N?????cVi???t c??? g???p 10 l???n ng??ynay

Thứ hai - 08/07/2019 08:19
V??ng ?????t ph??a B???c c???a ng?????i B??ch Vi???t t???ng l??n ?????n t???n ph??a Nam s??ng D????ng T??? (hay Tr?????ng Giang), t???i khu v???c H??? ?????ng ????nh (t???c t???nh H??? Nam, H??? B???c c???a Trung Qu???c ng??y nay). Vi???c n??y kh??ng ch??? ???????c ghi nh???n l???i trong c??c truy???n thuy???t m?? c??n n???m trong nh???ng ch???ng t??ch c???a l???ch s???.
N?????cVi???t c??? g???p 10 l???n ng??ynay


Di???n t??ch n?????c Vi???t c??? l???n g???p 10 l???n ng??y nay

Tr???n H??ng
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V??ng ?????t ph??a B???c c???a ng?????i B??ch Vi???t t???ng l??n ?????n t???n ph??a Nam s??ng D????ng T??? (hay Tr?????ng Giang), t???i khu v???c H??? ?????ng ????nh (t???c t???nh H??? Nam, H??? B???c c???a Trung Qu???c ng??y nay). Vi???c n??y kh??ng ch??? ???????c ghi nh???n l???i trong c??c truy???n thuy???t m?? c??n n???m trong nh???ng ch???ng t??ch c???a l???ch s???.
Truy???n thuy???t
Theo L??nh Nam Ch??ch Qu??i (huy???n s???) th?? ??ng n???i c???a L???c Long Qu??n l?? ????? Minh (ch??u 3 ?????i c???a Th???n N??ng) sinh ra con c??? l?? ????? Nghi. Khi ????? Minh ??i tu???n th?? ph????ng Nam th?? g???p v?? c?????i con g??i b?? V??? Ti??n sinh ra L???c T???c. Ngay t??? t???m b?? L???c T???c ???? th??? hi???n r???t th??ng minh v?? ??oan ch??nh.
????? Minh r???t ng???c nhi??n tr?????c t?? ch???t th??ng minh v?? t??i tr?? c???a L???c T???c n??n mu???n ch???n l??m ng?????i n???i ng??i, th??? nh??ng L???c T???c l???i mu???n nh?????ng ng??i cho anh m??nh l?? ????? Nghi.
Cu???i c??ng ????? Minh quy???t ?????nh truy???n ng??i cho con tr?????ng ????? Nghi l??m vua ph????ng B???c, v?? cho L???c T???c l??m vua ph????ng Nam, l???y s??ng D????ng T??? l??m gi???i tuy???n. ??ng t??? c??o tr???i ?????t tr??n Thi??n ????i r???ng: ???Tr?????c ?????t tr???i nguy???n r???ng: Nam, B???c c????ng th??? c?? kh??c. Nam kh??ng x??m B???c. B???c kh??ng chi???m Nam. K??? n??o ph???m l???i nguy???n th?? ch???t d?????i ??ao th????ng???.
Trong khi ????, d?? h???u nh??n sau n??y ???? m??? mang b??? c??i v??? ph??a Nam, nh??ng l???i m???t ??i ph???n ?????t ph??a B???c, n??n di???n t??ch Vi???t Nam b??y gi??? l?? 331.698 km2 (t??nh c??? di???n t??ch tr??n bi???n), ch??? b???ng kho???ng 1/10 so v???i tr?????c kia. D???u ????y ch??? l?? huy???n s??? th?? kh??ng ph???i ng???u nhi??n m?? c??c ?????a danh l???i xu???t hi???n trong huy???n s???. M???t s??? nh?? nghi??n c???u cho r???ng huy???n s??? n??y ???? di???n t??? l???i m???t cu???c di d??n c???a ng?????i Vi???t c??? v??? ph????ng Nam, c??ng nh?? s??? k???t h???p v?? chia t??ch c???a hai ch???ng Vi???t c??? l???n th???i b???y gi???.
Hai B?? Tr??ng kh??i ph???c giang s??n
Cu???c kh???i ngh??a Hai B?? Tr??ng v??o n??m 40 SCN ???? gi??nh ???????c th???ng l???i v?? l???y l???i nguy??n v???n l??nh th??? n?????c Vi???t c???.
Hai B?? Tr??ng c??ng c??c n??? t?????ng qu??? c???m c???a m??nh ????nh ??u???i qu??n H??n ?????n t???n ?????ng ????nh H???, m???t n??? t?????ng l?? Tr???n Thi???u Lan ???? t??? tr???n t???i s??ng Th???m Giang. ????y l?? con s??ng n???i v???i H??? ?????ng ????nh. S??ch th???i nh?? Nguy???n c?? ghi ch??p r???ng: ???C??c s??? th???n tri???u L??, Tr???n, L?? ??i s??? sang Trung Qu???c, khi qua n??i ????y ?????u c?? s???m l??? v???t ?????n c??ng mi???u th??? b?? Tr???n Thi???u Lan.???

N?????c X??ch Qu??? ???????c t?? m??u c?? di???n t??ch g???p 10 l???n n?????c Vi???t ng??y nay. (???nh: Wikipedia)
T??? ?????y ph??a B???c s??ng D????ng T??? do ????? Nghi cai qu???n, ph??a Nam s??ng D????ng T??? do L???c T???c cai qu???n. L???c T???c khi l??n ng??i Vua l???y hi???u l?? Kinh D????ng V????ng, n??m 2879 TCN ?????t qu???c hi???u l?? X??ch Qu???, bi??n gi???i ph??a B???c t???i ?????ng ????nh H???, ph??a Nam gi??p v???i n?????c H??? T??n, ph??a T??y gi??p v???i Ba Th???c, ph??a ????ng gi??p v???i bi???n Nam H???i.
Nh?? v???y theo s??? ph??n chia v??o th???i ?????y th?? bi??n gi???i ph??a B???c c???a ng?????i Vi???t l??n ?????n ?????ng ????nh H??? (ph??a Nam s??ng D????ng T???), bao g???m c?? c??c t???nh c???a Trung Qu???c ng??y nay nh?? H??? B???c, H??? Nam, Giang T??y, Qu???ng T??y, Qu???ng ????ng, v.v.
B???n ????? n?????c Vi???t c???. (???nh: Wikipedia)
N???u t??nh di???n t??ch th?? B???c gi??p ?????ng ????nh H??? v?? tuy???n 29 B???c, ph??a Nam gi??p n?????c H??? T??n (Chi??m Th??nh sau n??y) v?? tuy???n 11 Nam, ph??a T??y gi??p Ba Th???c (t???nh T??? Xuy??n) kinh tuy???n 105 ????ng, ph??a ????ng gi??p b??? Nam H???i, kinh tuy???n 118 ????ng. T???ng c???ng di???n t??ch c???a X??ch Qu??? kho???ng 2.900.000 km2.
Khi vua Kinh D????ng V????ng m???t, con trai l?? L???c Long Qu??n l??n n???i ng??i, l???p ra nh?? n?????c V??n Lang. Khi ???y, bi??n gi???i c???a B??ch Vi???t v???n ???????c v???n to??n.
Khi gi??nh ???????c giang s??n, Hai B?? Tr??ng giao cho n??? t?????ng Ph???t Nguy???t ch???c T???ng tr???n khu h??? ?????ng ????nh ??? Tr?????ng Sa. N??m 1979, gi??o s?? Tr???n ?????i S??? t??m th???y t???i th?? vi???n b???o t???n di t??ch c??? ??? t???nh H??? Nam (t???nh th??? ph??? ph??a Nam ?????ng ????nh H???, Trung Qu???c) c?? ghi ch??p tr???n ????nh ?????ng ????nh H??? nh?? sau: ???Quang V?? nh?? H??n sai Ph???c ba t?????ng qu??n T??n t???c h???u M?? Vi???n. Long nh?????ng t?????ng qu??n Th???n h???u L??u Long ??em qu??n d???p gi???c. Vua B?? sai n??? t?????ng Ph???t Nguy???t t???ng tr???n h??? ?????ng ????nh. M?? Vi???n, L??u Long b??? b???i. Vua Quang V?? truy???n Nh??? th???p b??t t?? ngh??nh chi???n, c??ng b??? b???i. N??? v????ng Ph???t Nguy???t ph??p t???c v?? c??ng, m???t tay nh??? n??i Nga mi, m???t tay nh??? n??i Th??i s??n, ????nh qu??n H??n ch???t, x??c l???p s??ng Tr?????ng giang, h??? ?????ng ????nh, o??n kh?? b???c l??n t???i tr???i???.
Gi??o s?? Tr???n ?????i S??? t???ng t???i Trung Qu???c ????? t??m hi???u v??? l???ch s??? cu???c chi???n gi???a Hai B?? Tr??ng v?? qu??n H??n, th???y r???t nhi???u t???nh ?????u th??? Vua B??, nhi???u nh???t l?? t???nh H??? Nam (khu v???c ?????ng ????nh H???), nh??ng kh??ng ai c??n nh??? Vua B?? l?? ai.
Khi ??ng ?????n ?????n C??n Minh, gi??o s?? s??? h???c ??o??n V??n ??? ????y cho hay: ???Trong truy???n thuy???t d??n gian n??i r???ng h???i ?????u th??? k??? th??? nh???t c?? tr???n ????nh gi???a qu??n vua B?? v???i qu??n H??n t???i B??? l??ng. Nay B??? l??ng n???m tr??n l??nh th??? T??? Xuy??n, ch??? ng?? ba s??ng Tr?????ng giang v?? ?? giang.???
Gi??o s?? Tr???n ?????i S??? ?????n b???n B??? L??ng thu???c huy???n B??? L??ng, t???nh T??? Xuy??n, Trung Qu???c ????? t??m hi???u. T???i ????y gi??o s?? ???????c S??? du l???ch h?????ng d???n ?????n mi???u th??? 3 v??? th???n, t?????ng c???a Vua B??. Nh??ng b???n th??n h??? c??ng kh??ng bi???t Vua B?? v?? 3 v??? t?????ng n??y c??? th??? l?? ai, ch??? cho bi???t vua B?? l?? ng?????i n???i l??n ch???ng tham quan th???i H??n, c??? v??ng ???? ?????u c?? ?????o th??? Vua B??.
Mi???u th??? c?? r???t nhi???u c??u ?????i, nh??ng cu???c c??ch m???ng v??n h??a c???a Trung Qu???c ???? h???y g???n h???t c??c c??u ?????i n??y. May m???n l?? ba c??u ?????i v???n c??n t???n t???i t???i ng??y nay.
Ph??a tr?????c c???a mi???u c?? c??u ?????i r???ng:
Kh???ng kh??i, ph?? Tr??ng, th???i b???t l???i,
??o???n tr?????ng, tr???c ?????nh, ti???t??? can v??n.

Ngh??a l??:
Kh???ng kh??i ph?? vua Tr??ng, ng???t th???i c???a Ng??i kh??ng l??u.
??u???i ???????c T?? ?????nh, nh??ng ??au l??ng thay, ph???i t??? t???n???
kh?? ti???t ng??t t???ng m??y.

Ph??a trong mi???u c?? c??u ?????i:
Giang th?????ng tam anh ph?? n??? ch??a,
B??? L??ng b??ch t???c kh???c th???n trung.

Ngh??a l??:
Tr??n s??ng Tr?????ng giang, ba v??? anh h??ng ph?? t?? n??? ch??a,
T???i b???n B??? l??ng, tr??m h??? kh??c cho c??c v??? th???n trung th??nh.

Nh???ng t?? li???u n??y cho th???y bi??n gi???i ng?????i Vi???t th???i Hai B?? Tr??ng ph??a b???c t???i ?????ng ????nh H??? (ph??a Nam s??ng D????ng T???), ph??a T??y t???i t???n Ba Th???c (t???c t???nh T??? Xuy??n ng??y nay).
B???n ????? n?????c L??nh Nam th???i Hai B?? Tr??ng, ph??a B???c ?????n ?????ng ????nh H???, ph??a T??y ?????n B??? L??ng (Ba Th???c).  (???nh: Wikipedia)
Tr???i qua ng??n n??m B???c thu???c, ng?????i Vi???t d???n d???n xu???ng ph??a Nam ????? tr??nh s??? cai tr??? h?? kh???c, khi???n khu v???c ph??a B???c ng?????i Hoa H??? ng??y c??ng ????ng h??n.
N??m 938, Ng?? Quy???n l??nh ?????o ng?????i B??ch Vi???t ????nh b???i qu??n Nam H??n, l??m ch??? l???i c??c v??ng ?????t c???a n?????c Vi???t. Tuy nhi??n m???t d???i ?????t l???n ph??a B???c l?? Nam H???i, T?????ng Qu???n, Qu??? L??m ???? b??? b??? qua, v?? di???n t??ch n?????c Vi???t nh??? h??n tr?????c. Sau n??y d?? b??? c??i ???? ???????c m??? r???ng v??? ph??a Nam, nh??ng di???n t??ch ng??y nay ch??? b???ng h??n 1/10 so v???i tr?????c ????y.
Truy???n thuy???t kh??ng c??ch xa s??? th???c
Trong b??i vi???t c?? t???a ????? ???Th??? t??m l???i bi??n gi???i c??? c???a Vi???t Nam??? tr??n di???n ????n L?? H???c ????ng Ph????ng, v???n l?? b??i di???n v??n ti???ng Ph??p c???a gi??o s?? Tr???n ?????i S??? ?????c trong d???p khai gi???ng ni??n kh??a 1991-1992 t???i Vi???n Ph??p ??? ??, ???????c d???ch gi??? T??ng H???ng Minh ????ng t???i, gi??o s?? Tr???n ?????i S??? ???? nh???c t???i nhi???u lu???n ??i???m kh???ng ?????nh bi??n gi???i Vi???t c??? n???m ??? h??? ?????ng ????nh. Nh???ng lu???n ??i???m n??y ???????c ????ch th??n gi??o s?? Tr???n ?????i S??? kh???o c???u v?? vi???ng th??m th???c ?????a, trong ???? n???i b???t l??:
1 ??? N??i Ng?? l??nh trong truy???n thuy???t v??? ????? Minh x??c th???c n???m ??? Tr?????ng Sa, H??? Nam. Ngo??i ra t???i t???nh n??y c??n c?? r???t nhi???u c??c di t??ch ???????c nh???c t???i c???a t???c Vi???t nh??: h??? ?????ng ????nh, n??i Tam S??n, s??ng T????ng, Thi??n ????i, T????ng ????i, c??nh ?????ng T????ng.
2 ??? Thi??n ????i m?? ????? Minh t??? c??o tr???i l?? c?? th???t, n???m g???n b??n b??? T????ng Giang. Tr??n ?????nh n??y c?? m???t ng??i ch??a nh???, b??n trong c??n c?? nhi???u ch???ng t??ch v??? Hai B?? Tr??ng v?? tr???n ?????ng ????nh. Ngo??i ra gi??o s?? Tr???n ?????i S??? c??n t??m th???y m???t t??i li???u mang t??n ???Thi??n ????i di s??? l???c??? t???i th?? vi???n H??? Nam, trong ???? mi??u t??? r?? r???ng Thi??n ????i th??? vua ????? Minh v?? vua Kinh D????ng.
3 ??? C??nh ?????ng T????ng l?? n??i m?? L???c Long Qu??n v?? ??u C?? ???? h???n nhau t??i h???i m???i n??m m???t l???n l?? c?? th???t. Gi??o s?? Tr???n ?????i S??? k???t lu???n r???ng c??nh ?????ng T????ng ch??nh l?? v??ng tr??ng ph??a T??y Ng???n, gi???i h???n ph??a B???c l?? h??? ?????ng ????nh, Nguy??n Giang. Ph??a Nam l?? Linh L??ng, H??nh Giang. Ph??a T??y l?? v??ng Chi??u D????ng, L??nh Th???y. Nh??ng nay c??nh ?????ng T????ng ch??? c??n khu v???c t??? gi??c: T????ng Giang, Nguy??n Giang, Li??n Th???y, Th???ch Kh?? Th???y.
C??ng v???i m???t s??? lu???n ??i???m v???ng ch???c kh??c, gi??o s?? Tr???n ?????i S??? ??i ?????n k???t lu???n r???ng:
Bi??n gi???i c??? c???a n?????c Vi???t, v???i c??c tri???u ?????i H???ng B??ng, ??u L???c, L??nh Nam, ph??a B???c qu??? t???i h??? ?????ng ????nh, ph??a T??y gi??p T??? Xuy??n.
V???y l?? di???n t??ch n?????c Vi???t c??? th???c s??? l???n g???p 10 l???n ng??y nay.
Ghi ch??N?????c Vi???t c??? v?? ng?????i Vi???t c??? l?? kh??c so v???i n?????c Vi???t v?? ng?????i Vi???t hi???n nay. Ng?????i Vi???t hi???n nay ch??? l?? m???t nh??nh c???a ng?????i Vi???t c???.
Tr???n H??ng

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