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30/07/1945: T??u USS Indianapolis b??? t???n c??ng

V??o ng??y n??y n??m 1945, tu???n d????ng h???m USS Indianapolis ???? tr??ng ng?? l??i c???a t??u ng???m Nh???t B???n v?? ch??m ch??? sau v??i ph??t, ngay gi???a v??ng bi???n c?? c?? m???p t???n c??ng. Ch??? c?? 317 trong s??? 1.196 ng?????i tr??n t??u s???ng s??t. Tuy nhi??n, Indianapolis v???n ho??n th??nh nhi???m v??? ch??nh c???a m??nh:
30/07/1945: T??u USS Indianapolis b??? t???n c??ng

30-07-1945-tau-uss-indianapolis-bi-tan-cong
Ngu???n:
 USS Indianapolis bombedHistory.com

Bi??n d???ch: Nguy???n Th??? Kim Ph???ng

V??o ng??y n??y n??m 1945, tu???n d????ng h???m USS Indianapolis ???? tr??ng ng?? l??i c???a t??u ng???m Nh???t B???n v?? ch??m ch??? sau v??i ph??t, ngay gi???a v??ng bi???n c?? c?? m???p t???n c??ng. Ch??? c?? 317 trong s??? 1.196 ng?????i tr??n t??u s???ng s??t. Tuy nhi??n, Indianapolis v???n ho??n th??nh nhi???m v??? ch??nh c???a m??nh: chuy???n c??c th??nh ph???n ch??nh c???a qu??? bom nguy??n t??? s??? ???????c th??? m???t tu???n sau ???? xu???ng Hiroshima ?????n ?????o Tinian ??? Nam Th??i B??nh D????ng.

T??u Indianapolis ???? ?????n ?????o Tinian v??o ng??y 26/07/1945. Nhi???m v??? n??y ???????c x???p v??o lo???i tuy???t m???t v?? th???y th??? ??o??n ho??n to??n kh??ng bi???t g?? v??? th??? h??ng h??? ??ang v???n chuy???n. Sau khi r???i Tinian, t??u ?????n c??n c??? c???a qu??n ?????i M??? t???i ?????o Guam v?? ???????c l???nh g???p t??u chi???n USS Idaho t???i V???nh Leyte ??? Philippines ????? chu???n b??? cho vi???c ????? b??? v??o Nh???t B???n.

Ngay sau n???a ????m ng??y 30/07, t???i v??ng bi???n gi???a v???nh Guam v?? v???nh Leyte, m???t t??u ng???m c???a Nh???t ???? b???n ng?? l??i v??o Indianapolis, g??y ra v??? n??? l??m v??? con t??u v?? khi???n n?? ch??m trong kho???ng 12 ph??t, v???i kho???ng 300 ng?????i b??? m???c k???t b??n trong. 900 ng?????i kh??c ???? r??i xu???ng n?????c v?? nhi???u trong s??? h??? ???? ch???t v?? ??u???i n?????c, b??? c?? m???p t???n c??ng, b??? m???t n?????c ho???c b??? th????ng do v??? n???. L???c l?????ng c???u h??? ???? kh??ng ?????n h??? tr??? m??i cho ?????n b???n ng??y sau, ng??y 02/08, khi m???t chi???c m??y bay ch???ng ng???m tr??n chuy???n tu???n tra th?????ng l??? ph??t hi???n ra nh???ng ng?????i c??n s???ng s??t v?? d??ng s??ng radio k??u g???i h??? tr???.

Ng??y 06/08/1945, M??? ???? th??? m???t qu??? bom nguy??n t??? xu???ng th??nh ph??? Hiroshima, g??y ra g???n 130.000 th????ng vong v?? ph?? h???y h??n 60% th??nh ph???. Ng??y 09/08, qu??? bom nguy??n t??? th??? hai ???? ???????c th??? xu???ng Nagasaki, n??i m?? con s??? th????ng vong ?????c t??nh l??n t???i h??n 66.000. Trong khi ????, ch??nh ph??? M??? quy???t ?????nh gi??? im l???ng v??? th???m k???ch Indianapolis cho ?????n ng??y 15/08 ????? ?????m b???o r???ng v??? vi???c s??? b??? lu m??? tr?????c th??ng b??o c???a T???ng th???ng Harry Truman, r???ng Nh???t B???n ???? ?????u h??ng.

Sau c??c s??? ki???n li??n quan ?????n Indianapolis, ch??? huy con t??u, h???m tr?????ng Charles McVay, ???? b??? ????a ra t??a qu??n s??? v??o th??ng 11/1945 v?? ???? kh??ng s??? d???ng h???i tr??nh ngo???n ngo??o c?? th??? gi??p con t??u tr???n tr??nh t??u ng???m c???a k??? th?? trong khu v???c. McVay, h???m tr?????ng duy nh???t c???a H???i qu??n M??? b??? x??t x??? v?? ????? m???t m???t con t??u trong chi???n tranh, ???? t??? s??t v??o n??m 1968. Nhi???u th???y th??? c??n s???ng s??t tin r???ng qu??n ?????i ???? bi???n McVay th??nh v???t t??? th???n. N??m 2000, 55 n??m sau v??? Indianapolis b??? ch??m, Qu???c h???i M??? ???? tr??? l???i thanh danh cho McVay.

Amenhotep III ??? V??? vua th???i k??? v??ng son c???a Ai C???p

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2617998-3x2-940x627

Ngu???n: Historic figures, BBC (truy c???p ng??y 10/7/2015)

Bi??n d???ch & Hi???u ????nh: Ph???m H???ng Anh

Tri???u ?????i c???a pharaoh (pha-ra-??ng) Amenhotep III ????nh d???u th???i k??? th???nh v?????ng nh???t c???a n???n v??n minh Ai C???p, c??? v??? s???c m???nh ch??nh tr??? v?? nh???ng th??nh t???u v??n h??a.

Amenhotep l?? con trai c???a Tuthmosis IV v???i ng?????i v??? l??? Mutemwia. ??ng tr??? th??nh vua ??? tu???i 12, ???????c m??? c??ng nhi???p ch??nh. Th???i k??? ?????u ??ng ch???n con g??i c???a m???t v??? quan c???p t???nh l??m ho??ng h???u. Trong giai ??o???n v??? sau, Ho??ng h???u Tiy th?????ng xuy??n xu???t hi???n b??n c???nh nh?? vua.

???????c th???a h?????ng m???t ????? ch??? tr???i r???ng t??? s??ng Euphrates t???i Sudan, Amenhotep duy tr?? v??? th??? Ai C???p ch??? y???u qua ngo???i giao v?? c??c cu???c h??n nh??n gi???a c??c ho??ng t???c Mitanni (Syria), Babylonia v?? Arzawa (Anatolia). ??ng l?? v??? pharaoh ?????u ti??n ????a ra c??c th??ng c??o v??? cu???c h??n nh??n c???a m??nh, c??c cu???c ??i s??n v?? c??c d??? ??n x??y d???ng. Nh???ng th??ng tin n??y ???????c kh???c tr??n nh???ng con ???n l???n b???ng ???? h??nh b??? hung v?? ???????c g???i ??i kh???p n??i trong ????? ch???.

T???i th??? ???? Thebes, cung ??i???n r???ng l???n c???a nh?? vua ??? Malkata n???m g???n ?????n th??? c???a ??ng. ????y l?? ?????n th??? l???n nh???t trong l???ch s???, ?????a ??i???m ban ?????u ???????c ????nh d???u b???i hai b???c t?????ng ???Colossi of Memnon??? (hai b???c t?????ng kh???ng l??? kh???c h??nh Amenhotep). M???ng l?????i k??nh r???ch v?? c???ng r???ng l???n n???i nh???ng c??ng tr??nh n??y v???i s??ng Nile v?? t???o ???????ng ??i th???ng t???i ?????n th??? m???i c???a nh?? vua t???i Luxor v?? ?????n th??? th???n Amun[1] t???i Karnak.

M???c d?? Amenhotep coi Karnak l?? m???t ph???n trong ch????ng tr??nh x??y d???ng tr??n kh???p ?????t n?????c, nh??ng ??ng c??ng kh??o l??o ch???ng l???i th??? l???c ??ang l??n c???a gi???i t?? t??? th??? th???n Amun b???ng c??ch tuy??n truy???n ????? cao th???n m???t tr???i c??? ?????i Ra. M???t tr???i c??ng ???????c t??n th??? nh?? chi???c ????a m???t tr???i Aten (trong t??n ng?????ng Ai C???p c??? ?????i), v?? nh?? vua c??ng l???y t??n hi???u l?? ???M???t tr???i ch??i l???i??? (Dazzling Aten).

Amenhotep III qua ?????i v??o kho???ng n??m 1354 TCN v?? ???????c ch??n c???t trong ng??i m??? kh???ng l??? n???m ??? nh??nh ph??a t??y t??ch bi???t trong Thung l??ng c??c v??? Vua. Con trai ??ng l?? Amenhotep IV k??? v???, th?????ng ???????c bi???t ?????n v???i t??n Akhenaten.

26/06/1541: Nh?? Chinh ph???c ????? ch??? Inca b??? ??m s??t

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Ngu???n: Conqueror of the Incas assassinated, History.com

Bi??n d???ch: Nguy???n Th??? Kim Ph???ng

V??o ng??y n??y n??m 1541, Francisco Pizarro, th???ng ?????c Peru v?? l?? ng?????i chinh ph???c n???n v??n minh Inca, ???? b??? c??c ?????i th??? ng?????i T??y Ban Nha ??m s??t ??? Lima.

L?? con ngo??i gi?? th?? c???a m???t ng?????i ????n ??ng T??y Ban Nha, Pizarro ph???c v??? d?????i quy???n Chinh ph???c T?????ng c??ng (conquistador) Alonso de Ojeda trong chuy???n th??m hi???m t???i Colombia n??m 1510, v?? sau ???? l???i theo ph???c v??? Vasco Nunez de Balboa khi ??ng n??y ph??t hi???n ra Th??i B??nh D????ng n??m 1513. Bi???t ?????n truy???n thuy???t v??? s??? gi??u c?? c???a ng?????i Inca ??? Nam M???, Pizarro ???? th??nh l???p m???t li??n minh v???i m???t Chinh ph???c T?????ng c??ng kh??c l?? Diego de Almagro v??o n??m 1524 v?? giong bu???m tr??? v??? ch??u M???. Trong chuy???n th??m hi???m ?????u ti??n, h??? ch??? ??i ???????c t???i Ecuador ng??y nay, nh??ng trong chuy???n th??? hai, h??? ???? ti???n xa h??n v?? ph??t hi???n b???ng ch???ng v??? s??? t???n t???i c???a V????ng qu???c Inca.

Nh???n ???????c s??? b???o tr??? c???a Ho??ng ????? Charles V, v?? l???i h???a b???o ?????m r???ng ??ng, ch??? kh??ng ph???i Almagro, s??? nh???n ???????c ph???n l???n l???i nhu???n trong t????ng lai c???a chuy???n th??m hi???m, Pizarro ??i ?????n Peru v?? c???p b???n Tumbes v??o n??m 1532. ??ng ????a qu??n c???a m??nh v?????t d??y Andes ?????n th??nh ph??? Cajamarca, Inca v?? g???p Atahualpa, Vua c???a V????ng qu???c Quito thu???c Inca. Sau khi gi??nh ???????c l??ng tin c???a nh?? vua, Pizarro b???t gi??? Atahualpa l??m con tin v?? ????i kho???n ti???n chu???c l?? m???t c??n ph??ng ?????y v??ng, nh??ng sau ???? v???n cho h??nh quy???t v??? vua x???u s???. Chi???n th???ng trong cu???c chinh ph???c Peru ???? nhanh ch??ng ?????n v???i Pizarro v?? qu??n ?????i c???a ??ng, v?? n??m 1533, nh???ng ?????t kh??ng chi???n c???a ng?????i Inca ???? k???t th??c v???i th???t b???i c???a h??? t???i Cuzco.

Pizarro, b???y gi??? l?? th???ng ?????c Peru, ???? th??nh l???p c??c khu ?????nh c?? m???i, bao g???m Lima, v?? c???p cho Almagro quy???n chinh ph???c Chile nh???m xoa d???u ??ng n??y sau khi Pizarro tuy??n b??? gi??? m???i c???a c???i c???a n???n v??n minh Inca cho ch??nh m??nh. Tuy nhi??n, Pizarro ???? kh??ng th??? c???p cho Almagro v??ng ?????t m?? ??ng ???? h???a, v?? Almagro ????p l???i b???ng c??ch chi???m gi??? Cuzco v??o n??m 1538. Pizarro li???n g???i ng?????i anh c??ng cha kh??c m???, Hernando, ?????n ????i l???i th??nh ph???, v?? Almagro b??? ????nh b???i v?? gi???t h???i. Ba n??m sau, v??o ng??y 26/06/1541, m???t nh??m s??t th??? ???????c c??c ????? t??? c???a Almagro thu?? ???? th??m nh???p v??o cung ??i???n c???a Pizarro v?? ??m s??t nh?? chinh ph???c trong khi ??ng ??ang ??n t???i. Ngay sau c??i ch???t c???a ??ng, Diego el Monzo, con trai c???a Almagro, ???? t??? x??ng l?? th???ng ?????c Peru.
 

Xoay tr???c: T????ng lai Ch??nh s??ch ?????i ngo???i Hoa K??? ??? Ch??u ??

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T??c gi???: Simon Long | Bi??n d???ch: ??inh Nho Minh

The Pivot: The Future of American Statecraft in Asia. T??c gi???: Kurt M. Campbell. New York and Boston: Twelve, 2016. B??a c???ng: 399 trang.

Ch??nh s??ch ?????i ngo???i c???a Hoa K??? lu??n c?? nhi???u phi??n b???n. Phi??n b???n ?????u ???????c h?? l??? qua b??o ch?? khi c??c l??nh ?????o c??? ?????nh h??nh th??? gi???i theo ?? mu???n c???a Hoa K???. C??c phi??n b???n sau ???????c gi???i thi???u qua c??c cu???n s??ch khi c??c l??nh ?????o mu???n gi???i th??ch ch??nh s??ch c???a h???. Cu???c phi??u l??u ??? Ch??u ?? c???a ch??nh quy???n Obama nhi???m k??? ?????u (2009-2012) c??ng kh??ng l?? ngo???i l???. James Steinberg, c???u Th??? tr?????ng Ngo???i giao Hoa K???, ???? ?????ng t??c gi??? (v???i Michael O???Hanlon) vi???t cu???n s??ch v??? ???tr???n an chi???n l?????c??? (strategic reasssurance) trong quan h??? M???-Trung. Jeffrey Bader, th??nh vi??n H???i ?????ng An ninh Qu???c gia Hoa K??? l??c ????, ???? vi???t m???t cu???n s??ch v??? ???c??u chuy???n c???a m???t ng?????i trong cu???c v??? chi???n l?????c c???a Hoa K??? ??? Ch??u ?????. R???i c???u Ngo???i tr?????ng Hoa K??? Hillary Clinton c??ng vi???t m???t t???p h???i k?? v??? giai ??o???n n??y.

Trong khi ????, T???ng T?? l???nh Obama ch???c v???n ??ang ch??? m???t h???p ?????ng vi???t s??ch v??? v???n ????? n??y. Nh??ng, v???i cu???n The Pivot: The Future of American Statecraft in Asia (Xoay tr???c: T????ng lai Ch??nh s??ch ?????i ngo???i Hoa K??? ??? Ch??u ??), Kurt Campbell, Tr??? l?? Ngo???i tr?????ng v??? c??c v???n ????? ????ng ?? v?? Th??i B??nh D????ng t??? n??m 2009 ?????n 2013, ???? ????ng g??p v??o ch??? ????? ???? ???????c vi???t ??i vi???t l???i n??y. Th??? n??n ta ph???i ghi nh???n nh??? kh??? n??ng c???a ??ng n??n cu???n s??ch v???n c?? c??i m???i ????? ????ng g??p v??o cu???c tranh lu???n. V??n phong c???a ??ng c??ng l??i cu???n v?? d??? ?????c. N?? l?? s??? pha tr???n r???t quen thu???c v???i nh???ng ?????c gi??? hay theo ?????c th??? lo???i n??y: m???t ph???n k??? chuy???n c?? nh??n (????? ????? ng?????i ?????c c???m th???y ??ng ????ng l?? ??ang k??? chuy???n th??m cung b?? s???, nh??ng kh??ng l??m l??? b?? m???t qu???c gia); m???t ph???n b??y t??? t??n tr???ng v???i nh???ng ch??nh tr??? gia n???i ti???ng m?? ??ng t???ng ph???c v??? (????? khen ng???i ????? kh??ng l??m h???i con ???????ng s??? nghi???p ho???c c??c m???i quan h???, nh??ng kh??ng t???i m???c n???nh n???t); m???t ph???n t??? gi???i th??ch (k??? v??? vai tr?? c???a m??nh ?????i v???i m???t ch??nh s??ch m?? ??ng tin t?????ng nh??ng kh??ng t???i m???c c?????p c??ng c???a c???p tr??n).

Trong t???t c??? c??c th??nh vi??n c???a ch??nh quy???n, c?? l??? Campbell l?? ng?????i g???n g??i nh???t v???i ch??nh s??ch c??ng t??n v???i cu???n s??ch c??ng nh?? v???i di s???n c???a ch??nh quy???n Obama ??? Ch??u ??: ch??nh s??ch ???xoay tr???c??? ho???c ???t??i c??n b???ng??? c??c ngu???n l???c ngo???i giao, ch??nh tr??? v?? qu??n s??? Hoa K??? ??? Ch??u ??. Cu???n s??ch c???a Campbell nh???m b???o v??? s??? xoay tr???c n??y. ??ng vi???t r???ng ??ng c?? hai lu???n ??i???m ch??nh trong cu???n s??ch (trang 7). Lu???n ??i???m ?????u l?? ???Ch??u ?? th?????ng xuy??n ??? n???u kh??ng ph???i lu??n lu??n ??? ch??? l?? khu v???c ???????c ch?? tr???ng th??? nh?? sau c??c khu v???c kh??c nh?? Ch??u ??u trong Chi???n tranh L???nh v?? Trung ????ng trong cu???c chi???n ch???ng kh???ng b???. ???? ?????n l??c ph???i xem x??t l???i quan ??i???m n??y v?? n??ng Ch??u ?? th??nh t??m ??i???m cho c??c nh?? ho???ch ?????nh ch??nh s??ch M???.??? Lu???n ??i???m th??? hai l?? ???ng h??? m???t chi???n l?????c ????? th???c hi???n ???????c ??i???u n??y, v???i m???c ti??u ???ho??n th??nh vai tr?? truy???n th???ng h???u Th??? chi???n II ??? khu v???c, ?????m b???o cam k???t v???i c??c ?????ng minh, v?? gi??? v???ng ???h??? ??i???u h??nh??? Ch??u ?? (c??c th???a thu???n ph???c t???p v??? ph??p l??, an ninh v?? th???c d???ng ???? gi??? v???ng an ninh v?? ph??t tri???n trong b???n th???p ni??n qua).???

Ti???n tri???n c???a ch??nh s??ch k??? t??? l??c cu???n Xoay tr???c ???????c xu???t b???n kh??ng su??n s??? l???m. Vi???c Trung Qu???c ti???p t???c b??nh tr?????ng ??? Bi???n ????ng v?? th???ng th???ng t??? ch???i tu??n theo ph??n quy???t c???a T??a Tr???ng t??i v??? y??u s??ch ch??? quy???n c???a n?????c n??y cho th???y ???h??? ??i???u h??nh??? Ch??u ?? ??ang g???p ph???i r???i ro l???n. C??c n?????c kh??c trong khu v???c c??ng ph???n ?????i h??nh ?????ng c???a Trung Qu???c gi???ng Hoa K???. Nh??ng nh???ng s??? ph???n ?????i n??y kh??ng thay ?????i ???????c c???c di???n tr??n bi???n. C??i ch???t c???a Qu???c v????ng Th??i Lan Bhumibol Adulyadej v??o th??ng M?????i c??ng gi???m kh??? n??ng qu??n ?????i s??? nh?????ng quy???n ki???m so??t ch??nh tr???, l??m ph???c t???p th??m quan h??? c???a Hoa K??? v???i m???t ?????ng minh quan tr???ng nh??ng ??ang ng??y c??ng ng??? v??? Trung Qu???c. T??? h??n, hi???p ?????nh t??? do th????ng m???i ?????i t??c xuy??n Th??i B??nh D????ng (TPP), m???t hi???p ?????nh m?? ??ng Campbell cho r???ng ???kh?? m?? n??u h???t ???????c t???m quan tr???ng, l?? ?????i???u ki???n t???i c???n thi???t c???a xoay tr???c??? (trang 266), ??ang g???p ph???i v???n ????? l???n. Hai ???ng vi??n tranh c??? T???ng th???ng Hoa K??? ??ang thi nhau ph?? ph??n TPP, v?? nhi???u kh??? n??ng n?? c??ng s??? kh??ng ???????c m???t Qu???c h???i s???p m??n nhi???m th??ng qua.

Campbell c??ng ph??? ?????u tr?????c c??c ch??? tr??ch v???i ch??nh s??ch xoay tr???c. ??ng cho r???ng xoay tr???c th?????ng b??? ?????ng th???i ch??? tr??ch l?? ???l??m qu?? ??t n??n ch??? quan tr???ng v?? l??m qu?? nhi???u ?????n m???c g??y h???i??? (trang 20). ??ng d??ng s??? m??u thu???n n??y ????? cho r???ng ch??nh s??ch xoay tr???c l?? v???a ?????, kh??ng qu?? ??t c??ng kh??ng qu?? nhi???u ??? m???t chi???n thu???t m?? t???t c??? c??c ch??nh tr??? gia, nh?? b??o v?? quan ch???c ?????u d??ng khi b??? t???n c??ng t??? c??? hai b??n. Tuy nhi??n, c??u tr??? l???i n??y hi???u sai b???n ch???t c???a c??c ch??? tr??ch: ch??? tr??ch cho r???ng xoay tr???c ???? l??m qu?? ??t ????? tr???n an ?????ng minh c???a Hoa K???, v?? qu?? nhi???u ?????n m???c Trung Qu???c lo ng???i r???ng Hoa K??? ??ang l???p m???t kh???i khu v???c ????? c??n b???ng v?? ki???m ch??? s??? ???tr???i d???y??? c???a n??.

Th???t v???y, c??c quan ch???c Trung Qu???c s??? c???m th???y cu???n s??ch ???? ch???ng minh cho s??? nghi ng??? c???a h???. Campbell th???ng th???n cho r???ng ???ch??nh s??ch ?????i ngo???i c???a Hoa K??? c???n ph???i ph???i h???p c??c c??ng c??? ngo???i giao, kinh t??? v?? qu??n s??? ????? ng??n ch???n s??? h??nh th??nh m???t b?? quy???n m???i ??? Ch??u ??. ????y ???? lu??n l?? c??ch ????? ?????m b???o c??c gi?? tr??? v?? l???i ??ch c???a Hoa K??? nh?? giao th????ng, t??n gi??o, d??n ch??? v?? an ninh truy???n th???ng??? (trang 136). C??i Hoa K??? cho l?? ???ng??n ch???n b?? quy???n??? (hegemon-prevention), Trung Qu???c s??? cho l?? ???ng??n ch???n??? (containment). V?? c??ng nh?? nhi???u quan ch???c M??? kh??c, Campbell c?? v???, v???i ng?????i Ch??u ??, ????nh gi?? th???p quy m?? c???a th??ch th???c m?? Trung Qu???c ?????t ra ?????i v???i tr???t t??? th??? gi???i m?? Hoa K??? l??nh ?????o: t???i sao B???c Kinh l???i mu???n l???t ????? m???t tr???t t??? m?? h??? ???? ???????c h?????ng l???i r???t nhi???u? Nh???ng d???u hi???u nh?? vi???c T???ng th???ng m???i c???a Philippines Rodrigo Duterte mu???n t??? ???xoay tr???c??? kh???i ?????ng minh Hoa K??? ????? quay sang Trung Qu???c ???? d???i m???t g??o n?????c l???nh v??o tham v???ng c???a Hoa K??? ??? ????ng ?? v?? cho th???y s??? b???t l???c c???a Hoa K??? trong vi???c ng??n ch???n s??? b??nh tr?????ng l??nh th??? t??? t??? c???a Trung Qu???c ???? l??m suy y???u v??? th??? c???a H??a K??? ?????i v???i m???t s??? b???n b?? truy???n th???ng ??? khu v???c t???i m???c n??o.

S??? l?? b???t c??ng n???u cho r???ng Campbell b??? qua nh???ng kh?? kh??n m?? ch??nh s??ch c???a ch??nh quy???n Obama ph???i ?????i m???t ??? Ch??u ??. ??ng ph???i ??i qua m???t qu??ng th???i gian bu???n: c??c s??? ki???n ??? Trung ????ng (trang 307); ???c???m gi??c m???t m???i??? v?? mu???n ???v??? nh????? v???i ng?????i M??? (trang 303); chi ti??u qu???c ph??ng kh??ng ????? (trang 300); v?? ???b??? t???c ch??nh tr?????? (trang 297). Kh??ng may l?? nh???ng ??i???u n??y v???n ti???p t???c x???u ??i k??? t??? khi ??ng b???t ?????u vi???t v?? cu???n s??ch ???????c xu???t b???n. Trong chi???n d???ch tranh c??? n??m 2016, T???ng th???ng t????ng lai Donald Trump ???? ch??? tr??ch nhi???u m???t c???a xoay tr???c nh?? quan h??? ?????ng minh v???i Nh???t B???n v?? H??n Qu???c, c??ng v???i TPP. Kh??ng r?? bao nhi??u l???i ??e d???a v?? l???i h???a trong chi???n d???ch tranh c??? s??? tr??? th??nh ch??nh s??ch th???c s???. Nh??ng c?? v??? b???n th??n ch??nh s??ch ?????i ngo???i Hoa K??? s??? xoay tr???c m???t l???n n???a theo m???t h?????ng r???t kh??c.

Simon Long, tr?????c mang b??t danh Banyan, l?? bi??n t???p vi??n m???ng t??i ch??nh v?? kinh t??? c???a t???p ch?? The Economist.
 

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