K?? ???c thanh xu??n c???a ng?????i l??nh tr??? - ????ng H??

Thứ năm - 20/06/2019 03:41
K?? ???C THANH XU??N C???A NG?????I L??NH TR???????ng H??Th???c s?? v??n h???c Gi??o vi??n chuy??n V??n, Tr?????ng Qu???c H???c- Hu???.V??n h???c vi???t v??? chi???n tranh ch??a bao gi??? ng???ng l???i. Chi???n tranh c?? nh???ng s??? th???tt??n kh???c, chi???n tranh c??ng ???? d???ng l???i ??? ????u ????, nh??ng k?? ???c v??? chi???n tranh, h??? l???y t???chi???n tranh, v???n ??ang t???n t???i trong ?????i s???ng c???a m???i c?? nh??n v?? s??? ph???n c???a c??? d??n t???c.Hi???n th???c ?????i s???ng ???? t???ng di???n ra, tr??i qua nh??ng kh??ng c?? ngh??a m???t ??i. N?? v???n c??nhi???n h???u trong t??m kh???m c???a m???i ng?????i t???ng tham d???.Ch??nh v?? v???y, chi???n tranh ???? qua b???n m????i n??m, nh??ng
K?? ???c thanh xu??n c???a ng?????i l??nh tr??? - ????ng H??
  • K?? ???C THANH XU??N C???A NG?????I L??NH TR???
                     ????ng H??
                  Th???c s?? v??n h???c
    Gi??o vi??n chuy??n V??n, Tr?????ng Qu???c H???c- Hu???.
  •  
  •      V??n h???c vi???t v??? chi???n tranh ch??a bao gi??? ng???ng l???i. Chi???n tranh c?? nh???ng s??? th???t t??n kh???c, chi???n tranh c??ng ???? d???ng l???i ??? ????u ????, nh??ng k?? ???c v??? chi???n tranh, h??? l???y t??? chi???n tranh, v???n ??ang t???n t???i trong ?????i s???ng c???a m???i c?? nh??n v?? s??? ph???n c???a c??? d??n t???c. Hi???n th???c ?????i s???ng ???? t???ng di???n ra, tr??i qua nh??ng kh??ng c?? ngh??a m???t ??i. N?? v???n c??n hi???n h???u trong t??m kh???m c???a m???i ng?????i t???ng tham d???.
         Ch??nh v?? v???y, chi???n tranh ???? qua b???n m????i n??m, nh??ng ng?????i l??nh tr??? Tr???n Kh???i c???a nh???ng th??ng ng??y hai m????i tu???i ???? tr??? v??? trong ng??i b??t c???a nh?? v??n Tr???n Kh???i c???a nh???ng n??m th??ng sau cu???c chi???n. T???p truy???n k?? ???Cha v?? con l??nh tr???n??? ra ?????i t??? nh???ng k?? ???c c???a m???t ng?????i l??nh trong ?????i s???ng chi???n tranh, ???????c t??i hi???n l???i b???ng nh???ng s??? th???t sinh ?????ng l?? m???t trong nh???ng t??c ph???m vi???t v??? chi???n tranh b???i ng?????i trong cu???c. Xuy??n su???t 26 c??u chuy???n trong t??c ph???m l?? nh???ng d??ng k?? ???c t??? nh??n v???t ???T??i???, c??ng ch??nh l?? t??c gi???. V???i ?????c tr??ng c???a th??? lo???i truy???n k??, ???? l?? ki???u v??n xu??i t??? s??? k??? l???i nh???ng s??? vi???c c?? th???t trong ?????i s???ng, nh?? v??n ???? ??em ?????n cho ng?????i ?????c nh???ng c??u chuy???n c?? th???t c???a m??nh v??? m???t kh??a c???nh c???a chi???n tranh, t??? g??c nh??n c???a ng?????i trong cu???c. Ch???n c??ch k??? chuy???n n??y, t??c gi??? th???t d??? d??ng thu???t l???i nh???ng k?? ???c c???a ch??nh m??nh, ?????ng th???i c??ng t??i hi???n l???i ???????c m???t ph???n c???a ?????i s???ng l???ch s???. V?? v???y, t??i ?????c ??? t??c ph???m n??y ????? th???y ???????c hai ??i???u: ?????i s???ng t??m l?? c???a ng?????i l??nh trong cu???c chi???n v?? ?????i s???ng c???a d??n t???c m??nh trong chi???n tranh. C??? hai n???i dung ???? ???? g??p ph???n kh???c h???a th??m m???t ph???n s??? th???t c???a l???ch s???. ???? l?? ??i???u t???o n??n gi?? tr??? c???a m???t t??c ph???m. V???i ph???n t??i hi???n k?? ???c ?????i s???ng t??m l?? c???a ng?????i l??nh trong chi???n tr???n, nh?? v??n ???? x??y d???ng th??nh c??ng m???t ki???u ng?????i l??nh c???a nh???ng n??m th??ng kh??ng chi???n ch???ng M??? c???u n?????c. L???ch s??? d??n t???c ???? ghi nh???n m???t giai ??o???n kh??ng chi???n ch???ng M??? 1954- 1975 ?????y kh???c li???t th?? nh?? v??n Tr???n Kh???i ???? k??? l???i cho ng?????i ?????c th???y ???????c m???t ?????i s???ng t??m l?? c???a m???t ng?????i l??nh-thanh ni??n c???a giai ??o???n n??y. B???t ?????u t??? t??nh c???m s??i n???i c???a m???t ch??ng trai m???i l???n, vi???t t??m th?? g???i l???i v?? tr???n gia ????nh l??n ???????ng, Tr???n Kh???i l?? ki???u nh??n v???t ti??u bi???u c???a h??ng v???n thanh ni??n tr?? th???c l??c b???y gi???. Anh ???? b??? l???i ?????ng sau nh???ng ?????c m??, ho??i b??o c???a t????ng lai. ???? l?? ??i???u ki???n s???ng trong b??nh y??n c???a m???t ?????a con c?? cha ??ang ngo??i chi???n tr???n, ???? l?? s??? ??u ??i c???a m???t thanh ni??n tr?? th???c ??u t?? c?? gi???y g???i ??i h???c n?????c ngo??i ????? t???o ngu???n l???c cho m???t h??a b??nh c???a t????ng lai. Tr???n Kh???i ???? t??? ch???i t???t c???, kh??ng ph???i b???ng s??? b???ng b???t x???c n???i m?? b???ng ch??nh t??m huy???t c???a m???t con ng?????i y??u qu?? h????ng ?????t n?????c thi???t tha. Nguy???n v???ng ???????c ph???ng s??? T??? qu???c c???a anh ???????c th??i th??c b???ng ti???ng g???i c???a m???nh ?????t mi???n Nam ??ang ?????i di???n v???i m???t s??? th???t tang th????ng, s??? th???t c???a n???i ??au nh???ng con ng?????i b??? chia c???t ?????t n?????c. Ch??nh v?? v???y, g??c b??? nh???ng ??i???u ki???n ??u ????i cho m???t thanh ni??n xu???t s???c, Tr???n Kh???i ???? kh???ng ?????nh m???t c??u B??y gi??? m?? kh??ng ra tr???n, ?????i l??c n??o n???a????
  • 1
    ????? r???i t??? ????, b?????c ch??n ng?????i l??nh tr???i qua nh???ng ?????a danh t??? qu?? h????ng Qu???ng B??nh ?????n chi???n tr?????ng Tr??? Thi??n, chi???n tr?????ng Khu N??m ??c li???t, ?????i m???t v???i qu??n th??, v???i ch???t choc v?? tang th????ng, con ng?????i ???y v???n
    m???t l??ng ki??n ?????nh, v???n ??i theo ????ng con ???????ng m??nh d?? ch???n. 26 c??u chuy???n l?? nh???ng k?? ???c v??? n???i ??au, v??? m???t m??t, v??? gian kh???. ???? c??ng l?? ?????c tr??ng c???a chi???n tranh. Nh??ng ng?????i ?????c kh??ng g???p ??? ???? l?? n???i h???n tr??ch hay o??n than, c??ng kh??ng than van k??? k??? m?? gi???ng ??i???u chung v???n mang m??u s???c c???a ni???m tin m??nh li???t v??o ng??y mai t????i s??ng c???a d??n t???c. 26 c??u chuy???n trong cu???n s??ch, ng?????i ?????c th???y ???????c nhi???t huy???t c???a m???t ch??ng trai m???i l???n y??u n?????c. Anh b??? l???i ?????ng sau nh???ng gi???t n?????c m???t c???a m???, s??? ??u lo c???a cha, n???i ng???c nhi??n c???a nh???ng ng?????i chung quanh, ????? h??m h??? l??n ???????ng. Kh??ng m???t toan t??nh n??o cho ri??ng m??nh, ng?????i l??nh tr??? ???y ra tr???n b???ng t???t c??? t??nh y??u qu?? h????ng m??u th???t. Qu??? th???t, t??i ???? c?? gi???y b??o ??i h???c n?????c ngo??i t??? tu???n tr?????c. Ai c??ng mong c?? c??i gi???y nh?? t??i. B???i l??c n??y, ung dung l??n t??u ra n?????c ngo??i, ???????c nh?? n?????c lo cho ??n h???c, tr??nh xa n??i bom r??i ?????n n???, th?? c?? g?? b???ng! Nh??ng v???i t??i, t??m h???n t??i ???? ??? ngo??i m???t tr???n c??? r???i. T??i quy???t ph???i ??????c ra ??i???.
    2
    ???? kh??ng ph???i t??m t?? t??nh c???m ri??ng c???a m???i nh??n v???t t??i trong t??c ph???m c???a Tr???n Kh???i, m?? ???? c??n l?? ti???ng n??i c???a nhi???u thanh ni??n tr?? th???c ??????ng th???i. ???? l?? Nguy???n V??n Th???c, l?? ?????ng Th??y Tr??m, l?? D????ng Th??? Xu??n Qu?????H??? ???? d??ng hi???n tu???i thanh xu??n c???a m??nh cho t??? qu???c, cho d??n t???c. V?? n??i nh?? D????ng H????ng Ly,  Ch??ng t??i g???i ???? l?? h???nh ph??c???.
    Quan ??i???m ???y, c??ch s???ng ???y, s??? l???a ch???n ???y kh??ng ph???i ng???u h???ng hay b???ng b???tm?? ???????c hun ????c t??? ?? th???c v??? l??ng y??u n?????c. N?? th???t gi???n d??? nh??ng s??u th???m trong m???i tr??i tim c???a con ng?????i. N???u l??ng y??u n?????c trong nh???ng trang s??ch ???????c ?????nh ngh??a m???t c??ch tr???u t?????ng, th?? bi???u hi???n c??? th??? c???a n?? trong m???i tr??i tim c???a con ng?????i th???t gi???n d??? bi???t bao. Nh?? t??m t??nh c???a ch??ng trai m???i l???n, bi???t tin m??nh ???????c tr??? th??nh ng?????i l??nh
    th???c th???, anh b??ng khu??ng m???t n???i ni???m r???t ?????i th?????ng, r???t con ng?????i m?? ?????m ch???t th??.
  • T??i c???m th???y m???i c??i xung quanh m??nh ?????p ????? v?? th??n thi???t bi???t bao nhi??u. D??ng Ki???n Giang trong xanh d???u d??ng qu?? ?????i. Nh???ng ng?? ???????ng qu?? g???p gh???nh b?????c ch??n tr??u quen thu???c, gi??? n??ng b?????c ch??n t??i l??ng l??ng. Nh???ng b??? tre, kh??m chu???i, nh???ng b???n n?????c m??n b?????c ch??n tu???i th??, ??ang r?? r??o b??i ca ch??c t??i l??n ???????ng???
    3
    Mang t??m tr???ng ???y h??m h??? b?????c v??o cu???c chi???n, d?????ng nh??, bom r??i ?????n n???, ch???t choc gian kh??? kh??ng ng??n ???????c ?? ch?? chi???n ?????u gi???i ph??ng d??n t???c b???o v??? t??? qu???c c???a con ng?????i n??y. L???ch s??? c?? nh???ng l??t c???t ri??ng ????? l?? gi???i v??? nh???ng v???t s???o c???a m??nh. Nh??ng l?? t?????ng c???a m???i ng?????i l???i t???o n??n nh???ng d???u h???n l???ch s???. T???t c??? ???????c x??y d???ng t??? nh???n th???c th???c ti???n. Nh???ng con ng?????i th???i ?????i ???y, h??? ???? th???y ?????t n?????c b??? x??m l??ng. H??? l??n ???????ng. V?? l??m n??n ?????i s???ng l???ch s??? c???a d??n t???c. M???i ng?????i c?? quy???n ?????c l???i l???ch s??? b???ng ch??nh ??i???m nh??n c???a m??nh nh??ng kh??ng ai c?? quy???n ph??n x??t l???ch s??? b???i ???? l?? nh???ng ??i???u ???? qua. B??i h???c kinh nghi???m ???????c r??t ra, nh??ng s???a ?????i l???ch s??? l?? ??i???u b???t kh???. V?? v???y, kh??t v???ng ????nh M??? c???a nh???ng l???p ng?????i ???? v???n lu??n ???????c ghi nh???n b???ng s??? tr??n tr???ng c???a nh???ng con ng?????i sinh ra v?? l???n l??n trong th???i ?????i h??a b??nh. ?????c nh???ng
    d??ng th?? c???a m???t ch??ng trai m?????i t??m tu???i, ????? hi???u anh ta ???? b??? l???i sau l??ng t??nh c???m gia ????nh thi??ng li??ng v?? l??n ???????ng theo m???nh l???nh tr??i tim l?? ??i???u xu???t ph??t t??? b??n trong th??i th??c.
      ???Ba y??u th????ng c???a con!
    Con c?? l???i v???i ba nhi???u. Ba ?????ng bu???n lo???
    Con ???????ng v??o Nam ?????y gian lao th??? th??ch, nh??ng con ??i
    ????ng ???????ng ba ???? ch???n.
    Ch??c ba m???nh kh???e, c??ng t??c t???t!
    H??n ba???
    V??ng Mu, ng??y 27/08/1968.
    4
    G???i ????y l?? nh???ng d??ng tin nh???n th?? ????ng h??n. Nh??ng kh??ng. ???? l?? b???c th?? vi???t c???a th???i chi???n. Th???i kh??ng c?? s??? d??i d??ng, k??? l???, kh??ng c?? nh???ng d???ng co n??u k??o c???a c???m x??c c?? nh??n. T???t c??? v?? mi???n Nam th??n y??u. B???c th?? mang t??nh ch???t th??ng b??o nhi???u h??n b??y t???. Ho???c, anh c??ng b??y t???, b???ng s??? k??m n??n l??ng m??nh. Qu??? th???t, ch???ng ???????ng ti???p theo trong su???t g???n m?????i n??m ????nh gi???c, h??nh tr??nh c???a ng?????i l??nh ???y l?? ??i, ??i v?? ??i.
    ??i qua nh???ng c??nh r???ng, qua l??ng m???c, qua t???t c??? nh???ng n??i nguy kh???n, ch??? ????? m???t m???c ti??u duy nh???t, ???????c tr???c ti???p c???m s??ng ????nh gi???c.V???y m??, ?????n l??c ????ng l??? g???t h??i chi???n c??ng, ng?????i l??nh ???y ti???p t???c b??? l???i ph??a sau nh???ng th??nh qu??? ???y, ????? ti???p t???c con ???????ng ch??ng gai ph??a tr?????c, v???i m???t ti???ng g???i thi???t tha gi???i ph??ng d??n t???c.
  • T??i ra ??i, ????? l???i ?????ng sau bi???t bao nhi??u s??? nghi???p ???? gieo tr???ng s???p ?????n m??a thu ho???ch. ?????i ?????i ???????c tr??n ????? ngh??? phong t???ng danh hi???u anh hung. Th??i ch??o C2, m???i ch??a ?????y m???t n??m, m?? b???m ?????n th?? g???m nh???m g???n h???t. Ch??o ?????ng ?????i, ?????ng ch?? nh???ng ng??y s???ng ch???t b??n nhau. Ch??o V??ng Mu b???t khu???t ki??n c?????ng. T??i b??i ng??i ng?????c nh??n l??n cao ??i???m, nh???ng cu???n kh??i vo tr??n, ????n l??n nh?? n???m
    5
    ???(tr26)
    Mang t??m th??? ????, ng?????i l??nh tr??? Tr???n Kh???i ??i su???t cu???c chi???n b???ng t???m l??ng ch??n th??nh, t??nh y??u qu?? h????ng tha thi???t. V?? v???y, nh???ng c?? x??? c???a anh trong ?????i s???ng chi???n tr???n mang ?????m ch???t nh??n v??n. S??? ????m b???c ?????ng ?????i, s??? quy???t li???t trong chi???n ?????u ???? kh???ng ?????nh ph???m ch???t t???t ?????p c???a ng?????i l??nh c??? H???. Nh??ng c??ng ng?????i l??nh ???y, anh v???n mang trong m??nh nh???ng c???m x??c c?? nh??n ?????p ????? c???a tu???i tr???. ???? l?? gi??y ph??t b???n r???n
    tr?????c m???t c?? g??i. Nh??ng t??i ???n t?????ng h??n c???, l?? cu???c g???p g??? b???t ng??? v???i m???t ng?????i l??nh ph??a b??n kia, ng?????i l??nh Vi???t Nam c???ng h??a. ????ng h??n, ???? l?? m???t b??c s???-?????i ??y Vi???t Nam c???ng h??a. Ng?????i l??nh B???c vi???t ???? v?????t qua nh???ng ?????nh ki???n kh???ng khi???p l??c b???y gi???, l??m quen, v?? hi???u ???????c ?????i s???ng c???a nh???ng thanh ni??n tr?? th???c ph??a b??n kia chi???n tuy???n. Anh nh???n ra, nh???ng con ng?????i Vi???t, d?? ph??a n??y hay ph??a kia, c??ng ??au chung m???t
    n???i ??au chia c???t ?????t n?????c. Chi???n tranh kh??ng ph??n bi???t con ng?????i, n?? l???nh lung d???i l??n nh???ng s??? th???t t??n nh???n, ?????n chung cu???c, ???phe n??o th???ng th?? nh??n d??n c??ng b???i??? nh?? s??? ????c k???t ??au ?????n c???a nh?? th?? Nguy???n Duy. Trong c??u chuy???n v???i ng?????i b??c s???- s??? quan c???ng h??a ????, nh???ng con ng?????i ???? ?????n v???i nhau b???ng s??? c???m th??ng, b???ng t???m l??ng, b???ng s??? chia nh???ng gian nan th???i chi???n. ???D?? hai chi???n tuy???n v???n s???n sang chi???n ?????u, nh??ng l??c n??y, ??? ph???n ?????t gi???i ph??ng, ch??ng t??i coi nh?? h??a b??nh???.
    6
    Kh??t v???ng h??a b??nh lu??n ??? trong m???i t??ch t???c s???ng c???a con ng?????i. Nh???ng ng?????i l??nh, h??n ai h???t, c??ng tr??n tr???ng
    nh???ng ph??t gi??y hi???m hoi tr??n t???ng kho???nh ?????t nh??? nhoi ???y. V??, b??n n??y hay b??n kia, h???
    c??ng ???? ?????i ????i v???i nhau b???ng t??nh y??u th????ng c???a d??n t???c, ?????ng lo???i. ???? c??ng l?? ??i???u
    m?? su???t d???c cu???c chi???n, bi???t bao x????ng m??u ???? ph???i ????? xu???ng ????? t??m l???i cho ?????t n?????c
    m??nh.
    T???p truy???n k?? Cha v?? con l??nh tr???n ????a l???i cho ng?????i ?????c th???y ???????c nhi???u h??nh ???nh c???a chi???n tranh. ??? g??c nh??n c???a m??nh, t??i ch??? ch???n g??c nh??n v??? ?????i s???ng t??nh c???m c???a ng?????i l??nh tr??? b?????c v??o cu???c chi???n ????? th???y ???????c s??? h??o s???ng, nhi???t huy???t c???a m???t l???p ng?????i tr?? th???c tr??? trong chi???n tranh. H??? ???? c???ng hi???n tu???i thanh xu??n c???a m??nh cho T??? qu???c. C?? ng?????i ng?? xu???ng, n??i nh?? nh?? th?? Nguy???n Khoa ??i???m ???kh??ng ai nh??? m???t ?????t
    t??n, nh??ng h??? ???? l??m n??n ?????t n?????c???. V?? c?? ng?????i, may m???n tr??? v???, nh?? ng?????i l??nh tr??? Tr???n Kh???i, r???i tr??? th??nh nh?? v??n, ????? thu???t l???i cho ch??ng ta nghe nh???ng c??u chuy???n v??? chi???n tranh m?? ??? ???? kh??ng ch??? bom r??i ?????n n???, ??? ???? c??n c?? t???m l??ng trong veo ?????p ????? c???a bu???i ban ?????u ?????n v???i l?? t?????ng thanh xu??n.
  •                                                             Hu???, 18/06/2019
                                                                        ??.H
  • 1Tr???n Kh???i, Cha v?? con l??nh tr???n, truy???n k??, Nh?? xu???t b???n H???i nh?? v??n, 2019, tr82
    S?? D, tr8
    3
    S?? D, tr11
    4
    S?? D, tr26
    5
    S?? D, tr26
    6
    S?? D, tr201

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