Th??? gi???i b???i r???i tr?????c s??? t??n b???o c???a Trung Qu???c ??? T??n C????ng

Thứ hai - 25/11/2019 06:14
Trung Qu???c trong tu???n n??y ?????i m???t v???i c??c b???ng ch???ng t??i li???u r?? r??? cho th???y h??? ???? x??y d???ng m???t nh?? n?????c c???nh s??t r???ng l???n v?? t??n b???o ??? v??ng T??n C????ng xa x??i. Trong m???t s??? c??? r?? r??? b???t th?????ng c??c t??i li???u n???i b??? ch??nh th???c c???a Trung Qu???c, t??? New York Times ???? ????ng t???i nh???ng b??i ph??t bi???u b?? m???t c???a Ch??? t???ch T???p C???n B??nh k??u g???i ng?????i H???i gi??o b??? nhi???m ???virut??? c???a ch??? ngh??a c???c ??oan ch???p nh???n tr???i qua ???m???t giai ??o???n ??i???u tr??? can thi???p ??au ?????n
Th??? gi???i b???i r???i tr?????c s??? t??n b???o c???a Trung Qu???c ??? T??n C????ng

Th??? gi???i b???i r???i tr?????c s??? t??n b???o c???a Trung Qu???c ??? T??n C????ng

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Ngu???n: ???Few Chinese officials are blushing at a damning leak about Xinjiang???, The Economist, 21/11/2019.

Bi??n d???ch: Phan Nguy??n

Trung Qu???c trong tu???n n??y ?????i m???t v???i c??c b???ng ch???ng t??i li???u r?? r??? cho th???y h??? ???? x??y d???ng m???t nh?? n?????c c???nh s??t r???ng l???n v?? t??n b???o ??? v??ng T??n C????ng xa x??i. Trong m???t s??? c??? r?? r??? b???t th?????ng c??c t??i li???u n???i b??? ch??nh th???c c???a Trung Qu???c, t??? New York Times ???? ????ng t???i nh???ng b??i ph??t bi???u b?? m???t c???a Ch??? t???ch T???p C???n B??nh k??u g???i ng?????i H???i gi??o b??? nhi???m ???virut??? c???a ch??? ngh??a c???c ??oan ch???p nh???n tr???i qua ???m???t giai ??o???n ??i???u tr??? can thi???p ??au ?????n???. V??? r?? r??? cho th???y m???t b??? m??y quan li??u m??u l???nh khi Trung Qu???c, b???t ?????u t??? n??m 2017, ???? b???t gi??? h??ng tr??m ng??n ng?????i H???i gi??o, h???u h???t trong s??? h??? l?? ng?????i thi???u s??? Duy Ng?? Nh??, v?? nh???t h??? m?? kh??ng qua x??t x??? trong c??c tr???i c???i t???o v?? nh???ng h??nh vi th??? hi???n s??? m??? ?????o b??nh th?????ng, t??? ????? r??u d??i ?????n c???u nguy???n b??n ngo??i c??c nh?? th??? do nh?? n?????c ki???m so??t. C??c v??n b???n h?????ng d???n ????n ??p bao g???m l???i l??? ???????c s??? d???ng ????? n??i v???i nh???ng ng?????i con c?? cha m??? b??? b???t giam: ???H??y tr??n tr???ng c?? h???i ???????c gi??o d???c mi???n ph?? m?? ?????ng v?? ch??nh ph??? ???? mang l???i ????? x??a b??? c??c suy ngh?? sai l???m???.

C??c quan ch???c Trung Qu???c ???? ????a ra ba ph???n ???ng tr??i ng?????c nhau. Ch??nh quy???n T??n C????ng g???i b??o c??o l?? m???t s??? ???xuy??n t???c ho??n to??n??? do c??c l???c l?????ng ch???ng Trung Qu???c ??? ph????ng T??y d???ng n??n, nh???ng ng?????i kh??ng th??? ch???u ?????ng ???????c khi nh??n th???y khu v???c c???a h??? th??nh c??ng. M???t ph??t ng??n vi??n c???a B??? Ngo???i giao Trung Qu???c ???? c?? m???t ph???n ???ng th???n tr???ng h??n. Thay v?? b??c b??? b???n b??o c??o m???t c??ch th???ng th???ng, ??ng g???i ???? l?? m???t ???s??? ch???p v?? v???ng v??????, nh???m b??p m??o ???nh???ng c??i g???i l?? t??i li???u n???i b?????? ????? b??i nh??? c??c ch??nh s??ch ch???ng kh???ng b??? v?? ch???ng c???c ??oan h??a th??nh c??ng c???a Trung Qu???c. Ph???n ???ng th??? ba, ?????n t??? c??c ph????ng ti???n truy???n th??ng nh?? n?????c v?? m???t s??? quan ch???c, l???i ho??n to??n kh??c. Ph???n ???ng n??y g???n v???i s??? th???a nh???n r???ng T??n C????ng th???c s??? n???m d?????i s??? cai tr??? c???a b??n tay s???t, v?? th??? gi???i n??n vui m???ng v?? ??i???u ????.

Zhao Lijian l?? m???t nh?? ngo???i giao Trung Qu???c v?? l?? m???t ???d?? lu???n vi??n??? cao c???p, s??? d???ng t??i kho???n ri??ng c???a m??nh tr??n Twitter, m???t n???n t???ng truy???n th??ng x?? h???i b??? c???m t???i Trung Qu???c. ??ng Zhao, ng?????i g???n ????y ???? quay l???i ?????m nhi???m m???t v??? tr?? c???p cao ??? B???c Kinh, ???? l??n Twitter v??o ng??y 18 th??ng 11 ????? t??? c??o ph????ng T??y ???rao gi???ng ?????o ?????c???. Ph?? ph??n ph????ng T??y sai l???m v??? v???n ????? v?? kh?? h???y di???t h??ng lo???t ??? Iraq, ??ng tuy??n b??? ???Trung Qu???c x???ng ????ng ???????c hoan ngh??nh v?? ???? th??? hi???n c??ch ?????i ph?? hi???u qu??? v???i kh???ng b??? v?? ch??? ngh??a c???c ??oan ??? T??n C????ng. C???ng r???n v?? th???nh v?????ng l?? m???t s??? k???t h???p tuy???t v???i!??? Lu???n ??i???u ???? ???????c l???p l???i b???i Th???i b??o Ho??n c???u, m???t t??? b??o l?? c???i thu???c s??? h???u c???a t??? Nh??n d??n, c?? quan ng??n lu???n c???a ?????ng C???ng s???n. Trong m???t b??i x?? lu???n in k??m m???t t???m ???nh nh???ng ng?????i Duy Ng?? Nh?? ??ang nh???y m??a, Ho??n C???u ca ng???i c??c ???bi???n ph??p quy???t li???t??? ???? gi??p ng??n ch???n T??n C????ng kh??ng tr??? th??nh m???t Afghanistan hay Chechnya kh??c. T??? b??o n??y ?????ng t??nh v???i lu???ng t?? t?????ng c???a m???t s??? c??c tr?? th???c d??n t???c ch??? ngh??a v?? c??c nh?? tuy??n gi??o c???a ?????ng, nh???ng ng?????i ph?? ph??n ?? t?????ng cho r???ng 100 tri???u ng?????i d??n t???c thi???u s??? c???a Trung Qu???c, nh???t l?? ng?????i Duy Ng?? Nh?? ho???c ng?????i T??y T???ng, n??n ???????c h?????ng nh???ng ?????c quy???n nh?? l?? c??i gi?? cho s??? t???n t???i h??a b??nh c???nh 1,3 t??? ??a s??? ng?????i H??n. H??? ???ng h??? vi???c th??c ?????y m???t b???n s???c d??n t???c t???p th???.

Th???i b??o Ho??n c???u ???? ????a ra m???t l???p lu???n d???a tr??n quan ??i???m ??a s??? tr??? th???ng th???ng trong b??i x?? lu???n c???a m??nh, cho r???ng khi gi???i tinh hoa ph????ng T??y n??u quan ng???i v??? v???n ????? ng?????i Duy Ng?? Nh??, h??? ???? xem nh??? quy???n c???a t???t c??? ng?????i Trung Qu???c. ???Cu???c tranh ch???p v??? T??n C????ng l?? cu???c ?????ng ????? gi???a kh??ng ch??? gi???a hai h??? th???ng gi?? tr???, m?? c??n gi???a hai h??? th???ng l???i ??ch. T???t c??? ng?????i d??n Trung Qu???c, bao g???m ng?????i d??n c???a t???t c??? c??c d??n t???c ??? T??n C????ng, hy v???ng c?? ???????c h??a b??nh v?? th???nh v?????ng trong khu v???c. C??c bi???n ph??p gi??p ?????t ???????c m???c ti??u n??y ph?? h???p v???i ?????o ?????c v?? c??ng l?????, t??? b??o vi???t. T??? b??o n??y lu??n ??i ?????u trong vi???c n??u c??c quan ??i???m th???ng th???n, th??ch th???c ph????ng T??y v??? v???n ????? T??n C????ng.

N???u x??t nh???ng r???i ro m?? c??c nh?? ho???t ?????ng v?? ng?????i l??u vong Duy Ng?? Nh?? c??ng nh?? c??c nh?? nghi??n c???u ph????ng T??y ???? ph???i ?????i m???t ????? ????a c??c th??ng tin v??? T??n C????ng ra th??? gi???i b??n ngo??i, th?? nghe c?? v??? v?? l?? khi ph????ng T??y d?????ng nh?? kh?? ?????i m???t v???i s??? th???t h??n l?? v???i nh???ng l???i n??i d???i tr???ng tr???n. ???? l?? b???i v?? n???u nh??n v??o quan ??i???m c???a ??ng T???p th??? hi???n trong c??c t??i li???u b??? r?? r???, c?? th??? th???y quan ??i???m c???ng r???n v??? T??n C????ng ??? r???ng Trung Qu???c r???t t??n nh???n, v?? c???n ph???i nh?? v???y ??? l???i r???t g???n v???i quan ??i???m c???a ch??nh ??ng T???p. C??c t??i li???u b??? r?? r??? bao g???m m???t b??i ph??t bi???u b?? m???t t??? n??m 2014, trong ???? ??ng T???p n??i c??c quan ch???c c???p cao n??n g???t nh???ng ch??? tr??ch c???a qu???c t??? qua m???t b??n: ???C??c ?????ng ch?? ?????ng s??? n???u c??c th??? l???c th?? ?????ch ch??? tr??ch, ho???c b??i nh??? h??nh ???nh c???a T??n C????ng???. Th???i ??i???m ???? ??ang ch???ng ki???n c??c cu???c t???n c??ng kh???ng b??? g??y ch???t ng?????i c???a phi???n qu??n Duy Ng?? Nh??, v?? trong c??c t??i li???u b??? r?? r???, ??ng T???p th??? hi???n quan ??i???m kh??c v???i nh???ng ng?????i ti???n nhi???m c???a ??ng, nh???ng ng?????i hy v???ng r???ng t??ng tr?????ng kinh t??? s??? d???p t???t xu h?????ng li khai b???o l???c. ???Trong nh???ng n??m g???n ????y, T??n C????ng ???? ph??t tri???n r???t nhanh v?? m???c s???ng v???n kh??ng ng???ng t??ng l??n, nh??ng ngay c??? khi nh?? v???y, ch??? ngh??a ly khai s???c t???c v?? b???o l???c kh???ng b??? v???n ??ang gia t??ng???, ??ng n??i. Trong c??c t??i li???u b??? r?? r???, ??ng T???p ?????t ni???m tin v??o s??? gi??m s??t to??n di???n, gi???ng d???y ?? th???c h??? nghi??m ng???t v?? gia t??ng d??ng ng?????i H??n ?????nh c?? v??o c??c khu v???c c?? ng?????i Duy Ng?? Nh?? sinh s???ng t???p trung.

??ng T???p l?? ng?????i c?? th???m quy???n tuy???t ?????i trong ?????ng C???ng s???n. Nh??ng ??ng c??ng c?? th??? ???????c coi l?? m???t ng?????i theo ch??? ngh??a d??n t??y v?? ch??? ngh??a d??n t???c trung ????ng t???p quy???n. V?? cho d?? ??ng T???p ??ang th??c ?????y ???Trung Qu???c m???ng??? hay ????i h???i s??? ki???m so??t ch???t ch??? h??n nh???m ???H??n h??a??? H???i gi??o, Kit?? gi??o v?? c??c t??n gi??o kh??c, th?? ?? t?????ng c???a ??ng v???n ???????c nhi???u c??ng d??n ???ng h???. D?? lu???n Trung Qu???c kh??ng ph???i l?? ?????ng nh???t, v?? c??c t??i li???u b??? r?? r??? cho th???y m???t s??? quan ch???c ng?????i H??n ??? T??n C????ng ???? ch???ng l???i ch??? ????? c???ng r???n m???i, th???m ch?? l???ng l??? ph??ng th??ch c??c t?? nh??n ng?????i Duy Ng?? Nh??. Nh??ng ng?????i d??n Trung Qu???c b??nh th?????ng ??ang s???ng gi???a ti???ng tr???ng d???n d???p c???a ch??? ngh??a d??n t???c v?? li??n t???c ???????c nh???c nh??? v??? nh???ng m???i ??e d???a kh???ng b??? kh??ng x??c ?????nh. T???i m???i s??n bay, nh?? ga v?? tr???m t??u ??i???n ng???m ??? Trung Qu???c ?????u c?? c??c ??i???m ki???m so??t an ninh, c???ng v???i nh???ng chi???c th??ng b???c th??p kh???ng l??? tr??ng nh?? v???c d???u c???a ph?? th???y, n??i ng?????i ta c?? th??? th??? bom v??o trong (????? h???n ch??? s???c c??ng ph??). C?? r???t ??t b???ng ch???ng cho th???y c??c bi???n ph??p an ninh nh?? v???y b??? ng?????i d??n ph???n ?????i. Du l???ch n???i ?????a ?????n T??n C????ng ???? ph??t tri???n m???nh m??? ngay c??? khi c??c tr???m ki???m so??t c???a c???nh s??t v?? camera gi??m s??t ???? bi???n khu v???c n??y th??nh m???t khu v???c ???chuy??n ch??? c??ng ngh??? k??? thu???t s??????, v???i c??c blogger du l???ch n???i ti???ng c???a Trung Qu???c b??y t??? s??? ng???c nhi??n v??? m???c ????? an to??n c???a n??i n??y. Quan ??i???m ch???ng H???i gi??o ??ang lan tr??n tr??n m???ng internet ??? Trung Qu???c.

V???i th??? gi???i, s??? t??n b???o b?? m???t c???a ch??nh quy???n Trung Qu???c ???? kh?? ?????i ph??, nay s??? ????n ??p c??ng khai, th???ng th???ng c??n kh?? ?????i ph?? h??n. X??a b??? nh???ng n???i kinh ho??ng ??? T??n C????ng c?? th??? ????i h???i ph???i ?????i ?????u v???i c??ng lu???n Trung Qu???c, c??ng nh?? nh???ng nh?? l??nh ?????o c???a h???. Kh??ng r?? li???u th??? gi???i c?? s???n l??ng ti???n h??nh cu???c chi???n ???? hay kh??ng.???

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