???ng s??? c???nh gi??c. V??? m???i quan h??? v???i Trung Qu???c, t??i tin r???ng s??? c?? ng??y thay ?????i. Nh??ng ch??a ph???i l??c n??y. V?? ch??ng ta ph???i chu???n b??? s???n s??ng tr??n m???i ph????ng di???n???.

Th??i ????? c???a TBT L?? Du???n v???i l??nh ?????o Trung Qu???c tr?????c, trong v?? sau Chi???n tranh bi??n gi???i - ???nh 25.

Ng??y 5.3.1979, ch??nh TBT L?? Du???n l?? ng?????i ???? ra l???nh cho qu??n ?????i ng???ng k??? ho???ch ph???n c??ng, khi Trung Qu???c tuy??n b??? r??t qu??n. ??ng n??i: ???N???u h??? ???? r??t qu??n, th?? sao ch??ng ta ph???i hy sinh x????ng m??u c???a nh???ng ng?????i l??nh????. 

N??m 1986, TBT L?? Du???n qua ?????i. N??m 1991, sau H???i ngh??? Th??nh ????, hai n?????c Vi???t - Trung b??nh th?????ng h??a quan h???, c??u n??i trong Hi???n ph??p Vi???t Nam c??ng ???????c b??? ??i. 

Khi chia s??? tr??n b??o Vietnamnet c??ch ????y 10 n??m, trong d???p k??? ni???m 30 n??m Chi???n tranh Bi??n gi???i 1979, L?? Ki??n Th??nh - con trai TBT L?? Du???n k??? r???ng: ???V??i n??m tr?????c, t??i gh?? th??m ???i Nam Quan (H???u ngh??? Quan) - n??i ???????c coi l?? bi???u t?????ng cho t??nh h???u ngh??? hai n?????c Vi???t Nam - Trung Qu???c. Trong ph??ng tr??ng b??y ch??n dung c??c v??? l??nh ?????o Vi???t Nam v?? Trung Qu???c qua c??c th???i k???, ch??? thi???u duy nh???t ???nh ba t??i. Trong s??u th???m, t??i t??? h??o v?? Ba t??i - c??? TBT L?? Du???n l?? ng?????i ???? quy???t b???o v??? ?????n c??ng t???ng t???t ?????t ??? ????y, kh??ng mua b??n, kh??ng m???c c??? v???i b???t c??? gi?? n??o???!

 B??i vi???t s??? d???ng t?? li???u c???a ??ng L?? Ki??n Th??nh (con trai TBT L?? Du???n), Nh?? th?? Vi???t Ph????ng (Th?? k?? TBT L?? Du???n).

B??i vi???t: 
T?? Lan H????ng
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