V?? l???i D?? Th??? Ho??n

Thứ hai - 27/05/2019 23:15
V?? l???i D?? Th??? Ho??n
D?? Thi Ho??n kh??ng bi???t l??m th?? ti???ng Vi???t
Th??? s??u - 24/10/2014 13:32

Lts:
Ch??a bao gi??? trong c??i Vi???t sau th???i h???u chi???n n???i da x??o th???t tang th????ng cu???i th??? k??? XX ?????u th??? k??? XXI l???i xu???t hi???n m???t ki???u vi???t V?? l???i phi v??n ch????ng, d??i d??ng nh???t nh???o g?????ng g???o nh?? Nguy???n Quang Thi???u, c???t l???n v?? c???m v?? t??m v?? t??nh nh?? Thanh T??m Tuy???n, s?? s??i l??ng th??ng k??? l??? b??o c??ng xu th???i nh?? L?? V??n Ng??n, k???ch c???m kh???nh kh???ng kh?? khan nh?? Nguy???n Khoa ??i???m, ng?? ng???ng gi??? c???y qu??i g??? ??au gh??? nh?? Tr???m In ra sa ra, t?? m?? h???i h???t u???n ??o n??ng c???n s?? s??i nh?? Nguy???n B??nh Ph????ng, t???c t??? nh?? V??n C???m H???i, h??? n??t nh?? Ho??ng V?? Thu???t v?? d???c c???m b???nh ho???n nh?? Vi Th??y Linh???
V?? l???i D?? Th??? Ho??n

V?? l???i D?? Th??? Ho??n

D?? Thi Ho??n kh??ng bi???t l??m th?? ti???ng Vi???t
Th??? s??u - 24/10/2014 13:32

Lts:
      Ch??a bao gi??? trong c??i Vi???t sau th???i h???u chi???n n???i da x??o th???t tang th????ng cu???i th??? k??? XX ?????u th??? k??? XXI l???i xu???t hi???n m???t ki???u vi???t V?? l???i phi v??n ch????ng, d??i d??ng nh???t nh???o g?????ng g???o nh?? Nguy???n Quang Thi???u, c???t l???n v?? c???m v?? t??m v?? t??nh nh?? Thanh T??m Tuy???n, s?? s??i l??ng th??ng k??? l??? b??o c??ng xu th???i nh?? L?? V??n Ng??n, k???ch c???m kh???nh kh???ng kh?? khan nh?? Nguy???n Khoa ??i???m, ng?? ng???ng gi??? c???y qu??i g??? ??au gh??? nh?? Tr???m In ra sa ra, t?? m?? h???i h???t u???n ??o n??ng c???n s?? s??i nh?? Nguy???n B??nh Ph????ng, t???c t??? nh?? V??n C???m H???i, h??? n??t nh?? Ho??ng V?? Thu???t v?? d???c c???m b???nh ho???n nh?? Vi Th??y Linh???
                               
 

D?? TH??? HO??N V?? L???I NH??? - KH??NG BI???T L??M TH?? TI???NG VI???T

                                                      ????? Ho??ng

       Nh?? th?? D??? Th??? Ho??n thu???c d??n t???c thi???u s???, ng?????i Hoa l???y ch???ng Vi???t c?? ng??? ??? H???i Ph??ng c?? con trai ???? v??o ?????i h???c nh??ng ?????n n??m ?????u th???p k??? 90 th??? k??? tr?????c ti???ng Vi???t c??n b???p b???. Nhi???u ng?????i n??i t???ng ch??? m???t ????i ng???c h??nh ch??? v???n v?? t?? m???m c?????i vui v???, c??? t?????ng ng???c h??nh l?? ng???c b??ch ??eo tr??n c??? T??? Hy Th??i H???u(!). Sau ?????t seminar th?? ch??? ??? kh??a IV tr?????ng vi???t v??n Nguy???n Du l?? ch??? b??? v??? ??i bu??n lu??n. T??? ???y ?????n nay ch???c ch??? ???? b??? h???n v??n ch????ng.v?? kh??ng th???y ch??? xu???t hi???n ??? ????u.
  Th???nh tho???ng c?? m???y nh?? ph?? b??nh m???u d???ch nh???c ch??? nh?? l?? hi???n t?????ng th?? n??? th???p k??? 90 n??n t??i c??ng vi???t v??i l???i ph???n bi???n!
   Nh???ng n??m ???y ch??? ra t???p th?? L???i nh??? v?? t???n kh??ng ??t gi???y m???c ng???i ca ch???. N??i cho ????ng ???? l?? t???p V?? L???I NH???. Th?? ch??? r??nh l?? V?? l???i, n??i n??ng lung tung, t?? duy lung tung lang tang, kh??ng ?????u, kh??ng ????a. X??t v??? m???t thi ph??p ngh??? thu???t th?? th?? h???u nh?? ch??? kh??ng bi???t g?? v??? th?? Vi???t, t??m l?? th?????ng th???c v??n ch????ng, t??m l?? t??nh c???m c???a ng?????i Vi???t.
  ??i???n h??nh l?? nh???ng b??i kh??c c???a ch???. T??i ???? vi???t v??? ch??? v???i chuy??n lu??n ??? Nh???ng ph??c th???o th?? D?? Th??? Ho??n??? in trong ???T??m c???m g???i cho ?????i??? ??? Nh?? xu???t b???n Thanh Ni??n n??m 2011
  Ch??? vi???t b??i kh??c Nguy???n Tu??n, c?? nh?? th?? V?? Hi???n trong ceminer ph?? b??nh l??: ?????em b??i kh??c Nguy???n Tu??n ?????t kh??c Nguy??n Ng???c th?? c??ng kh??ng sao. Nguy??n Ng???c ng???i nghe d?????i l???p m???t ????? nh?? g?? ch???i ph???i g?????ng c?????i v?? ch???c c??ng thu???c ph??i l??ng x?? D?? Th??? Ho??n.
    R???i b??i ???M?????i n??m ti???ng kh??c???- b??i n??y n??i v??? n???i ??au c???a nh???ng ng?????i Trung Qu???c s???ng l??u ?????i tr??n ?????t Vi???t ph???i h???i h????ng do th??? l???c ch??nh tr??? l??c b???y gi??? b???t h??a v???i nhau. N???i ??au c???a ng?????i m??? ra ??i, ng?????i con ??? l???i, n???i ????u kh??ng ???????c th???p h????ng l??n b??n th??? t??? ti??n, n???i ??au chia ly, xa c??ch l?? c?? th???t. Ch??? c?? nh?? th?? di???n n?? ra l?? kh??ng th???t, kh??ng ph???i th?? ca ng?????i Vi???t. N??i th???ng ra l?? r???t k??m thi ph??p!
???kh??c cho h???t h??i
kh??c cho tr???i s???p
kh??c cho c???t ??i???n ?????
kh??c cho t?? v???c v??? tr??i
kh??c cho c??i t??u im b???t
kh??c cho b??n tay l??i r???i b??? v?? l??ng
kh??c cho ??o??n t??u kh??ng d??m l??n b??nh??????
???.
(M?????i n??m ti???ng kh??c  ??? L???i nh???)
  H??n b???y c??u c?? ch??? kh??c nh?? d?? l?? kh??c th???t nh??ng ch???ng c?? ai r??i m???t gi???t n?????c m???t.
  Trong khi ca dao Vi???t kh??ng d??ng m???t ch??? kh??c n??o m?? mu??n ?????i nghe v???n r??ng r??ng:
???Chi???u chi???u ra ?????ng ng?? chi???u
Nh??n l??n m??? m??? chin chi???u ru???t ??au!
(Ca dao Vi???t)
 R???i b??i ?????i l??? ch??a??? r???t ???????c nhi???u nh?? ph?? b??nh m???u d???ch th???i k??n ng?????c khen n???c n???: ???Trong b??i th?? tr??n, b???n n???i ??au l???n ???????c b???n ng?????i ????n b?? ?????t ra nh?? b???n c??u h???i ??ang ch??? l???i gi???i ????p c???a m???i ?????c gi???. B???n n???i ??au mang b???n g????ng m???t kh??c nhau, b???n s??? ph???n kh??c nhau. B??i th?? ?????t ra nh???ng ?? t?????ng ???  ngo??i l???i th??  nh???ng v???n ????p ??? ngo??i c??u th?? khi???n ng?????i ?????c ph???i n???i suy c??i h??m ngh??a m?? nh?? th?? ???? ?????t ra?????? ((Thi Ho??ng & D?? Th??? Ho??n ??? c???u tr??c hi???n ?????i v???i d???u ???n ph????ng ????ng ??? Nguy???n Vi???t Chi???n.)
????y l?? b??i V?? l???i d??? h??n c??? n??i b??? v??n xu??i
???N??m ng?????i ????n b?? c??ng ng???i tr??n xe ng???a/ Tay kh?? kh?? ??m ?????y v???t t??? l??? - C??u n??y l?? m???t c??u k??? v??n xu???i tuy ????ng nh??ng r???t d??? v?? ch???ng c?? th??ng tin g?? m???i.
C??ng c??u k??? ??i l??? ch??a, nh?? th?? Nguy???n Nh?????c Ph??p ???? n??ng l??n th??nh thi t??? b???t t???:
???S??ng nay ??i ch??a H????ng
Hoa c??? m??? h??i s????ng
C??ng th???y me em d???y
Em v???n ?????u soi g????ng???
 N?? ?????y ch???t nh???c, t??nh h???a, t??nh th??, v?? r???t d???t d??o. C??n hai c??u k??? c???a D?? Th??? Ho??n th?? kh?? nh?? ng??i, v?? tinh v?? c???m!
C??u ti???p: Ng?????i th??? nh???t th??? d??i:
 ???T???i nghi???p nh???t l?? ng?????i ????n b?? kh??ng ch???ng???.
 C?? th???t th??? kh??ng? Ch??a h???n ????ng!
Th???i hi???n ?????i ph??? n??? kh??ng l???y ch???ng ch??? th??ch ?????c th??n th?? sao? Ngay c??? th???i x??a ng?????i ta coi g??i c?? ch???ng c??ng l?? c??i n??? n???n:
 ???Ch???ng g?? anh, v??? g?? t??i
Ch???ng qua l?? c??i n??? ?????i g?? ????y
M???i ng?????i m???i n??? c???m tay
?????i x??a n??? ??t, ?????i nay n??? nhi???u???
(Ca dao Vi???t)
 C??u th??? ti???p:
Ng?????i th??? hai ch??p mi???ng:
V?? ph??c nh???t l?? ng?????i ????n b?? kh??ng con
C??u n??y c??ng kh??ng ????ng v???i ng?????i ph??? n??? Vi???t ch??? ch??a n??i ng?????i ????n b?? Ch??u ??u h??? kh??ng mu???n ????? con.
Ng?????i Vi???t coi ch???ng l?? c??i n??? r???i, nh??ng c??i con c??ng l?? c??i n??? ti???p theo, n???u nh?? con b??? tr???ng t??i, ph???n qu???c th?? c??ng n??? h??n n???a.
???Ch???ng con l?? c??i n??? n???n
Th?? r???ng ??? v???y nu??i th??n b??o m???m!
(Cao dao Vi???t)
 V?? ti???p c??c c??u sau ?????u l?? nh??ng c??u n??i c??? l??m ra v??? tri???t l?? v???t nh??ng c??i th?? kh??ng ch??nh x??c, c??i th?? sai ho??n to??n
 Vi???c D?? Th??? Ho??n ch??? t???ng s??? ph???n ng?????i ph??? n??? ????? n??i v??? t???ng n???i ??au m???t l?? vi???c l??m kh??ng n??n. V?? n??i v?? k??? nh?? th??? v???a kh??ng ????ng, kh??ng ch??nh x??c, v???a kh??ng th??? n??o k??? h???t.
N??i v??? n???i ??au c???a ph??? n??? Thanh T??m T??i T??? ???? n??i t??? ng??n x??a:
(Nh??n sinh n??? t??? th??? t???i kh???
N??? t??? t???i kh??? th??? k??? th??n???
(Kim V??n Ki???u truy???n)
Ngh??a l??:
Trong c??i th??? n??y ng?????i n??? l?? kh??? nh???t
Trong gi???i n??? kh??? nh???t l?? k??? l??m ???????
Nguy???n Du ???? d???ch r???t hay:
?????au d???n thay ph???n ????n b??
L???i r???ng b???c m???nh c??ng l?? l???i chung???
(??o???n tr?????ng t??n thanh)

Nhi???u ng?????i khen ?????t l?????i th?? D?? Th??? Ho??n b??i ?????m ?????m tr??n gh??? ???????, n??o l?? h???u hi???n ?????i, l?? ?????i c??ch t??n l??m m???i th?? Vi???t, nh??ng th???t ra ???? l?? m???t b??i b???n th???u nh???t, dung t???c nh???t c???a nh???ng k??? du th???, du th???c :anh du c??n t??m th???o, g???p ch??? ??i???m giang h??? b??y da, nh???ng anh ch??? l???y gh??? ???? l??m gi?????ng h??nh l???c, l???y c??ng vi??n, m???t ph??? l??m ph??ng ng??? giao hoan!
 Sau ph??t gi??y
??m ?????m tr??n gh??? ????
Anh kh??ng c??i khuy ??o ng???c c???a em
(??m ?????m tr??n gh??? ????)
 D?? cho l?? gh??? ???? c???a nh?? m??nh ??i n???a, ch??a n??i gh??? ???? c??ng vi??n v?? h?? ph???  th?? vi???c l???o (giao h???p) nhau nh?? c??c ch?? c???y ??en c???y tr???ng nh???y t?? l???y ????u t??? t???, l???ch s??? c??i khuy ??o cho gi???ng c??i sau ???m???t ph?? huy ho??ng r???i ch???p t???i???!
  C?? ng?????i bi???n b??c th???i ???y c??c th??nh ph??? nh?? c???a ch???t ch???i, c??c ????i v??? ch???ng ph???i ????a nhau ra c??ng vi??n l??m t??nh. Vi???c ???y trong c?? th??? c?? th???t, nh??ng trong thi ca th?? kh??ng n??n kh??i qu??t n?? nh?? v???y ??em ra l??m b??i h???c ?????o ?????c ph?? ph??n gi???ng ?????c!.
Cha ??ng ta n??i b???ng th?? m?? n??i hay h??n nhi???u:
???Tr??ch ng?????i qu??n t??? b???c t??nh
Ch??i hoa r???i l???i b??? c??nh b??n rao???
(Ca dao)
  M?? theo b??i vi???t tr??n l?? ????i trai g??i m???i y??u nhau. Th???i hi???n ?????i y??u nhau h???c c?? th??? s???ng th??? nh?? v??? ch???ng. Nh??ng giao hoan tr??n gh??? ???? c??ng vi??n th?? ch??? c?? lo??i l???c s??c. Kh??ng th??? khen v?? l??ng x?? nh???ng c??ch vi???t b???n th???u nh?? th??? n??y ???????c!
  S???ng bu??ng th???, l???c s??c nh?? tr??n th?? ng?????i Vi???t c??ng ???? n??i v?? vi???t l??u r???i. Ng?????i ta n??i b???ng th?? v?? hay h??n nhi???u, k??n ????o h??n nhi???u:
???Ch??i cho th???ng tr???ng, long chi??ng
R???i ta s??? l???y l???p nghi??m l??m ch???ng
Ch??i cho th???ng tr???ng ta b???ng
R???i ra ta s??? l???y ch???ng l???p nghi??m???
(Ca dao Vi???t)
 D?? Th??? Ho??n kh??ng bi???t l??m th?? ti???ng Vi???t. Tuy kh??ng v?? l???i  d??i d??ng nh???t nh???o g?????ng g???o nh?? Nguy???n Quang Thi???u, c???t l???n v?? c???m nh?? Thanh T??m Tuy???n, s?? s??i l??ng thong g?????ng g???o b??o c??ng xu th???i nh?? L?? V??n Ng??n, k???ch c???m kh???nh kh???ng kh?? kh??ng kh???c nh?? Nguy???n Khoa ??i???m, t???c t??? nh?? V??n C???m H???i, h??? n??t nh?? Ho??ng V?? Thu???t v?? d???c c???m b???nh ho???n nh?? Vi Th??y Linh???nh??ng c??ng thu???c lo???i V?? l???i nh???!
 Th?? V?? l???i thua v???n l???n c??c b???n d???ch ngh??a th?? n?????c ngo??i.
 Nh?? th??  hi???n ?????i Ph??p Saint John Perse, gi???i Nobel n??m 1960 ng?????i chuy??n vi???t v??? v?? tr??? kh??ng gian nh??ng v???n g???n v???i ?????i th?????ng. Th?? ??ng l?? nh???ng m???ng phi??u di??u nh??ng th?????ng d??ng nh???ng ??i???p v???n v?? nh???ng kh??c v??n xu??i c?? nh???p ??i???u, c?? ch???t nh???c n???i t??m.
Ngay c???  Rene Char nh?? th?? Ph??p h???u hi???n ?????i nh??ng r???t chu???n nh???c ??i???u:
Chasseur rival tu n???a rien appris
Toi qui sans h??te me  d??passes
Dans le mort que je con tredis???
(Oh la toujouis plus rose solitude)
????? Ho??ng t???m d???ch:
H???i ??ng ?????i th??? ??i s??n, ??ng ch???ng ???????c g???
??ng ?????ng t???t b???t v?????t qua m???t t??i
S??? ch???t ch??c t??i th?????ng ph??? nh???n
??i n???i bu???n lu??n m??i h???ng t????i!
  D?? Th??? Ho??n ???? ??i v??o c??i qu??n l??ng hai m????i, ba m????i n??m nay, kh??ng ai c??n nh???c n???a.
 ??ang ra th?? kh??ng n??n vi???t nh??ng t??i c?? v??i l???i ????? th??a v???i ?????c gi??? l?? b??y gi??? nhi???u t??? ch???c c??? t?? nh??n c??? c??ng quy??n l??ng x?? nhi???u s???n ph???m phi v??n ch????ng v?? v???a l??ng x?? l???i D?? Th??? Ho??n n??n ph???i ????nh l??n ti???ng!
 Thi???t ngh?? c??c nh?? th?? d??n t???c thi???u s??? ti???ng Vi???t c??n n??i ng???ng nh?? Ph?? Tr???m Innasara, D?? Th??? Ho??n, Y Ph????ng...  th?? l??m sao l?? ng?????i c??ch t??n th?? Vi???t ???????c. Qu??? l?? kh??c h??? ng????i, c?????i ra n?????c m???t!

                                   H?? N???i, ng??y 23 th??ng 10 n??m 2014
                                                            ?? - H

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