Gorbachev tr??? th??nh nh?? c???i c??ch c???p ti???n nh?? th??? n??o?

Thứ bảy - 31/08/2019 22:38
Trong nh???ng trang cu???i cu???n s??ch m???i ????y c???a William Taubman vi???t v??? ti???u s??? Mikhail Gorbachev, ??ng m?? t??? c???u T???ng th???ng Nga v?? phu nh??n Raisa ??i d???o ven b??? bi???n t???i khu ngh??? m??t Foros ??? ph??a nam b??n ?????o Crimea trong k??? ngh???, ch??? v??i ng??y tr?????c khi di???n ra cu???c
Gorbachev tr??? th??nh nh?? c???i c??ch c???p ti???n nh?? th??? n??o?

Gorbachev tr??? th??nh nh?? c???i c??ch c???p ti???n nh?? th??? n??o?

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Ngu???n: David Hoffman, ???How Gorbachev evolved into a radical proponent of change???, The Washington Post, 08/09/2017.

Bi??n d???ch: L?? Xu??n Thu???n | Hi???u ????nh: L?? H???ng Hi???p

Trong nh???ng trang cu???i cu???n s??ch m???i ????y c???a William Taubman vi???t v??? ti???u s??? Mikhail Gorbachev, ??ng m?? t??? c???u T???ng th???ng Nga v?? phu nh??n Raisa ??i d???o ven b??? bi???n t???i khu ngh??? m??t Foros ??? ph??a nam b??n ?????o Crimea trong k??? ngh???, ch??? v??i ng??y tr?????c khi di???n ra cu???c ?????o ch??nh th???t b???in??m 1991. Nh?? th??i quen sau nhi???u n??m, nh???ng bu???i ??i d???o c???a Gorbachev v?? phu nh??n th?????ng l?? nh???ng cu???c tr?? chuy???n s??i n???i. H??? tranh lu???n: C??c nh?? l??nh ?????o ???????c ?????nh h??nh b???i nh??n c??ch hay ho??n c???nh nhi???u h??n? V?? h??? cho r???ng c??c nh?? l??nh ?????o coi vi???c tr???i qua l???ch s??? nh?? c?????i tr??n l??ng m???t con c???p v?? ??i???u n??y t???o ra nh???ng nh?? l??nh ?????o xu???t s???c. Theo Taubman, Gorbachev v?? phu nh??n k???t lu???n: ???Ho??n c???nh n??ng t???m c??c nh?? l??nh ?????o, th?????ng bi???n nh???ng th??? ???????c coi l?? ??i???m y???u th??nh ??i???m m???nh???.

C?? m???t c??u h???i quan tr???ng v??? Gorbachev v?? giai ??o???n l???ch s??? k??? v?? m?? ??ng t???o ra. B???ng c??ch n??o m?? con c???a m???t t?? ??i???n ?????n t??? m???t t???nh l??? ??? Li??n X??, ng?????i ?????n ?????i h???c T???ng h???p Qu???c gia Moskva ???v???i d??ng v??? nh?? m???t anh ch??ng n??ng th??n v???ng v??????, l???i tr??? th??nh B?? th?? th??? nh???t c???a m???t v??ng v?? ???????c Gi??m ?????c KGB Yuri Andropov ch???ng l??ng, m???t ng?????i ???l??u gi??? tr??n b??n l??m vi???c c??c tuy???n t???p t??c ph???m c???a Lenin v???i ?????y nh???ng ch??? ????nh d???u tr??n s??ch??? c?? th??? l??nh ?????o Li??n X?? v?????t qua th???i kh???c kh?? kh??n, ch???m d???t Chi???n tranh L???nh v?? ????nh b???i th??? l?? t?????ng C???ng s???n m?? ??ng ???? d??y c??ng nghi??n c???u t??? c??c cu???n s??ch c???a Lenin?

C??u tr??? l???i ???????c ????a ra trong cu???n s??ch nhi???u th??ng tin s??ng t??? c???a Taubman, gi??o s?? h??u tr?? v??? khoa h???c ch??nh tr??? c???a tr?????ng Amherst College ?????ng th???i l?? ng?????i gi??nh gi???i Pulitzer v???i cu???n s??ch vi???t v??? ti???u s??? c???a Nikita Khrushchev. Taubman ???? d??nh m???t ph???n ba cu???n s??ch ????? vi???t v??? nh???ng n??m ?????u ti??n c???a Gorbachev v?? v???i k??? n??ng tuy???t v???i, Taubman ???? l??m s??ng t??? s??? chuy???n h??a v???n tr??? n??n quan tr???ng ?????i v???i nh???ng h??nh ?????ng sau n??y c???a ??ng. Taubman cho th???y r???ng khi kinh qua c??c c???p b???c l??nh ?????o, Gorbachev nu??i d?????ng s??? ho??i nghi s??u s???c v??? t???t c??? nh???ng g?? ??ng ch???ng ki???n, r?? nh???t l?? v??o l??c nh???m ch???c T???ng b?? th?? ?????ng C???ng s???n Li??n X?? th??ng 3 n??m 1985, trong tuy??n b??? v???i phu nh??n Raisa trong m???t l???n ??i d???o: ???Ch??ng ta kh??ng th??? ti???p t???c s???ng nh?? th??? n??y???. Gorbachev nh?? l?? m???t m??y ???i, m???t t??c nh??n ch??a t???ng c?? c???a s??? thay ?????i c???p ti???n len l???i trong B??? ch??nh tr??? ???? x?? c???ng c???a Li??n X??. M???c ????ch c???a Gorbachev kh??ng nh???m ????? ph?? hu???. Gorbachev ngh?? r???ng ??ng c?? th??? c???u Li??n X?? v?? l??m cho ch??? ngh??a x?? h???i v?? ?????i tr??? l???i. D?????i b??n tay c???a Taubman, cu???n s??ch l?? m???t c??u chuy???n ?????c bi???t v??? m???t ng?????i ????n ??ng v?? l???ch s??? trong m???t cu???c ?????u l???n c??ng th???ng. Ng?????i ????n ??ng chi???n th???ng b???ng c??ch ch???p nh???n th???t b???i.

T??? th???i tr???, Gorbachev ch???ng ki???n ???????c kho???ng c??ch kh???ng l??? gi???a nh???ng tuy??n ng??n c???a ?????ng C???ng s???n v???i ??i???u ki???n s???ng ngh??o n??n v?? h?? kh???c c???a cu???c s???ng th?????ng ng??y. ??ng c??ng hi???u bi???t h??n nh???ng ng?????i b???n sinh vi??n n??m nh???t t???i ?????i h???c T???ng h???p Qu???c gia Moskva c???a ??ng ??? nh???ng ng?????i c?? th??? ch??? nh???o ??ng, m???t anh ch??ng n??ng th??n v???ng v??? g???n tr??n ve ??o t???m ???Huy ch????ng C??? ????? Lao ?????ng??? m?? ??ng nh???n ???????c sau n??m m??a h?? gi??p ????? ng?????i cha v???n h??nh m???t m??y g???t ?????p kh???ng l??? ??? r???ng t???p th??? ho?? d?????i th???i Stalin ???? bi???n v??ng n??ng th??n th??nh m???t th???m ho???.

Sau n??y, khi c?? ???????c v??? tr?? ?????u ti??n trong ?????ng, Gorbachev vi???t cho ng?????i v??? t????ng lai r???ng nh???ng b?? th?? ?????ng ?????a ph????ng th???t ???gh?? t???m??? trong c??ch h??? c?? x???: ng???o m???n, tr?? tr??o v?? c??? h???. Gorbachev v???i t?? c??ch l?? l??nh ?????o c???a ?????ng C???ng s???n t???i m???t v??ng ???? s???c v???i c???nh t?????ng l??ng qu?? h???o l??nh ??? Gorkaya Balka, ???????c t???o n??n t??? ???nh???ng t??p l???u th???p v???i ?????y kh??i thu???c, nh???ng h??ng r??o xi??u v???o t???i ??en???. Gorbachev t??? h???i: ???B???ng c??ch n??o ??i???u ???? c?? th??? x???y ra, b???ng c??ch n??o m?? b???t c??? ai c?? th??? s???ng nh?? v???y????

Sau ????, Gorbachev c??ng v???i m???t ??o??n ?????i bi???u Li??n X?? th??m Ti???p Kh???c sau khi qu??n ?????i X??-vi???t nghi???n n??t phong tr??o M??a xu??n Praha n??m 1968. T???i Brno, c??ng nh??n nh?? m??y quay l??ng l???i v???i Gorbachev v?? b??i h???c ??ng r??t ra ???????c l?? vi???c d??ng v?? l???c c???a Moskva kh??ng gi???i quy???t ???????c v???n ????? g??. Gorbachev b???t ?????u nghi ng??? v??? s??? t???p trung qu?? m???c c???a h??? th???ng X??-vi???t. Nh???ng nghi ng??? c??ng b???t ?????u lan t???a trong chuy???n th??m t???i Canada n??m 1983, khi Gorbachev coi nh??? s??? c???n tr???ng v?? trong m???t l???n gi???i lao, ??ng ??i d???o trong m???t v?????n c??y ??n qu??? v???i Alexander Yakovlev ??? ng?????i l??c ???? l?? ?????i s??? Li??n X?? t???i Canada ??? v?? chia s??? v???i Yakovlev nh???ng m???i quan ng???i s??u s???c c???a ??ng. Yakovlev sau n??y tr??? th??nh ki???n tr??c s?? cho nh???ng t?? t?????ng m???i c???a Gorbachev.

Gorbachev ??em theo nh???ng nghi ng??? ???? khi l??n n???m quy???n v???i t?? c??ch l?? T???ng B?? th?? ?????ng C???ng s???n Li??n X?? v?? sau ???? l?? T???ng th???ng, ti??n phong ti???n h??nh nh???ng c???i c??ch long tr???i l??? ?????t. Tuy nhi??n, ??ng c??ng lu???n l??ch qua h??? th???ng ch??nh tr??? m???t c??ch th???n tr???ng, c??? g???ng kh??ng l??m b??? m???t nh???ng ph???n t??? c???ng r???n, mong mu???n nh???ng thay ?????i nhanh ch??ng v?? c???p ti???n h??n, v?? th???t v???ng khi ??ng kh??ng th???c s??? bi???t b???ng c??ch n??o c?? th??? ?????t ???????c ??i???u ????. Taubman ph??c ho??? Gorbachev nh?? l?? m???t ng?????i nh??n xa tr??ng r???ng, quy???t t??m ?????i xa???, m???t nh?? l??nh ?????o v???i ???s??? t??? tin v?? l???c quan b???m sinh, m???t tr?? th???c c?? t??i th???c s??????, v???i kh??t v???ng m???nh m??? ch???ng minh b???n th??n, nh??ng ?????ng th???i l?? m???t ng?????i ti???m ti???n b??? c???n b?????c s??? thi???u ch???c ch???n c??ng nh?? s??? kh??ng s???n l??ng t??? b??? h??? th???ng X??-vi???t th????? ban ?????u.

Nh???ng ?? ?????nh c???p ti???n c???a Gorbachev b??? ????nh gi?? th???p kh??ng bi???t bao nhi??u l???n. Khi tr?? chuy???n v???i c??c nh?? l??nh ?????o ????ng ??u v??o n??m 1985 v??? vi???c Moskva s??? kh??ng ?????t ra nh???ng m???nh l???nh v???i c??c n?????c n??y ??? ??i???u xu???t ph??t t??? s??? ph???n n??? c???a Gorbachev tr?????c cu???c ????n ??p M??a xu??n Praha v?? vi???c ??ng kh??ng mu???n s??? d???ng v?? l???c ??? c??c nh?? l??nh ?????o n??y ????n gi???n l?? ???? kh??ng hi???u ???????c nh???ng ??i???u ??ng n??i. Taubman cho bi???t c??c l??nh ?????o kh???i Warsaw ???r???i cu???c g???p v???n tin t?????ng r???ng Gorbachev s??? kh??ng b??? r??i h???, m?? ????ng h??n l?? s??? gi???i c???u h??? kh???i nh???ng c??i h??? m?? c??c l??nh ?????o n??y ??ang ????o ra cho ch??nh m??nh???. B???n n??m sau, Gorbachev ???? l??m nh???ng g?? ??ng n??i, ??ng kh??ng c???u c??c nh?? l??nh ?????o n??y khi B???c t?????ng Berlin s???p ????? v?? cu???n theo s??? ph???n c???a h???. T????ng t???, v??o th??ng 1 n??m 1986 khi Gorbachev ????a ra ????? xu???t gi???i tr??? t???t c??? v?? kh?? h???t nh??n v??o cu???i th??? k??? 20, ??ng ch??? ??ang nh???c l???i tuy??n truy???n l??u nay c???a Li??n X??, v?? ng?????i ta cho l?? ch???ng c?? g?? th???c ch???t. Nh??ng Taubman cho bi???t, Gorbachev ???r???t nghi??m t??c v???i chuy???n n??y??? v?? ??ng ???? th??c ?????y c??ng nh?? l??m Ronald Reagan ng???c nhi??n t???i cu???c g???p th?????ng ?????nh k??? ti???p. V??o th??ng 10/1986, ??ng ???? th???c hi???n cam k???t ???? t???i Reyjavik (th??? ???? c???a Iceland). D?? nhi???u ng?????i t???i cu???c h???p, trong ???? c?? t??i, cho r???ng ???? s??? l?? m???t th???t b???i v?? s??? b??? t???c g??y n??n b???i S??ng ki???n Ph??ng th??? Chi???n l?????c m?? Reagan ????? xu???t, nh??ng Gorbachev l???i nh???n th???y ???? l?? b?????c kh???i ?????u h?????ng t???i h??m phanh cu???c ch???y ??ua v?? kh?? h???t nh??n.

T???i Li??n X??, Gorbachev ???? m??? toang h??? th???ng X??-vi???t v???n ????ng c???a v?? l???i th???i. N??m 1989, c?? quan l???p ph??p m???i g???i l?? ?????i h???i ?????i bi???u nh??n d??n (t???c Qu???c h???i) ???? ???????c b???u ra trong cu???c b???u c??? t????ng ?????i t??? do ?????u ti??n k??? t??? sau c??ch m???ng Bolshevik th??ng 10 n??m 1917. Gorbachev y??u c???u c??c cu???c h???p c???a qu??c h???i ph???i ???????c truy???n h??nh tr???c ti???p, v?? c??? n?????c ???? tr??? n??n r??ng ?????ng v???i nh???ng ch??? tr??ch v?? tranh lu???n m???. Nh???ng thay ?????i ngo???n m???c c???a Gorbachev ???? gi???i ph??ng t???t c??? c??c l???c l?????ng ly t??m ra ngo??i t???m ki???m so??t c???a ??ng, bao g???m khao kh??t ?????c l???p c???a c??c n?????c c???ng ho?? trong Li??n bang X??-vi???t. Taubman c??ng ch??? ra ???nh h?????ng g??y suy y???u cho Gorbachev t??? cu???c ganh ??ua v???i m???t Boris Yeltsin ?????y t??? tin. Khi nh??n l???i th?? c?? th??? th???y Gorbachev ???? ??i ch??a ????? xa. ??ng n??n ra kh???i ?????ng C???ng s???n, t??? b??? nh???ng nh?? c???ng s???n k??? c???u v?? b???t ?????u ?????c l???p x??y d???ng m???t n???n d??n ch??? x?? h???i. S??? ch???n ch??? c???a Gorbachev ???? ?????y ??ng l??n boong c???a m???t chi???c t??u ??ang ch??m.

Nguy??n nh??n c???t l??i c???a s??? m???c ru???ng trong h??? th???ng X??-vi???t l?? n???n kinh t???, nh??ng Gorbachev ???? ??p d???ng bi???n ph??p n???a v???i v?? kh??ng th??? l??m m???t b?????c nh???y v???t sang ch??? ngh??a t?? b???n khi t??? ch???i k??? ho???ch ???500 ng??y??? qu?? ????? sang n???n kinh t??? th??? tr?????ng c???a Grigory Yavlinsky. Taubman kh??ng ??i???m nhi???u v??? kinh t???, nh??ng m???t trong nh???ng thay ?????i ????ng k??? nh???t th???i Gorbachev m?? ng??y nay v???n c??n ???????c nh???c ?????n ???? l?? c??c h???p t??c x??, c??c doanh nghi???p t?? nh??n ?????u ti??n, nh???ng ch??? th??? kinh doanh m?? t??? ???? nh???ng nh?? ?????u s??? th???i Yeltsin sau n??y ???? ???????c n???m m??i ban ?????u c???a l???i nhu???n. (T??i chia s??? m???t s??? t??i li???u nghi??n c???u v???i Taubman v?? t???ng d??? m???t h???i th???o chung v???i Gorbachev ??? Moskva).

B???t ch???p nh???ng ??i???m y???u, Gorbachev ???? m??? ra con ???????ng ?????n d??n ch??? cho h??ng ch???c tri???u ng?????i, l??m d???u ??i c??ng th???ng c???a cu???c Chi???n tranh L???nh v???n k??m h??m th??? gi???i trong s??? ?????i ?????u su???t 4 th???p ni??n, v?? ?????p tan ch??? ngh??a c???ng s???n ??? ngay ch??nh Li??n X?? ??? m???nh ?????t m?? n?? ???????c sinh ra. Taubman nh???n ?????nh trong c??u t??m t???t xu???t s???c c???a ??ng: ???Li??n X?? tan v??? khi Gorbachev ???? l??m nh?? n?????c suy y???u nh???m gia t??ng s???c m???nh cho c?? nh??n ng?????i d??n???. Ng??y nay, nh???ng th??nh t???u v?? cu???c ?????u tranh c???a Gorbachev kh??ng ???????c ghi nh???n t???i Nga c??ng nh?? c??c n?????c c???ng ho?? thu???c Li??n X?? c??. Nh??ng c?? th??? m???t ng??y n??o ????, m???t b???c t?????ng s??? ???????c d???ng l??n ????? vinh danh anh ch??ng nh?? qu?? v???ng v???, ng?????i ???? v????n l??n th???i kh???c tr???ng ?????i c???a l???ch s??? v?? ????o m??? ch??n cho ch??? ngh??a to??n tr???.

David E.Hoffman l?? tr?????ng v??n ph??ng c???a Washiongton Post t???i Moskva, ?????ng th???i l?? t??c gi??? c???a cu???n ???The Billion Dollar Spy: A True Story of Cold War Espionage and Betrayal???.

????y l?? b??i ??i???m cu???n Gorbachev: His life and Times c???a William TaubmanNXB Norton, 852 trang, gi?? b??a $39.95
 

S??t th??? c??o bu???c TT Duterte t???ng t??? tay gi???t ng?????i

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duterte2

Ngu???n: ???Duterte killed justice official, hitman tells Philippine senate???, AFP, 15/09/2016

Bi??n d???ch: Phan Nguy??n

??ng Rodrigo Duterte ???? b???n ch???t m???t nh??n vi??n B??? T?? ph??p v?? ra l???nh gi???t c??c ?????i th???, m???t c???u th??nh vi??n bi???t ?????i ??m s??t ??i???u tr???n tr?????c Qu???c h???i v??o h??m th??? n??m (15 th??ng 9), trong m???t c??o bu???c g??y ch???n ?????ng ch???ng l???i v??? t???ng th???ng Philippines.

Tay s??t th??? t??? x??ng ???? tuy??n b??? tr?????c phi??n ??i???u tr???n ??? Th?????ng vi???n r???ng ??ng v?? m???t nh??m c???nh s??t c??ng c???u phi???n qu??n c???ng s???n ???? gi???t ch???t kho???ng 1.000 ng?????i su???t 25 n??m theo l???nh c???a ??ng Duterte, trong ???? c?? m???t n???n nh??n ???????c v???t cho c?? s???u ??n th???t.

Nhi???u ng?????i trong s??? nh???ng ng?????i c??n l???i b??? si???t c???, ?????t ch??y, ph??n th??y, r???i ??em ch??n ??? m???t m??? ???? thu???c s??? h???u c???a m???t s?? quan c???nh s??t v?? l?? m???t th??nh vi??n c???a bi???t ?????i ??m s??t. Nh???ng ng?????i kh??c b??? n??m xu???ng bi???n cho c?? ??n.

Edgar Matobato, 57 tu???i, ????a ra l???i c??o bu???c tr?????c Th?????ng vi???n, c?? quan ??ang ??i???u tra v??? c??c v??? gi???t ng?????i ???????c c??o bu???c l?? kh??ng qua x??t x??? trong chi???n d???ch ????n ??p t???i ph???m c???a ??ng Duterte m?? c???nh s??t cho l?? ???? khi???n 3.140 ng?????i ch???t trong 72 ng??y ?????u ti??n ??ng l??m t???ng th???ng.

Ch??? t???ch ???y ban Nh??n quy???n, Th?????ng ngh??? s?? Leila de Lima, ???? n??i v???i phi??n ??i???u tr???n r???ng Matobato ???? ?????u h??ng c?? quan ??i???u tra v??o n??m 2009 v?? cho ?????n g???n ????y ???????c che ch??? b???i m???t ch????ng tr??nh b???o v??? nh??n ch???ng.

Ph??t ng??n vi??n c???a ??ng Duterte n??i c??c c??o bu???c n??y ???? ???????c ??i???u tra m?? kh??ng c?? l???i bu???c t???i n??o ???????c n???p l??n t??a ??n, trong khi con trai c???a ??ng, Paolo Duterte, g???i c??c l???i ch???ng n??y ???ch??? l?? tin ?????n??? c???a ???m???t ng?????i ??i??n???.

Matobato n??i r???ng h???i n??m 1993, ??ng v?? c??c th??nh vi??n kh??c trong bi???t ?????i ??m s??t ??ang th???c hi???n m???t nhi???m v??? th?? h??? t???i m???t con ???????ng ??? Davao b??? ch???n b???i m???t chi???c xe c???a m???t s?? quan thu???c C???c ??i???u tra Qu???c gia c???a B??? T?? ph??p.

Cu???c ?????i ?????u ???? d???n t???i m???t m??n ?????u s??ng khi???n vi??n s?? quan b??? th????ng v?? h???t ?????n. Rodrigo Duterte, th??? tr?????ng th??nh ph??? Davao v??o th???i ??i???m ????, sau ???? ?????n hi???n tr?????ng, Matobato n??i.

???Th??? tr?????ng Duterte l?? ng?????i ???? k???t li???u anh ta. Jamisola (t??n c???a nh??n vi??n B??? T?? ph??p) v???n c??n s???ng khi ??ng ???y (Duterte) ?????n. ??ng ???y x??? h???t hai b??ng ?????n Uzi (s??ng ti???u li??n) v??o ng?????i anh ta.???

???T??i ???? kh??ng gi???t b???t c??? ai tr??? khi c?? l???nh c???a Charlie Mike,??? ??ng n??i, v?? gi???i th??ch r???ng ???? l?? bi???t danh c???a ?????i ??m s??t ????? ch??? ??ng Duterte, ng?????i l??c ???? l?? th??? tr?????ng c???a th??nh ph??? mi???n nam Davao, b???ng c??ch gh??p hai ch??? c??i ?????u CM.

Ng?????i d??n th?????ng g???i Duterte l?? CM, t???c City Mayor (th??? tr?????ng th??nh ph???).

???Gi???t ng?????i nh?? ng??e???

L???i ch???ng c???a Matobato ???? ????a ra c??c chi ti???t ?????i v???i c??c c??o bu???c l??u nay r???ng Duterte ?????ng ?????ng sau m???t bi???t ?????i ??m s??t v???n ???? gi???t ch???t h??n m???t ngh??n ng?????i ??? Davao, n??i ??ng l?? th??? tr?????ng trong g???n hai th???p ni??n qua.

???C??ng vi???c c???a ch??ng t??i l?? ti??u di???t b???n t???i ph???m, hi???p d??m, bu??n b??n ma t??y, c?????p gi???t. ???? l?? nh???ng g?? ch??ng t??i ???? l??m. Ch??ng t??i gi???t ng?????i g???n nh?? h??ng ng??y, ???Matobato n??i.

???Ng?????i d??n Davao ???? b??? gi???t nh?? ng??e,??? ??ng n??i, v?? th??m r???ng ?????i s??t th??? ch??? y???u gi???t nh???ng ng?????i b??? nghi l?? t???i ph???m v?? k??? th?? c?? nh??n c???a gia ????nh ??ng Duterte t??? n??m 1988 ?????n 2013.

Ph??t ng??n vi??n c???a ??ng Duterte, ??ng Martin Andanar, cho bi???t ??ng nghi ng??? vi???c v??? th??? tr?????ng l??c ???? c?? th??? ra l???nh gi???t ch???t ???????c c??? 1.000 ng?????i.

???T??i kh??ng ngh?? ??ng ???y c?? kh??? n??ng ????a ra m???t ch??? th??? nh?? th???. ???y ban Nh??n quy???n ???? ??i???u tra ??i???u n??y m???t th???i gian d??i tr?????c ????y v?? kh??ng c?? l???i bu???c t???i n??o ???? ???????c n???p l??n,??? ??ng n??i.

M???t ph??t ng??n vi??n kh??c, ??ng Ernesto Abella, n??i r???ng c??c c??o bu???c c???n ph???i ???????c xem x??t k??? l?????ng.

???D?? l???i ch???ng v?? c??c tuy??n b??? c???a v??? ch??? t???ch (???y ban Th?????ng vi???n) l?? g??, ch??ng ta s??? ph???i c?? m???t cu???c ??i???u tra th??ch h???p v??? ??i???u ????.???

??ng Duterte, ng?????i nh???m ch???c h??n hai th??ng tr?????c, th???ng c??? h???i th??ng 5 v???i m???t ch??nh l???ch phi???u l???n d???a tr??n l???i h???a s??? gi???t h??ng ng??n t???i ph???m.

Matobato n??i c??c s??t th??? ???? nh???n ???????c ???????n ?????t h??ng??? tr???c ti???p t??? ??ng Duterte ho???c t??? c??c s?? quan c???nh s??t ???????c bi???t ph??i t???i l??m vi???c ??? v??n ph??ng c???a th??? tr?????ng.

Nhi???u ng?????i trong s??? c??c n???n nh??n b??? b???t c??c b???i c??c th??nh vi??n c???a m???t nh??m ng?????i t??? gi???i thi???u l?? nh??n vi??n c???nh s??t, sau ???? h??? b??? ????a ?????n m???t m??? ???? ?????a ph????ng n??i h??? ???? b??? gi???t v?? ch??n, ??ng n??i th??m.

???C??c s?? quan n??y n??i v???i ch??ng t??i gi???t ng?????i ki???u b??nh th?????ng s??? kh??ng ????? th???a m??n. H??? l?? nh???ng k??? th??ch gi???t ng?????i m???t c??ch d?? man,??? ??ng n??i v?? m?? t??? c??ch c??c n???n nh??n b??? b??p c???.

???Sau ???? ch??ng t??i s??? l???t qu???n ??o c???a h???, ?????t ch??y v?? ch???t c??c thi th???,??? Matobato n??i, ?????ng th???i cho hay ??ng ???? ????ch th??n gi???t ???kho???ng 50??? ng?????i.

???M??? b???ng phanh th??y???

Thi th??? c???a c??c n???n nh??n kh??c b??? m??? b???ng v?? n??m xu???ng bi???n, trong khi nh???ng ng?????i kh??c th?? b??? v???t b??n l??? ???????ng ??? Davao, v?? b??n tay c???a h??? b??? l??m cho nh?? ??ang n???m m???t kh???u s??ng ng???n, ??ng n??i th??m.

M???t trong c??c n???n nh??n l?? m???t ng?????i ????n ??ng n?????c ngo??i b??? nghi ng??? l?? ???kh???ng b??? qu???c t??????, c??n m???t ng?????i l?? b???n trai c???a em g??i ??ng Duterte.

M???t n???n nh??n kh??c l?? ph??ng vi??n ????i truy???n h??nh Davao Jun Pala, ng?????i li??n t???c ch??? tr??ch ??ng Duterte, c??n b???n ng?????i kh??c l?? v??? s?? c???a m???t ?????i th??? ng?????i ?????a ph????ng c???a con trai ??ng Duterte, Paolo Duterte, ng?????i hi???n l?? ph?? th??? tr?????ng th??nh ph??? Davao, Matobato n??i.

????p l???i, ??ng Paolo Duterte g???i c??c l???i ch???ng c???a Matobato ???ch??? l?? tin ?????n???. ???T??i s??? kh??ng th??m tr??? l???i nh???ng c??o bu???c c???a m???t ng?????i ??i??n.???

T???ng th???ng Duterte tr?????c ???? ???? b??c b??? l?? ???? ra l???nh ph???c k??ch gi???t Pala ??? Davao h???i n??m 2003 nh??ng m?? t??? Pala l?? m???t k??? t???ng ti???n v?? m???t ???th???ng ch?? ????? th???i tha???, ng?????i ???x???ng ????ng b??? nh?? v???y???. C??c b??nh lu???n n??y ???? b??? l??n ??n b???i Li??n H???p Qu???c v?? c??c c?? quan gi??m s??t nh??n quy???n.

B?? De Lima cho bi???t ???y ban Nh??n quy???n sau ???? ???? ????o l??n ???????c m???t v??i b??? x????ng ng?????i kh??ng x??c ?????nh ???????c l?? ai t???i m??? ???? ??? Davao.

B?? cho bi???t nh???ng ph??t hi???n ban c???a ???y ban Th?????ng vi???n s??? ???????c chuy???n ?????n T???ng Thanh tra Philippines, m???c d?? b?? th???a nh???n c??c t???ng th???ng ??????ng nhi???m ???????c mi???n truy t??? h??nh s??? v?? ch??? c?? th??? b??? ph??? tru???t th??ng qua quy tr??nh ????n h???ch (lu???n t???i).

Matobato n??i ?????i ??m s??t ???? ???tra t???n??? ??ng khi ??ng r???i kh???i nh??m v??o n??m 2013, khi???n ??ng ph???i ?????u h??ng v?? tham gia ch????ng tr??nh b???o v??? nh??n ch???ng c???a B??? T?? ph??p.

Tuy nhi??n Matobato n??i ??ng r???i kh???i ch????ng tr??nh n??y v?? ??i tr???n khi ??ng Duterte th???ng c??? t???ng th???ng.

Khi ???????c h???i t???i sao ??ng r???i ?????i ??m s??t, Matobato tr??? l???i r???ng: ???T??i c???m th???y l????ng t??m b??? c???n r???t.???

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