V??nh bi????t Du T??? L??, ng??i sao c???a th?? c??ch t??n v?? ho?? gi???i

Thứ năm - 10/10/2019 05:08
Nh???c ?????n Du T??? L??, gi???i v??n h???c ngh??? thu???t nh??? ?????n m???t thi s?? c?? s??ng t??c tr???i d??i h??n 60 n??m, t??? qu?? nh?? ra ?????n h???i ngo???i. ??ng b???t ?????u l??m th?? khi tu???i m???i h??n m?????i v?? c?? s??ng t??c ?????u tay ???????c ????ng tr??n t???p ch?? v??n h???c Mai n??m 1958, l??c 16 tu???i v???i b??t danh Du T??? L??. N??m 1973 ??ng ??o???t gi???i V??n h???c Ngh??? thu???t To??n qu???c Vi???t Nam C???ng ho?? th??? lo???i thi ca, v???i t???p th?? "Th?? Du T??? L?? 1967-1972"

R???i n?????c trong bi???n c??? 30/4/1975, nh?? th?? ?????n M??? ?????nh c?? t???i Qu???n Cam, California cho ?????n ng??y qua ?????i.
V??nh bi????t Du T??? L??, ng??i sao c???a th?? c??ch t??n v?? ho?? gi???i

V??nh bi????t Du T??? L??, ng??i sao c???a th?? c??ch t??n v?? ho?? gi???i

B??i V??n Ph??G???i ?????n BBC t??? California, Hoa K???
  • 55 ph??t tr?????c
Nh?? th?? Du T??? L??Ba??n quy????n hi??nh a??nhTUYEN PHAN/FACEBOOK
Image captionNh?? th?? Du T??? L??

M???t sao s??ng tr??n b???u tr???i thi ca Vi???t Nam v???a v???t t???t. Nh?? th?? Du T??? L?? ???? qua ?????i h??m t???i th??? Hai 7/10/2019 t???i Qu???n Cam, California.

Nh???c ?????n Du T??? L??, gi???i v??n h???c ngh??? thu???t nh??? ?????n m???t thi s?? c?? s??ng t??c tr???i d??i h??n 60 n??m, t??? qu?? nh?? ra ?????n h???i ngo???i. ??ng b???t ?????u l??m th?? khi tu???i m???i h??n m?????i v?? c?? s??ng t??c ?????u tay ???????c ????ng tr??n t???p ch?? v??n h???c Mai n??m 1958, l??c 16 tu???i v???i b??t danh Du T??? L??. N??m 1973 ??ng ??o???t gi???i V??n h???c Ngh??? thu???t To??n qu???c Vi???t Nam C???ng ho?? th??? lo???i thi ca, v???i t???p th?? "Th?? Du T??? L?? 1967-1972"

R???i n?????c trong bi???n c??? 30/4/1975, nh?? th?? ?????n M??? ?????nh c?? t???i Qu???n Cam, California cho ?????n ng??y qua ?????i.

Nh???c s??? Anh B???ng qua ?????i

Nh???c s??? Nam L???c: t??i l??m t??? thi???n v?? MC th??? n??o?

B??? c???m kh??i ni???m 'ca kh??c tr?????c 75, ca s?? h???i ngo???i'?

M???t trong nh???ng b??i th?? ?????u ti??n trong ?????i t??? n???n, ??ng vi???t t??? tr???i Camp Pendleton:

"em ????u bi???t t??i c?? nh???ng gi???c m??

bu???i s??ng, camp Pendleton, x???p h??ng, ?????i b???a

c?? r???t nhi???u chuy???n xe bu??t mi???n ph??

n???i li???n Processing Center v???i Tr???i M???t

ng?????i con g??i ???m o ng???i c??ng b??ng gh???

h???i c?? ph???i t??i l?? ng?????i m???i t???i, v??i h??m???"

Tr?????c ????, n??m 1969 Du T??? L?? ???? ???????c qua M??? tu nghi???p v??? b??o ch??. Th???i gian xa nh?? ??ng ???? c?? nh???ng v???n th?? mang c???m gi??c xa l??? n??i x??? ng?????i:

"?????n ????y n???ng c??ng l??? ng?????i

ch??n ??i d?????i ph??? h???n ng???i th??p cao

t??i nh?? qu??i v???t ch???n n??o

ngu ng?? l??? l???c b?????c v??o c??i ??m

r??ng r??ng nh???ng b??ng d?? nh??n

??i qua, ??i l???i b?????c ch??n ngo??i ?????i

b???ng th??m kh??t m???t ti???ng th??i

b??? ti???n v??o m??y nghe l???i ch??o ??ng"

[Hai b??i l???c b??t ??? qu?? ng?????i, San Francisco 10-69]

Khi ???? quanh nh?? th?? kh??ng c?? ai n??i c??ng ng??n ng???. M???y n??m sau, n??i ??ng ?????nh c?? ??? mi???n Nam California, c?? ????ng ?????ng h????ng, nh??ng ??ng ???? th???t s??? ph???i s???ng ?????i l??u vong.

??ng ti???p t???c l??m th?? v?? l??m b??o. T??? Nh??n Ch???ng, t??? Qu?? H????ng xu???t b???n ??? Nam California trong nh???ng n??m ?????u c???a c???ng ?????ng ng?????i Vi???t t??? n???n ?????u c?? b??n tay ????ng g??p c???a ??ng.

Th?? c???a ??ng l?? nh???ng ho??i ni???m v??? m???t n??i ch???n c??. Nh??? b???n b??, nh???ng con ???????ng c??, l???p h???c x??a. ????m v??? nh??n tr??ng qu?? ng?????i m?? nh???:

"???????m v??? theo b??nh xe qua

nh??? t??i Xa L??? nh??? nh?? H??ng Xanh

nh??? em kim ch??? kh???u t??nh

tr??a ngoan l???p h???c chi???u l??nh kh??m tre

nh??? m??a bu???n kh???p Th??? Ngh??

n???ng Tr????ng Minh Gi???ng l?? h?? T??? Do

nh??? ngh??a trang qu?? b???n b??

nh??? pho t?????ng l??nh bu???n se b???i ???????ng

????m v??? theo v???t xe l??n

t??i tr??ng vi???n x???, s???u em b???n n??o?

[????m, nh??? tr??ng S??i G??n, 1978]

V??n ngh??? s?? mi???n Nam b??? n?????c ra ??i khi ???? ?????u mang trong l??ng n???i nh??? b???t t???n v??? qu?? c??. N?? c??ng xo??y s??u khi ??t c?? th??ng tin t??? b??n nh??. G???n nh?? tuy???t v???ng v?? s??? kh??ng c?? ng??y v???, Du T??? L?? m?????ng t?????ng ra ng??y qui c??? h????ng, l?? sau khi ch???t:

"Khi t??i ch???t h??y ??em t??i ra bi???n

?????i l??u vong kh??ng c??? m???t ng??i m???

v??i ?????t l??? th???t x????ng e kh?? r??

h???n kh??ng ??i sao tr??? l???i qu?? nh??

Khi t??i ch???t h??y ??em t??i ra bi???n

n?????c ng?????c d??ng s??? ?????y x??c tr??i ??i

b??n kia bi???n l?? qu?? h????ng t??i ????

r???ng tre x??a mu??n tu???i v???n xanh r?????

Khi t??i ch???t h??y ??em t??i ra bi???n

v?? tr??n ???????ng h??y nh??? h??t qu???c ca

??i l??u qu?? kh??ng c??n ai h??t n???a

(b??i h??t gi??? c??ng nh?? m???t h???n ma)

Khi t??i ch???t n???i bu???n kia c??ng h???t

?????i l??u vong t???n tuy???t v???i linh h???n.

[Khi t??i ch???t h??y ??em t??i ra bi???n, 12-1977]

???? l?? c??ch ??ng ???? m?? m???t ng??y ???????c tr??? v??? qu?? h????ng.

Nh??ng ph???i m???y ch???c n??m sau ?????c m?? ???? m???i th??nh hi???n th???c. N??m 2014 thi s?? Du T??? L?? b???ng x????ng th???t v?? c??n s???ng ???? v??? l???i qu?? h????ng c??ng l??c v???i gia s???n tinh th???n c???a ??ng ???????c Nxb. H???i Nh?? v??n cho in trong n?????c. ??ng ???? g???p Ho??ng C???m, Nguy???n Tr???ng T???o, ???? c?? nh???ng bu???i n??i chuy???n v??? th??, giao l??u c??ng b???n ?????c y??u th??ch th?? c???a ??ng.

V???i ho??n c???nh ?????t n?????c nh?? hi???n t???i, khi ch??nh quy???n v???n mu???n ?????nh h?????ng suy ngh?? c???a ng?????i d??n v?? ki???m so??t ch???t ch??? vi???c in ???n, xu???t b???n th?? nh???ng giao ti???p gi???a v??n ngh??? s?? trong v?? ngo??i n?????c c??n nhi???u gi???i h???n v?? nh???ng chuy???n tr??? v??? c???a v??n ngh??? s?? Vi???t Nam C???ng ho?? lu??n t???o n??n d?? lu???n. Tr?????ng h???p Du T??? L?? c??ng kh??ng l?? ngo???i l??? v?? ??ng t???ng l?? m???t ?????i ??y t??m l?? chi???n, t???ng l?? ph??ng vi??n chi???n tr?????ng, l?? th?? k?? nguy???t san Ti???n Phong c???a Qu??n l???c Vi???t Nam C???ng ho??. Tr?????c nh???ng ch??? tr??ch, k??? c??? vi???c s???a th?? ????? c?? c??? t???n c??ng, ??ng ch???n s??? im l???ng.

Nh?? th?? Du T??? L?? (tr??i) c??ng nh?? th?? Tr???n D??? T???Ba??n quy????n hi??nh a??nhTUYEN PHAN
Image captionNh?? th?? Du T??? L?? (tr??i) c??ng nh?? th?? Tr???n D??? T???

Du T??? L?? ???? c?? ?? t?????ng ho?? gi???i ho?? h???p v???i v??n ngh??? s?? qu?? nh?? t??? khi ??ng ????a th?? c???a m??nh v??o t???p "Two Rivers: new Vietnamese writing from America and Vietnam" [Uni. Of Hawaii Press, 2002] do Frank Stewart l?? ch??? bi??n, v???i s??? ?????ng bi??n t???p c???a Kevin Bowen v?? Nguy???n B?? Chung. T???p th?? v??n n??y c?? s??ng t??c c???a H???u Th???nh, L??m Th??? M??? D???, Nguy???n Minh Ch??u t??? trong n?????c v?? h???i ngo???i c?? Mai Th???o, ????? Kh., Phan Nhi??n H???o, ??inh Linh, Barbara Tr???n, Nguy???n Qu?? ?????c v.v???

Th?? Du T??? L?? ???? xu???t hi???n trong nhi???u s??ch, t???p san th?? v?? b??o ti???ng Anh ??? M???, nh?? trong t??c ph???m "Understanding Vietnam" c???a Neil J. Jamieson [Uni. of California Press, 1993], trong "World Poetry - An Anthology of Verse from Antiquity to Our Time" [Nxb. W.W. Norton, 1998] c??ng v???i n??m nh?? th?? Vi???t kh??c, hay tr??n c??c b??o New York Times, Los Angeles Times. ??ng c??ng ???? c?? nhi???u d???p ?????n c??c ?????i h???c Harvard, U.C. Berkeley, CSU Fullerton n??i chuy???n v??? thi ca v?? v??n h???c Vi???t Nam.

Ng?????i ?????c th?? Du T??? L?? r???t d??? nh???n ra c??ch l??m th?? c???a ??ng c?? nh???ng kh??c l???. Nh???ng v???n th??, v?? c??? v??n, c???a ??ng vi???t theo l???i m?? ??ng g???i l?? "c??ch t??n" - kh??ng ph???i l?? th?? "t??n h??nh th???c".

Nh???ng b??i l???c b??t, m???t th??? lo???i th?? ph??? bi???n trong d??n gian n?????c Vi???t, th?????ng theo nh???p 2 ?????u ?????n, nh?? trong Truy???n Ki???u x??a v???i h??ng ngh??n c??u hay nh???ng v???n th?? ??????ng ?????i c???a Ph???m Thi??n Th??: "R???ng x??a c?? g?? t??? quan / L??n non t??m ?????ng hoa v??ng ng??? say"

B??? c???m kh??i ni???m 'ca kh??c tr?????c 75, ca s?? h???i ngo???i'?

????? ?????c L??m Ng????n T??nh qua ?????i

D???ch s??ch v??n h???c Vi???t Nam: Hay d???, kh?? d????

C??n l???c b??t Du T??? L?? ng???t theo l???i kh??c, c?? th??? l?? 1, 3, 2 cho c??u s??u v?? 3, 1, 4 cho c??u t??m, b???ng d???u ph???y, ch???m, hai ch???m, ba ch???m hay d???u c???t nghi??ng n??n khi ?????c ph???i ch???m l???i, ng???ng, ngh???, ngh?? suy:

"n??n, con s??ng kh??ng thi h??nh

c??t suy tho??i, mu???n, v??i gh???nh/ th??c/ cao/.

tr??a ch??n ch??n: d??m con s??o

b??ng toan xu???ng c???p. th??n h??? h???i, can /."

[Bi???n, g????ng, seattle]

Hay m???t ??o???n l???c b??t kh??c c???a ??ng:

"h??ng c??y, h??ng c??y, ph????ng t??y /.

gi??: kh?? g??c tr??i; ng???c: l???y d???u ??inh /.

n??ng v???, n??ng v???, vai thu??n

v??m t??m ???n t?????ng tr?? c?????ng ??i???u, khoan /."

[ph??c ho??? Hoa Th???nh ?????n]

Kh??ng ph???i khi ra h???i ngo???i th?? Du T??? L?? m???i c??ch t??n. Trong nh???ng n??m ?????u s??ng t??c ??ng ???? c?? l???i ng???t l???c b??t kh??c th?????ng:

Xin em ????i c??nh tay m???m

M???t b??n n???ng???d???t, m???t b??n m??a???d??u

[Tr???m ca th??ng Gi??ng, 1962]

Nh???c s?? T??? C??ng Ph???ng v?? nh?? th?? Du T??? L?? (ph???i)Ba??n quy????n hi??nh a??nhTUYEN PHAN/FACEBOOK
Image captionNh???c s?? T??? C??ng Ph???ng v?? nh?? th?? Du T??? L?? (ph???i)

Trong m???t l???n n??i chuy???n tr??n ????i truy???n h??nh CaliToday ??? mi???n b???c California cu???i n??m 2014, ??ng cho bi???t n??m 1967 ??ng c?? g???i nh???ng b??i l???c b??t c??ch t??n cho Mai Th???o, l??c ???? ??ang ph??? tr??ch t???p ch?? V??n, v?? Mai Th???o ???? nh???n x??t r???ng nh???ng b??i th?? c???a ??ng kh??ng ph???i l?? th??? th?? l???c b??t.

C??ch ng???t ch??? c???a ??ng c??n th??? hi???n trong c??c th??? th?? kh??c, 5 ch??? hay 7, 8 ch??? c??ng c??:

"m??a ch??a ??i khu???t, ng??y ch??a t???i

????m, treo ng?????c t??i: d???u ch???m than!

m??a hoen ????i m???t, nh?? v???a kh??c

g???i h???t t??n phai, g?? m???t l???n.

.

tr???i ??em m??y xu???ng neo ch??n s??ng

gi?? h?? ???????ng bay ngang ng???n c??y.

t??? / sinh v???n d?? nh?? h??nh / b??ng.

linh h???n n??o c??n qu???n quanh ????y?..."

[????m, treo ng?????c t??i: d???u ch???m than!]

Th?? Du T??? L?? c??ng ???? ???????c nhi???u nh???c s?? ph??? nh???c: Ph???m ????nh Ch????ng v???i "Khi t??i ch???t h??y ??em t??i ra bi???n", "????m nh??? tr??ng S??i G??n"; T??? C??ng Ph???ng v???i "Tr??n ng???n t??nh s???u"; Ho??ng Qu???c B???o v???i "Ng?????i v??? nh?? b???i"; Tr???n Duy ?????c v???i "Ch??? nh??? ng?????i th??i ????? h???t ?????i".

???????c bi???t ?????n nhi???u nh???t l?? "Kh??c Th???y du" do Anh B???ng ph??? nh???c v?? Quang D??ng ???? ????a b??i h??t l??n ?????nh ??i???m. ????y c??ng l?? ca kh??c g??y tranh lu???n, v?? n???i dung nguy??n th???y l?? m???t b??i th?? d??i c??? tr??m c??u, Du T??? L?? vi???t v??? th??n ph???n con ng?????i trong chi???n tranh, ngay sau T???ng C??ng k??ch T???t M???u Th??n. B??i th?? ?????y m??u v?? n?????c m???t, nh??ng khi chuy???n th??nh ca kh??c, nh???c s?? Anh B???ng ch??? d??ng m???t ph???n c???a ??o???n 3 v?? ????a n?? l??n th??nh b???n t??nh ca ?????y m???ng m???:

"???t??i l??m ma kh??ng ?????u

t??i l??m ma kh??ng b???ng

t??i ch??? c??n ????i ch??n

hay ch??? c??n ????i tay

s??? so???ng t??m thi th???

qu??? qu???ng t??m tr??i tim

l???n tan c??ng v??? ?????n

d??nh v??ng c??ng m???nh bom

th???y ??i v?? th???y ??i

?????ng bao gi??? em h???i

v?? sao m??nh y??u nhau

v?? sao m??i anh n??ng

v?? sao tay anh l???nh

v?? sao th??n anh rung

v?? sao ch??n kh??ng v???ng???"

[Kh??c Th???y du, 3-68]

Du T??? L?? t??n th???t L?? C??? Ph??ch, sinh n??m 1942 t???i H?? Nam. Di c?? v??o Nam n??m 1954, theo h???c c??c tr?????ng trung h???c Tr???n L???c, Chu V??n An v?? ?????i h???c V??n khoa S??i G??n.

??ng ph???c v??? trong Qu??n ?????i Vi???t Nam C???ng ho?? v???i c???p b???c sau c??ng l?? ?????i ??y t???i T???ng c???c Chi???n tranh Ch??nh tr???.

B?? Phan H???nh Tuy???n, v??? c???a nh?? th??, ????a tin tr??n Facebook l?? ??ng ra ??i nhanh v?? nh??? nh??ng. Chi???u h??m ???? ??ng c??n ra qu??n ??n c??m v???i b???n b??, g???n t??m gi??? ??ng k??u m???t v?? ???????c b???n ????a v??? nh??. L??n gi?????ng n???m ngh???, ch??? ??t ph??t sau th?? ??ng tr??t h??i th??? cu???i c??ng.

M???y n??m tr?????c ????y nh?? th?? ???? c?? cu???c ph???u thu???t ???????ng ru???t v?? khi ???? qua tu???i "th???t th???p c??? lai hy" ??ng coi s???ng ???????c th??m ng??y n??o l?? qu?? t???ng (bonus) c???a tr???i cho th??m.

Thi s?? Du T??? L?? h?????ng th??? 77 tu???i v?? ????? l???i cho ?????i 77 t??c ph???m.

S??ng t??c c???a ??ng tr?????c n??m 1975 c??: "T??nh kh??c Th??ng M?????i M???t" (1965), "Tay g?? c???a ?????i" (1967), "Th?? Du T??? L?? 1967-1972", "?????i m??i ??? Ph????ng ????ng" (1974).

Xu???t b???n ??? h???i ngo???i: "??? ch??? nh??n gian kh??ng th??? hi???u" (1985-1989), "??i v???i v??? c??ng m???t ngh??a nh?? nhau" (1992), "Ch???m d???t lu??n h???i em b?????c ra" (1993), "Th?? t??nh Du T??? L??" (1996), "Tuy???n t???p Du T??? L?? 1957-2013" [Nxb. Ng?????i Vi???t, CA]

Nh???ng n??m g???n ????y m???t s??? t??c ph???m c???a ??ng ???? ???????c xu???t b???n trong n?????c: "Ch??? nh??? ng?????i th??i, ????? h???t ?????i," [Cty V??n ho?? C??? ph???n Ph????ng Nam, 2017], "M??? v??? Bi???n ????ng" [Nxb. H???i Nh?? v??n Vi???t Nam, 2017], t???p th?? "Kh??c Th???y Du" [PhanBook, 2018], truy???n d??i "V???i nhau, m???t ng??y n??o" [Saigon Books, 2018].

??ng c??n c?? nh???ng t??c ph???m nh???n ?????nh v??n h???c l?? "S?? l?????c 40 n??m v??n h???c ngh??? thu???t Vi???t 1975-2015" T???p 1 v?? 2 [Nxb. Ng?????i Vi???t, CA]

B??i th??? hi????n quan ??i???m c???a t??c gi??? B??i V??n Ph?? t??? San Jose, California.

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